Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Article
Published: 2019-04-12
Page range: 351–359
Abstract views: 71
PDF downloaded: 5

A new genus and species of burrower bugs (Heteroptera: Cydnidae) from the mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber

College of Life Science, Capital Normal University, 105 Xisanhuanbeilu, Haidian District, Beijing 100048, China
College of Life Science, Capital Normal University, 105 Xisanhuanbeilu, Haidian District, Beijing 100048, China
College of Life Science, Capital Normal University, 105 Xisanhuanbeilu, Haidian District, Beijing 100048, China
College of Life Science, Capital Normal University, 105 Xisanhuanbeilu, Haidian District, Beijing 100048, China
Heteroptera Cydnidae Pentatomomorpha Myanmar Cenomanian


A new genus and species of Cydnidae, Punctacorona triplosticha gen. et sp. nov. (Heteroptera: Pentatomomorpha) is described and illustrated from Myanmar amber. This new genus is established based on its forewing anterior margin angulated, clavus narrow, with three rows of distinct punctures, metapleuron neighboring to posterior margin of evaporatorium carinate. A comparison between the new species and the Chilamnestocoris mixtus Lis et al. 2018 from Myanmar is provided.



  1. Billberg, G.J. (1820) Enumeratio insectorum in Museo, Typis Gadelianis, Stockholm, pp. 138.

    Cassis, G. & Gross, G.F.S.S. (2002) Hemiptera: Heteroptera (Pentatomorpha). In: Houston, W.W.K., Wells, A. (Eds.), Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 14. Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization Publishing, Melbourne, pp. 737.

    Chen, S., Deng, S.W., Shih, C.K., Zhang, W.W., Zhang, P., Ren, D., Zhu, Y.N. & Gao, T.P. (2018) The earliest Timematids in Burmese amber reveal diverse tarsal pads of stick insects in the mid-Cretaceous. Insect Science, 1–13. [published online]

    Cruickshank, R.D. & Ko, K. (2003) Geology of an amber locality in the Hukawng Valley, northern Myanmar. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 21, 441–455.

    Dong, F., Shih, C.K. & Ren, D. (2015) A new genus of Tanyderidae (Insecta: Diptera) from Myanmar amber, Upper Cretaceous. Cretaceous Research, 54, 260–265.

    Eger, J.E. (2008) A new genus and three new species of burrowing bugs (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Cydnidae: Amnestinae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 110, 940–947.

    Froeschner, R.C. (1960) Cydnidae of the Western Hemisphere. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 111, 337–680.

    Grimaldi, D.A., Engel, M.S. & Nascimbene, P.C. (2002) Fossiliferous cretaceous amber from Myanmar (Burma): its rediscovery, biotic diversity, and paleontological significance. American Museum Novitates, 62 (3361), 1–71.<0001:FCAFMB>2.0.CO;2

    Hart, C.A. (1919) The Pentatomoidea of Illinois with keys to the Nearctic genera. Champaign Illinois Natural History Survey, 13, 159–223.

    Huang, S., Wang, Y.J. & Ren, D. (2019) A new basal beaded lacewing (Neuroptera: Berothidae) from mid-Cretaceous Myanmar amber. Cretaceous Research, 95, 1–7.

    Latreille, P.A. (1810) Considerations générales sur l'ordre naturel des animaux composant les classes des crustacés, des arachnides et des insectes; avec un tableau méthodique de leurs genres, disposés en familles. F. Schoell, Paris, pp. 444.

    Leston, D., Pendergrast, J.G. & Southwood, T.R.E. (1954) Classification of the terrestrial Heteroptera (Geocorisae), Nature, London, 174, 91–92.

    Lin, Q.Q., Kong, L.J., Shih, C.K., Zhao, Y.Y. & Ren, D. (2018) The latest record of Hexagenitidae (Insecta: Ephemeroptera) with elongated abdominal sternum IX from mid-Cretaceous Myanmar amber. Cretaceous research, 91, 140–146.

    Lin, S., Yao, Y.Z. & Ren, D. (2018) A new scale insect of the extinct family Weitschatidae from mid Cretaceous Burmese amber (Insecta: Hemiptera: Coccomorpha). Zootaxa, 4407 (3), 427–434.

    Lis, J.A. (1994) A revision of Oriental burrower bugs (Heteroptera: Cydnidae). Upper Silesian Museum, Bytom, 349 pp. [pp. 7–15]

    Lis, J.A. (1998) Amnestus raunoi n. sp. from Iran, the first Old World representative or the New World subfamily Amnestinae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Cydnidae). Entomologica Fennica, 9, 5–7.

    Lis, J.A. (2002) The mesothoracic wing and its phylogenetic significance in Cydnidae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pentatomoidea). Polish Journal of Entomology, 71, 43–71.

    Lis, J.A. (2010) Coxal combs in the Cydnidae sensu lato and three other related “cydnoid” families—Parastrachiidae, Thaumastellidae, Thyreocoridae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera): functional, taxonomic, and phylogenetic significance. Zootaxa, 2476, 53–64.

    Lis, J.A. & Lis, B. (2016) Amnestus mendeli sp. n., the first burrower bug species (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Cydnidae) recorded on Ascension Island, central Atlantic Ocean. Zootaxa, 4126 (1), 115–122.

    Lis, J.A., Lis, B. & Ernest, H. (2018) Chilamnestocoris mixtus gen. et spec. nov., the first burrower bug (Hemiptera: Pentatomoidea: Cydnidae) in Upper Cretaceous Burmese amber. Cretaceous Reasearch, 91, 257–262.

    Lis, J.A. & Pluot-Sigwalt, D. (2002) Nymphal and adult cephalic chaetotaxy of the Cydnidae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera), and its adaptive, taxonomic and phylogenetic significance. European Journal of Entomology, 99, 99–109.

    Lis, J.A. & Ziaja, D.J. (2010) Pretarsal structures in the family Cydnidae sensu lato (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pentatomoidea). Zootaxa, 2545 (1), 23–32.

    Lis, J.A., Ziaja, D.J., Lis, B. & Gradowska, P. (2017) Non-monophyly of the “cydnoid” complex within Pentatomoidea (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) revealed by Bayesian phylogenetic analysis of nuclear rDNA sequences. Arthropod Systematics & Phylogeny, 75, 481–496.

    Linnaeus, C.V. (1758) secundum classes ordines, genera, species, cum Characteribus Differentiis Synonymis, locis. In: Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae. 10th Edition. Revised Edition. Laurentius Salvius, Holmiae, pp. 824.

    Mayorga, C. (2015) A new species of Amnestus (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Cydnidae) from Morelos, Mexico, with description of its immature stages. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad, 86, 912–915.

    Mayorga, C. & Brailovsky, H. (2012) Four new species of Lattinestus (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Cydnidae: Amnestinae). Revista Mexicana De Biodiversidad, 83, 1013–1024.

    Mayorga, C. & Cervantes, L. (2005) Description of six new species of Amnestus (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Cydnidae) from Mexico. Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 113 (3), 159–173.[0159:DOSNSO]2.0.CO;2

    Mayorga, C. & Cervantes, L. (2009) Two new species of Amnestus from Guatemala, with new records for some other Guatemalan burrower bugs (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Cydnidae). Zootaxa, 2311, 19–37.

    Mayorga, C. & Cervantes, L. (2014) The genus Amnestus Dallas (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Cydnidae: Amnestinae) in Mexico, with the description of eleven new species from Chiapas. Zootaxa, 3779 (4), 401–432.

    Mayorga, C., Cervantes, L. & Lis, J.A. (2012) Amnestus raunoi J. A. Lis, the only representative of the Amnestinae in the Old World: a synonym of Amnestus pusillus Uhler (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Cydnidae). Zootaxa, 3445, 67–68.

    Pluot-Sigwalt, D. & Lis, J.A. (2008) Morphology of the spermatheca in the Cydnidae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera): Bearing of itsdiversity on classification and phylogeny. European Journal of Entomology, 105, 279–312.

    Rider, D.A., Schwertner, C.F., Vilímová, J., Rédei, D., Kment, P. & Thomas, D.B. (2018) Higher Systematics of the Pentatomoidea. In: Mcpherson, J.E. (Ed.), Invasive Stink Bugs and Related Species (Pentatomoidea): Biology, Higher Systematics, Semiochemistry, and Management. CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp. 29–141.

    Pinto, I.D. & Ornellas, L.P. (1974) New Cretaceous Hemiptera (Insecta) from Codó Formation—Northern Brazil. Anais 28th Congresso Brasileiro de Geologia, 1974, 289–304.

    Popov, Y.A. (1986) Peloridiina (=Coleorrhyncha) et Cimicina (=Heteroptera). In: Insects in Early Cretaceous ecosystems of western Mongolia. Vol. 28. Transactions of the Joint Soviet-Mongolian Paleontological Expedition, 1986, pp. 47–84. [in Russian]

    Popov, Y.A. (1990) Description of fossil insects. True bugs. Cimicina. In: Late Mesozoic insects of Eastern Transbaikalia. Vol. 239. Transactions of Paleontological Institute of Academy Sciences of the USSR, 1990, 20–39. [in Russian]

    Reuter, O.M. (1910) Neue Beiträge zur Phylogenie und Systematik der Miriden nebst einleitenden Bemerkungen über die Phylogenie der Heteropteren-Familien. Mit einer Stammbaumstafel. Acta Societatis Scientiarum Fennicae, 37 (3), I–IV + 1–167.

    Ross, A. (2018) The remarkable palaeodiversity in Burmese amber. In: AMBERIF 2018: Interantional Fair of Amber, Jewellery and Gemstones. International Symposium Amber. Science and Art Abstracts. International Fair Co, Gdańsk, pp. 12–17.

    Schwertner, C.F. & Nardi, C. (2015) Chapter 21. Burrower Bugs (Cydnidae). In: Panizzi, A.R. & Grazia, J. (Eds.), True Bugs (Heteroptera) of the Neotropics. Springer Netherland, Dordrecht, Heidelberg, New York, London, pp. I–XXII + 1–901.

    Shi, G., Grimaldi, D.A., Harlow, G.E., Wang, J., Wang, J.Y.M., Lei, W., Li, Q., Li, X. (2012) Age constraint on Burmese amber based on U-Pb dating of zircons. Cretaceous Research, 37, 155–163.

    Thomas, D.B., Jr. (1988) Fossil Cydnidae (Heteroptera) from the Oligo-Miocene amber of Chiapas, Mexico. Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 96, 26–29.

    Thomas, D.B. Jr. (1994) Fossil Cydnidae (Heteroptera) in the Dominican amber. Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 102, 303–309.

    Yao, Y.Z., Cai, W.Z. & Ren, D. (2007) The first fossil Cydnidae (Hemiptera: Pentatomoidea) from the Late Mesozoic of China. Zootaxa, 1388 (1), 59–68.