Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Article
Published: 2020-06-09
Page range: 371–402
Abstract views: 81
PDF downloaded: 5

Taxonomy of Iranian Gonatopodinae (Hymenoptera, Dryinidae), with description of a new species

Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, University of Zabol, P.O. Box 98615–538, I.R. Iran.
Tropical Entomology Research Center, Via De Gasperi 10, I–01100 Viterbo, Italy
Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, University of Zabol, P.O. Box 98615–538, I.R. Iran.
Hymenoptera biological control Cicadellidae Chrysidoidea Gonatopus Leafhoppers Opsius Sistan Tamarix wetlands


Gonatopodinae (Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea, Dryinidae) of Iran, were taxonomically reviewed. A recent sampling in South-Eastern Iran has led to the identification of eight species belonging to three different genera, Echthrodelphax Perkins (one species), Gonatopus Ljungh (six species), and Haplogonatopus Perkins (one species). A new species, Gonatopus opsiicida Rakhshani & Olmi sp. nov. is described and Illustrated. It was found  in association with leafhoppers on Tamarix stricta Boiss., in Hamoon international wetlands (Sistan, Iran). Two species, E. tauricus Ponomarenko and G. lunatus Klug, are recorded for the first time from Iran A description was also provided for the previously recorded species. The key for identification and distribution maps are also provided for the known species of Gonatopodinae in Iran.



  1. Abdul-Nour, H. (1976) Les Dryininae du sud de la France (Hym., Dryininae). Notes taxonomiques et biologiques; description de deux nouveaux genres. Annales de Zoologie-Ecologie Animale, 8, 265–278.

    Azevedo, C.O., Madl, M. & Olmi, M. (2010) A catalogue of the Bethylidae, Chrysididae, Dryinidae, Embolemidae, Sclerogibbidae and Scolebythidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea) of the Malagasy Subregion. Linzer Biologische Beiträge, 42, 845–918.

    Azevedo, C.O., Alencar, I.D.C.C., Ramos, M.S., Barbosa, D.N., Colombo, W.D., Vargas, J.M. & Lim, J. (2018) Global guide to the flat wasps (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae). Zootaxa, 4489 (1), 1–294.

    Derafshan, H.A., Rakhshani, E., Olmi, M. & Vafaei, M. (2017) Discovery of the genus Mirodryinus Ponomarenko, 1972 (Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea, Dryinidae) associated with salt cedar trees in Eastern part of Iran. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 41, 345–353.

    Girolami, V. & Camporese, P. (1994) Prima moltiplicazione in Europa di Neodryinus typhlocybae (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera: Dryinidae) su Metcalfa pruinosa (Say) (Homoptera: Flatidae). Atti del XVII Congresso nazionale italiano di Entomologia, Udine, 13–18 June 1994, pp. 655–658.

    Esaki, T. & Hashimoto, S. (1932) Report on the leaf-hoppers injurious to the rice plant and their natural enemies. No 3. Publication No. 3. Entomological Laboratory, Department of Agriculture, Kyushu Imperial University, 42 pp.

    Guglielmino, A. (2002) Dryinidae (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea): an interesting group among the natural enemies of the Auchenorrhyncha (Hemiptera). Denisia 04, Zugleich Kataloge des Oberösterreichischen Landesmuseums Linz, Neue Folge, 176, 549–556.

    Guglielmino, A. & Olmi, M. (2007) A host-parasite catalog of world Dryinidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea): second supplement. Bollettino di Zoologia agraria e Bachicoltura, Series II, 39, 121–129.

    Guglielmino, A. & Olmi, M. (2014) Revision of the Afrotropical species of Gonatopus group 3 (Hymenoptera: Dryinidae), with description of a new species from Ghana. Zootaxa, 3802 (1), 35–50.

    Guglielmino, A., Olmi, M. & Bückle, C. (2013) An updated host-parasite catalogue of world Dryinidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea). Zootaxa, 3740 (1), 1–113.

    Guglielmino, A., Olmi, M., Marletta, A. & Speranza, S. (2018a) A new species of the genus Gonatopus Ljungh from the USA (Hymenoptera, Dryinidae). ZooKeys, 747, 63–69.

    Guglielmino, A., Olmi, M. & Speranza, S. (2018b) Description of Gonatopus xui sp. n. from India (Hymenoptera: Dryinidae). Redia, 101, 31–33.

    Hines, H.M., Witkowski, P., Wilson, J.S. & Wakamatsu, K. (2017) Melanic variation underlies aposematic color variation in two hymenopteran mimicry systems. PloS ONE, 12 (7), e0182135.

    Jurine, L. (1807) Nouvelle méthode de classer les Hyménoptères et les Diptères, 1. Hyménoptères. Paschoud, Genève, 319 pp.

    Kawada, R, Lanes, G.O. & Azevedo, C.O. (2015) Evolution of metapostnotum in flat wasps (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae): implications for homology assessments in Chrysidoidea. PLoS ONE, 10, e0140051.

    Kieffer, J.J. (1904) Description de nouveaux Dryininae et Bethylinae du Musée Civique de Génes. Annali del Museo civico di Storia naturale di Genova, 41, 351–412.

    Kieffer, J.J. & Marshall, T.A. (1905) Proctotrypidae. In: André, E. (Ed.), Species des Hyménoptères d’Europe et d’Algerie. Vol. 9. Hermann, Paris, pp. 65–288.

    Kieffer, J.J. & Marshall, T.A. (1906) Proctotrypidae. In: André, E. (Ed.), Species des Hyménoptères d’Europe et d’Algerie. Vol. 9. Hermann, Paris, pp. 289–552.

    Klug, J.C.F. (1810) Ueber die Ljunghsche Piezaten-gattung Gonatopus. Beiträge zur Naturkunde, 2, 164–165.

    Lapeva-Gjonova, A., Gjonov, I., Olmi, M. & Guglielmino, A. (2018) New records of the family Dryinidae (Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea) from Bulgaria with an updated checklist. North-Western Journal of Zoology, 14 (2), 243–246.

    Ljungh, S.J. (1810) Gonatopus, novum insectorum genus. Beiträge zur Naturkunde, 2, 161–163.

    Mita, T. & Matsumoto, Y. (2012) First description of the male of Gonatopus javanus (RCL Perkins) determined by mitochondrial COI sequence (Hymenoptera: Dryinidae). Entomological Science, 15, 214–218.

    Mita, T., Sanada-Morimura, S., Matsumura, M. & Matsumoto, Y. (2013) Genetic variation of two apterous wasps Haplogonatopus apicalis and H. oratorius (Hymenoptera: Dryinidae) in East Asia. Applied Entomology and Zoology, 48, 119–124.

    Mora-Kepfer, F. & Espinoza, A.M. (2009) Parasitism and predation of the planthopper Tagosodes orizicolus (Homoptera: Delphacidae) by a dryinid parasitoid in Costa Rica. Revista de Biologia Tropical, 57 (Supplement 1), 203–211.

    Olmi, M. (1984) A revision of the Dryinidae (Hymenoptera). Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 37, I–XII + 1–1913.

    Olmi, M. (1991[1989]) Supplement to the revision of the world Dryinidae (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Frustula Entomologica, New Series, 12 (25), 109–395.

    Olmi, M. (1992) Contribution to the knowledge of the Gonatopodinae (Hymenoptera Dryinidae). Bollettino dell’Istituto di Entomologia dell’Università di Bologna, 46, 109–122.

    Olmi, M. (1994) The Dryinidae and Embolemidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea) of Fennoscandia and Dennmark. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica, 30, 1–100.

    Olmi, M. (1999) Hymenoptera Dryinidae-Embolemidae. In: Fauna d’Italia. Vol. 37. Edizioni Calderini, Bologna, pp. 1–425.

    Olmi, M. (2008) Order Hymenoptera, family Dryinidae. In: van Harten, A. (Ed.), Arthropod fauna of the UAE. Vol. 1. Dar Al Ummah Printing, Abu Dhabi, pp. 361–371.

    Olmi, M. (2020) Biodiversity of the aculeate wasps (Hymenoptera: Aculeata) of the Arabian Peninsula: Chrysidoidea, Dryinidae. Zootaxa, 4754 (1), 122–128.

    Olmi, M. & van Harten, A. (2000) Notes on Dryinidae, Embolemidae and Sclerogibbidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea) of Yemen, with keys to the species of the Arabian Peninsula. Fauna of Arabia, 18, 253–271.

    Olmi, M. & Guglielmino, A. (2013) Description of Gonatopus rileyi sp. nov. from Arkansas (Hymenoptera: Dryinidae). The Pan-Pacific Entomologist, 89 (2), 79–83.

    Olmi, M. & Virla, E.G. (2014) Dryinidae of the Neotropical region (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea). Zootaxa, 3792 (1), 1–534.

    Olmi, M. & Xu, Z. (2015) Dryinidae of the Eastern Palaearctic region (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea). Zootaxa, 3996 (1), 1–253.

    Olmi, M., van Noort, S. & Guglielmino, A. (2016) Contribution to the knowledge of Afrotropical Dryinidae, Embolemidae and Sclerogibbidae (Hymenoptera), with description of new species from Central African Republic and Uganda. ZooKeys, 578, 45–95.

    Olmi, M., Copeland, R.S. & Van Noort, S. (2019). Dryinidae of the Afrotropical region (Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea). Zootaxa, 4630 (1), 1–619.

    Perkins, R.C.L. (1903) The leafhopper of the sugar cane. Territory of Hawaii, Board of Agriculture and Forest, Division of Entomology, Bulletin, 1, 1–38.

    Perkins, R.C.L. (1905) Leafhoppers and their natural enemies (Pt. I. Dryinidae). Report of Work of the Experiment Station of the Hawaiian Sugar Planters’ Association, Division of Entomology, Bulletin No. 1 (I), 1–69.

    Ponomarenko, N.G. (1970) [New species of dryinids (Hymenoptera, Dryinidae) in the European areas of the USSR]. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie, 49 (2), 423–433. [in Russian]

    Ponomarenko, N.G. (1972) [On the fauna of dryinids (Hymenoptera, Dryinidae) of the Mongolian People’s Republic]. [Insects of Mongolia], 1, 673–680. [in Russian]

    Quicke, D.L.J. (2015) Biology, Systematics, Evolution and Ecology of Braconid and Ichneumonid Parasitoid Wasps. Wiley Blackwell, Chichester, 688 pp.

    Rohlf, F.J. (2006) TPSDig. Version 2.05. Department of Ecology and Evolution State University of New York. Stony Brook, New York. [program]

    Shorthouse, D.P. (2010) SimpleMappr, an online tool to produce publication-quality point maps. Available from: (accessed 3 July 2019)

    Speranza, S., Olmi, M., Guglielmino, A. & Contarini, M. (2019) Gonatopus jaliscanus sp. n., a new pincer wasp from Jalisco, Mexico (Hymenoptera, Dryinidae). ZooKeys, 818, 35–42.

    Thunberg, C.P. (1827) Gelis insecti genus descriptum. Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis, IX, 199–204.

    Tribull, C. (2015) Phylogenetic relationships among the subfamilies of Dryinidae (Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea) as reconstructed by molecular sequencing. Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 45, 15–29.

    van Achterberg, C. (2009) Can Townes type Malaise traps be improved? Some recent developments. Entomologische Berichten, 69, 129–135.

    Vigna Taglianti, A., Audisio, P.A., Biondi, M., Bologna, M.A., Carpaneto, G.M., De Biase, A., Fattorini, S., Piattella, E., Sindaco, R., Venchi, A. & Zapparoli, M. (1999) A proposal for a chorotype classification of the Near East fauna, in the framework of the Western Palearctic region. Biogeographia, 20, 31–59.

    Xu, Z., Olmi, M. & He, J. (2013) Dryinidae of the Oriental region (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea). Zootaxa, 3614 (1), 1–460.