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Type: Monograph
Published: 2019-07-10
Page range: 1–619
Abstract views: 301
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Dryinidae of the Afrotropical region (Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea)

Tropical Entomology Research Center, Via de Gasperi 10, I-01100 Viterbo, Italy.
International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE), P.O. Box 30772 Nairobi, Kenya, and Department of Entomology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC, USA.
Research and Exhibitions Department, South African Museum, Iziko Museums of South Africa, P.O. Box 61, Cape Town, 8000, South Africa, and Department of Biological Sciences, University of Cape Town, Private Bag, Rondebosch, 7701, South Africa.
Hymenoptera taxonomy revision descriptions hosts distribution type material keys depositories

Abstract

An updated revision of Afrotropical Dryinidae is presented. Nine subfamilies, 23 genera and 430 species (including 60 new species) are treated. Six new species-level synonymies and three new combinations are proposed. Descriptions, geographic distribution, known hosts, natural enemies and type material of each species are presented, together with illustrations of the main morphological characters and keys to the subfamilies, genera and species. A complete list of references concerning the Afrotropical Dryinidae and their hosts is provided. The following new species are described: Anteon ambrense, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Anteon beankanum, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Anteon elongatum, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Anteon hoekense, sp. nov. (South Africa), Anteon mabibiense, sp. nov. (South Africa), Anteon majunganum, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Anteon malagasy, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Anteon musmani, sp. nov. (Kenya), Anteon nigropictum, sp. nov. (South Africa), Anteon nimbense, sp. nov. (Guinea), Anteon pseudohova, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Anteon sakalavense, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Anteon tulearense, sp. nov. (Kenya, Madagascar), Aphelopus sequeirai, sp. nov. (Kenya), Apoaphelopus fisheri, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Apoaphelopus wallacei, sp. nov. (Kenya), Bocchus forestalis, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Bocchus granulatus, sp. nov. (South Africa), Bocchus harinhalai, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Bocchus nigroflavus, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Bocchus parkeri, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Bocchus ruvidus, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Conganteon hawleyi, sp. nov. (Kenya), Conganteon sensitivum, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Crovettia afra, sp. nov. (Kenya, Madagascar), Deinodryinus ambrensis, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Deinodryinus granulatus, sp. nov. (South Africa), Deinodryinus nigropictus, sp. nov. (South Africa), Deinodryinus piceus, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Dryinus bellicosus, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Dryinus dentatiforceps, sp. nov. (South Africa), Dryinus erenianus, sp. nov. (Ivory Coast), Dryinus milleri, sp. nov. (Kenya), Dryinus mobotensis, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Dryinus nigrithorax, sp. nov. (Ivory Coast), Dryinus teres, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Dryinus tulearensis, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Dryinus whittleorum, sp. nov. (Kenya), Gonatopus avontuurensis, sp. nov. (South Africa), Gonatopus bellicosus, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Gonatopus comorensis, sp. nov. (Union of the Comoros), Gonatopus costalis, sp. nov. (South Africa), Gonatopus flavotestaceus, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Gonatopus gumovskyi, sp. nov. (Democratic Republic of the Congo), Gonatopus hantamensis, sp. nov. (South Africa), Gonatopus harinhalai, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Gonatopus karooensis, sp. nov. (South Africa), Gonatopus koebergensis, sp. nov. (South Africa), Gonatopus marojejyanus, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Gonatopus minutus, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Gonatopus nigropictus, sp. nov. (South Africa), Gonatopus ranomafanensis, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Gonatopus robertsoni, sp. nov. (South Africa), Gonatopus rugithorax, sp. nov. (South Africa), Gonatopus scholtzi, sp. nov. (South Africa), Gonatopus wikstrandae, sp. nov. (Kenya), Lonchodryinus madagascolus, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Madecadryinus ranomafanensis, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Neodryinus bimaculatus, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Neodryinus keleboensis, sp. nov. (Democratic Republic of the Congo). The ♀ of Deinodryinus danielssoni Olmi, 1998, is described for the first time. The following new synonymies are presented: Anteon fiorii Olmi, 1984 (=A. proteicolum Olmi, 2006, syn. nov.); Anteon madagascolum (Benoit, 1954) (=Anteon brooksi Olmi, 2003, syn. nov.); Anteon zairense Benoit, 1951 (=A. terminale Olmi, 2007, syn. nov.); Aphelopus incisus Olmi, 1984 (=A. himyarita Olmi & van Harten, 2006, syn. nov.); Bocchus watshami Olmi, 1987 (=Bocchus simoni Olmi, 2005, syn. nov.); Dryinus ugandanus Olmi, 1984 (=Dryinus constantiae Olmi, 2006, syn. nov.). The following new combinations are presented: Dryinus luweli (Benoit, 1951) new comb. in place of Lestodryinus luweli Benoit, 1951; Gonatopus africanus (Benoit, 1951) new comb. in place of Aphelopus africanus Benoit, 1951; Gonatopus ghanensis (Olmi, 1987) new comb. in place of Pseudogonatopus ghanensis Olmi, 1987. Gynander specimens of Deinodryinus rusticus Olmi, 2004 and Deinodryinus steineri Olmi, 1994 are described (first gynander specimens of Dryinidae from the Afrotropical region). The authors provide well-illustrated identification keys to all species of Afrotropical Dryinidae. Online Lucid Phoenix and Lucid matrix interactive keys are provided at http://www.waspweb.org.

 

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    Olmi, M. (2002) Description of two new species of Dryinidae from Botswana: Bocchus martellii and Gonatopus martellii (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Bollettino di Zoologia agraria e Bachicoltura, Series II, 34, 273–280.

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    Olmi, M. (2004a) A contribution to the knowledge of Dryinidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea) of Northern Mozambique. Oriental Insects, 38, 353–372.

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    Olmi, M. (2004b) New species of Dryinidae from Colombia (Insecta, Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea). Spixiana, 27, 147–154.

    Olmi, M. (2004c) Dryinidae e Sclerogibbidae raccolti nelle piccole isole dell’arcipelago toscano, sulla costa toscana, in Corsica e in Sardegna nel corso del progetto INTERREG II (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea). Resumés du IVe Congrés International sur Environnement et Identité en Méditerranée, Corte (Corsica), 19–25 Juillet 2004, 117.

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    Olmi, M. (2005a) A contribution to the knowledge of Oriental Dryinidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea), with descriptions of two new species from India and Thailand. Oriental Insects, 39, 345–352.

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    Olmi, M. (2005c) A contribution to the knowledge of Afrotropical Dryinidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea). The Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine, 141, 233–247.

    Olmi, M. (2006 [“2005”]) A catalogue of Dryinidae and Embolemidae of South Africa, with descriptions of new species (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Frustula entomologica, New Series, 28–29, 1–57.

    Olmi, M. (2007a) New Zealand Dryinidae and Embolemidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea): new records and description of Bocchus thorpei new species. Records of the Auckland Museum, 44, 5–16.

    Olmi, M. (2007b) New species of Afrotropical Dryinidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea), with description of a new genus and a new subfamily. African Invertebrates, 48, 199–232.

    Olmi, M. (2007c) Apodryininae of Madagascar and South Africa (Hymenoptera: Dryinidae). Frustula entomologica, New Series, 30, 1–46.

    Olmi, M. (2008a) Order Hymenoptera, family Dryinidae. In: van Harten, A. (Ed.), Arthropod fauna of the UAE, 1. Dar Al Ummah Printing, Abu Dhabi, pp. 361–371.

    Olmi, M. (2008b) New species of Dryinidae from the Afrotropical Region (Insecta, Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea). Spixiana, 31, 215–221.

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    Olmi, M. (2009a) A contribution to the study of the Palaearctic Dryinidae, including descriptions of two new species from Japan and South Korea (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea). Entomologist’s Gazette, 60, 127–134.

    Olmi, M. (2009b) New species of South African Dryinidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea). African Invertebrates, 50, 447–460.

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    Olmi, M. (2010a [“2008”]) A contribution to the knowledge of Dryinidae from the Oriental, Nearctic, Neotropical and Australian regions (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Frustula entomologica, New Series, 31, 11–34.

    Olmi, M. (2010b [“2008”]) Descriptions of new species of Dryinidae and Embolemidae from Madagascar (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Frustula entomologica, New Series, 31, 53–76.

    Olmi, M. (2011 [“2009”]) A contribution to the knowledge of world Dryinidae (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Frustula entomologica, New Series, 32, 43–76.

    Olmi, M. (2014) Order Hymenoptera, families Dryinidae and Sclerogibbidae. New records from the United Arab Emirates. In: van Harten, A. (Ed.), Arthropod fauna of the UAE. Vol. 5. Dar Al Ummah Printing, Abu Dhabi, pp. 334–340.

    Olmi, M. (2016) Dryinidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea) of Madagascar: current status and knowledge gaps. Program Book of XXV International Congress of Entomology, Orlando, Florida, 25–30 September, 169.

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    Olmi, M. & Bechly, G. (2001) New parasitic wasps from Baltic amber (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Dryinidae). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde, Serie B, Nr. 306, 1–58.

    Olmi, M. & Copeland, R.S. (2011) A catalogue of Dryinidae, Embolemidae and Sclerogibbidae of Kenya and Burundi, with descriptions of new species (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea). African Invertebrates, 52, 177–206.

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    Olmi, M., Copeland, R. & Guglielmino, A. (2015) An updated checklist of Dryinidae, Embolemidae and Sclerogibbidae (Hymenoptera) of Kenya and Burundi, with descriptions of thirteen new species. Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae, 55, 333–380.

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