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Type: Article
Published: 2020-09-28
Page range: 160–195
Abstract views: 85
PDF downloaded: 5

Life stages and phylogenetic position of the wool carder bee mite Sennertionyx manicati (Acari: Acaridae)

Plant Health & Environment Laboratory, Ministry for Primary Industries, New Zealand
Plant Health & Environment Laboratory, Ministry for Primary Industries, New Zealand
Plant Health & Environment Laboratory, Ministry for Primary Industries, New Zealand
Acari Astigmata Acaroidea life cycle ontogeny phylogeny


In mites of the family Acaridae, usually two developmental stages, adult (males, females) and deutonymphal stage (=hypopus) are used for diagnostic descriptions. Because these taxonomically important stages live in different habitats (i.e. deutonymphs are phoretic on a hymenopteran host, while adults live inside the nest of the host), one of these can be missing or they cannot be confidently corelated with each other. Sennertionyx manicati (Acari: Acaridae) was only known from hypopus. Herein, we describe all post-embryonic stages of S. manicati based on material obtained from a nest of Anthidium manicatum in Auckland, New Zealand, and provide a key to all life stages of this species. We also conducted a phylogenetic analysis of the 18S gene and the D2/D3 region of 28S genes from field-collected specimens and GenBank data. The molecular analysis indicated the New Zealand specimen shared the identical 18S and 99.5% identity of the D2D3 region of 28S sequences with S. manicati from Italy, and clustered together in the phylogenetic trees.



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