Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Article
Published: 2020-03-04
Page range: 562–574
Abstract views: 131
PDF downloaded: 6

Report of Cladorhiza bathycrinoides Koltun (Demospongiae) from North America and a new species of Farrea (Hexactinellida) among sponges from Cordell Bank, California

Porifera Cladorhizidae Farreidae


A small collection of five Sponges made by E/V Nautilus on Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary, California, include the first report of the crinorhyzid Cladorhiza bathycrinoides Koltun off North America and a new species of Hexactinellida, Farrea. cordelli n. sp. The other three sponges in the collection are known to occur off the surrounding North-East Pacific coast, but new geographic or depth distributions are reported for these.



  1. Beaulieu, S. (1998) The ecology of glass sponge “communities” in the abyssal NE Pacific. Ph. D. Thesis, Scripps Institute of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, California, xviii + 206 pp.

    Beaulieu, S. (2001) Colonization of habitat islands in the deep sea: recruitment to glass sponge stalks. Deep-Sea Research I, 48, 1121–1137.

    Bowerbank, J.S. (1862) On the anatomy and physiology of the Spongiadae. Part III. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 152, 1087–1135, pls. LXXII–LXXIV.

    Burton, E.J. & Lundsten, L. (2008) Davidson Seamount Taxonomic Guide. Marine Sanctuaries Conservation Series ONMS-08-08. U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Office of National Marine Sanctuaries, Silver Spring, Maryland, 145 pp.

    Castello-Branco, C., Hestetun, J.T., Rapp, H.T. & Hajdu, E. (2016) Taxonomy of Cladorhiza in the deep SW Atlantic: C. nicoleae sp. nov. and redescription of C. inversa (Cladorhizidae, Poecilosclerida, Demospongiae). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 96 (2), 297–303.

    Dendy, A. (1887) On a remarkable new species of Cladorhiza obtained by H.M.S. “Challenger”. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 20, 279–282.

    Dohrmann, M., Haen, K., Lavrov, D. & Wörheide, G. (2012) Molecular phylogeny of glass sponges (Porifera, Hexactinelllida): increased taxon sampling and inclusion of the mitochondrial protein-coding gene, cytochrome oxidase subunit I. Hydrobiologia, 687, 11–20.

    Ijima, I. (1897) Revision of hexactinellids with discoctasters, with descriptions of five new species. Annotationes zoologicae Japonenses, 1, 43–59.

    Ijima, I. (1898) The genera and species of Rossellidae. Annotationes zoologicae Japonenses, 2, 41–55.

    Koltun, V.M. (1955) Sponges. Atlas of the Invertebrate Fauna of the Far-Eastern Seas of the USSR. Akademiya Nauk SSSR, 45–50, pls. 4–6. [in Russian]

    Koltun, V.M. (1958) Cornacuspongia of sea waters washing the South Sakhalin and the South Kurile Island region. Issledovaniya dal’nevostochnÿkh morei SSR, 5, 42–77, figs. 1–25. [in Russian]

    Koltun, V.M. (1959) Siliceous horny sponges of the northern and fareastern seas of the U.S.S.R. Opredeliteli po faune SSR, izdavaemye Zoologicheskim muzeem Akademii nauk, 67, 1–236 [in Russian]

    Koltun, V.M. (1967) Vitreous sponges of the Northern and Far-Eastern Seas of the USSR. Opredeliteli po faune SSSR, 94, 1–124. [in Russian]

    Lambe, L.M. (1893) On some sponges from the Pacific Coast of Canada and Behring Sea. Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada, 10 (IV), 67–78, pls. III–VI.

    Lambe, L.M. (1894) Sponges from the Pacific Coast of Canada. Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada, II (IV), 25–43, pls. II–IV.

    Laubenfels, (1935) Some sponges of Lower California (Mexico). American Museum Novitiates, 779, 1–14.

    Lee, W.L., Reiswig, H.M., Austin, W.C. & Lundsten, L. (2012) An extraordinary new carnivorous sponge, Chondrocladia lyra, in the new subgenus Symmetrocladia (Demospongiae, Cladorhizidae), from off of northern California, USA. Invertebrate Biology, 13 (4), 259–284.

    Lehnert, H., Watling, L. & Stone, R. (2005) Cladorhiza corona sp. nov. (Porifera: Demospongiae: Cladorhizidae) from the Aleutian Islands (Alaska). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 85, 1359–1366.

    Lehnert, H., Stone, R. & Heimer, W. (2006) New species of deep-sea demosponges (Porifera) from the Aleutian Islands (Alaska, USA). Zootaxa, 1250 (1), 1–35.

    Lendenfeld, R. von (1915) Reports on the scientific results of the expedition to the eastern tropical Pacific, in charge of Alexander Agassiz, by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer “Albatross”, from October 1904 to March 1905, Lieut. Commander L.M. Garrett, U.S.N., “Albatross”, 1891–1899. The sponges. 3 Hexactinellida. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 42, 1–396, pls. 1–109.

    Lévi, C. (1964) Spongiaires des zones bathyale, abyssale et hadale. Galathea Reports, 7, 63–112.

    Lundsten, L., Reiswig, H. & Austin, W. (2014) Four new species of Cladorizidae (Porifera, Demospongiae, Poecilosclerida) from the Northeast Pacific. Zootaxa, 3786 (2), 101–123.

    Lundsten, L., Reiswig, H. & Austin, W. (2017) Three new species of Cladorhiza (Demospongiae, Poecilosclerida, Cladorhizidae) from the Northeast Pacific Ocean. Zootaxa, 4317 (2), 247–260.

    Reiswig, H. (2018) Four new species of Hexactinellida (Porifera) and a name replacement from the NE Pacific. Zootaxa, 4466 (1), 124–151.

    Reiswig, H. & Lee, W. (2007) A new species of Cladorhiza (Porifera: Cladorhizidae) from S. California (USA). In: Custódio, M., Lôbo-Hajdu, G., Hajdu, E. & Muricy, G. (Eds.), Porifera research: biodiversity, innovation and sustainability. Série Livros 28. Museu Nacional, Rio de Janeiro, pp. 517–523.

    Reiswig, H. & Kelly, M. (2011) The Marine Fauna of New Zealand: hexasterophoran glass sponge of New Zealand (Porifera: Hexactinellida: Hexasterophora); Orders Hexactinosida, Aulocalycoida and Lychniscosida. NIWA Biodiversity Memoir, 124, 1–176.

    Reiswig, H. & Stone, R. (2013) New glass sponges (Porifera: Hexactinellida) from deep waters of the central Aleutial Islands, Alaska. Zootaxa, 3628 (1), 1–64.

    Ridley, S. & Dendy, A. (1886) Preliminary report on the Monaxonida collected by H.M.S. ‘Challenger’. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 5, 18 (108), 325–351 + 470–493.

    Sars, G. (1872) On some remarkable forms of animal life from great deep off the Norwegian Coasts. I. Partly from the posthumous manuscripts of the late Prof. Dr. Michael Sars. Christiana, 1872 (4to), 1–82, pls. 1–6.

    Schulze, F.E. (1885) The Hexactinellida. In: Tizard, T., Moseley, H., Buchanan, J. & Murray, J. (Eds), Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76, Narrative, 1 (1), 437–451.

    Schulze, F.E. (1886) Über den Bau und das System der Hexactinelliden. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin (Physikalisch-Mathematisch Classe), 1886, 1–97.

    Schulze, F.E. (1899) Amerikanische Hexactinelliden nach dem materiale der Albatross-Expedition. G. Fischer, Jena, 129 pp., 19 pls.

    Tabachnick, K.R. (1988) (Hexactinellid sponges from the mountains of West Pacific.) IN RUSSIAN. In: Shirshov, P. (Ed.), Structural and Functional Researches of the Marine Benthos. Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Moscow, pp. 49–64.

    Tabachnick, K.R. (2002) Family Rossellidae Schulze, 1885. In: Hooper, J, & Van Soest, R. (Eds.), Systema Porifera: A Guide to the Classification of Sponges. Klewer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, pp. 1441–1505.

    Topsent, E. (1904) Spongiaires des Açores. Résultats des Campagnes Scientifiques accomplies sur son yacht par Albert Ier Prince souverain de Monaco, 25, 1–280, pls. 1–18.

    Vacelet, J. (2006) New carnivorous sponges (Porifera, Poecilosclerida) collected from manned submersibles in the deep Pacific. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 148, 553–584.

    Vacelet, J. (2008) A new genus of carnivorous sponges (Porifera: Poecilosclerida, Cladorhizidae) from the deep N-E Pacific, and remarks on the genus Neocladia. Zootaxa, 1752 (1), 57–65.

    Wilson, H.V. (1904) `The sponges’ (Albatross). Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard College, 30 (1), 1–164, pls. 1–26.

    Wilson, H.V. & Penney, J.T. (1930) A new variety of the hexactinellid sponge Rhabdocalyptus dawsoni (Lambe) and the species of Rhabdocalyptus. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 76 (8), 1–9.