Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Article
Published: 2020-09-29
Page range: 135–143
Abstract views: 79
PDF downloaded: 3

Rediscovery of Glenurus incalis Banks (Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae), and notes on the Brazilian species of Glenurus Hagen

Universidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR), Departamento de Zoologia, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil.
Neuroptera antlion new records distribution map lacewings


The antlion species, Glenurus incalis Banks is the most enigmatic species of this New World genus. It was described almost 100 years ago based on a single female collected in the Peruvian Amazon, which until today remained as the only known specimen. Herein I report four new specimens of Glenurus incalis, which were used to thoroughly redescribe the species and to expand its distribution to Brazil. Notes on the other Brazilian species of Glenurus is also presented, including the first record of G. heteropteryx Gerstaecker to the country.



  1. Ardila-Camacho, A., Díaz, C.J.A. & Noriega, J.A. (2014) First Record of Glenurus heteropteryx Gerstaecker, 1885 (Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae) from Colombia. Checklist, 10 (3), 692–693.

    Badano, D., Miller, R.B. & Stange, L.A. (2018) Rediscovery and revision of the antlion genus Ripalda Navás within a phylogeny of Nemoleontini (Neuroptera, Myrmeleontidae). Invertebrate Systematics, 32, 933–949.

    Banks, N. (1922) South America Glenurus and some other Myrmeleonidae. Canadian Entomologist, 54, 58–60.

    Giacomino, M. (2015) Contribution à la connaissance des Neuroptera des Antilles françaises: l. Les Myrmeleontinae de Guadeloupe (Neuroptera Myrmeleontidae). Entomologiste, 71, 153–156.

    Machado, R.J.P. & Martins, C.C. (2020) Myrmeleontidae in Catálogo Taxonômico da Fauna do Brasil. PNUD. Available from: (accessed 17 July 2020)

    Machado, R.J.P., Gillung, J.P., Winterton, S.L., Garzón-Orduña, I.J., Lemmon, A.R., Lemmon, E.M. & Oswald, J.D. (2019) Owlflies are derived antlions: anchored phylogenomics supports a new phylogeny and classification of Myrmeleontidae (Neuroptera). Systematic Entomology, 44, 418–450.

    Miller, R.B. & Stange, L.A. (2006) An antlion, Glenurus gratus (Say) (Insecta: Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae). University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences[IFAS] Extension, EENY Publication Series, 393, 1–4.

    Navás, L. (1920) Algunos insectos del Brasil. 1.a serie. Revista do Museu Paulista, 12, 411–417.

    Navás, L. (1923) Algunos insectos del Brasil. 2.a série. Revista do Museu Paulista, 13, 767–774.

    Oswald, J.D. (2019) Neuropterida Species of the World. URL. Available from: (accessed 17 July 2020)

    Petko, O., Smith, P., Stange, L.A. & Rios, S.D. (2016) New antlion records (Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae) from Paraguay. Insecta Mundi, 487, 1–8.

    Stange, L.A. (2000) Observations on the biology of the antlion genus Glenurus Hagen (Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae). Insecta Mundi, 14, 228.

    Stange, L.A. (2002) Family Myrmeleontidae. In: Penny, N.D. (Ed.), A Guide to the Lacewings (Neuroptera) of Costa Rica. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, 53 (4), 275–289.

    Stange, L.A. (2004) A systematic catalog, bibliography and classification of the world antlions (Insecta: Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae). Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 74, 1–565.

    Stange, L.A. (2010) Preliminary report on the Myrmeleontidae (Neuroptera) of Paraguay. Insecta Mundi, 114, 1–14.