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Type: Article
Published: 2020-11-26
Page range: 395–422
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Revision of Chaetacanthus Seidler, 1922 (Annelida, Phyllodocida, Polynoidae)

Departamento de Ingenierías, Tecnológico Nacional de México, Instituto Tecnológico de Bahía de Banderas, Nayarit, México.
El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, Depto. Sistemática y Ecología Acuática, Chetumal, Quintana Roo, México.
El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, Depto. Sistemática y Ecología Acuática, Chetumal, Quintana Roo, México.
Annelida Lepidonotinae scaleworms Eastern Pacific Central Pacific Grand Caribbean


The polynoid genus Chaetacanthus Seidler, 1922 currently includes three nominal species provided with parapodial branchiae. Members of this taxon have palps with longitudinal rows of papillae, notochaetae abundant and neurochaetae spinulose. Most Chaetacanthus species were originally described as belonging to Lepidonotus Leach, 1816, and some of them were later regarded as subjective synonyms of Iphione magnifica Grube, 1876, the type species for Chaetacanthus. This species was described from the Caribbean Sea and later recorded for the tropical Eastern Pacific. After the supposed Amphi-American distribution, a revision of all available material was performed in order to clarify the generic delineation, and to improve the understanding of species systematics. Further, some non-type specimens collected in Panama allowed us to have a better understanding of the variation of elytral shape and ornamentation along the body. The type material of Polynoe brasiliensis de Quatrefages, 1866 was examined and despite its poor condition, it shows parapodial branchial filaments which were overlooked in the original description; these branchiae are also present in the holotype of I. magnifica. We identify that there are no relevant difference between both species, and they are regarded as synonyms, and Chaetacanthus brasiliensis (de Quatrefages, 1866) is newly combined and is the senior synonym. On the other hand, Chaetacanthus pilosus (Treadwell, 1937), from the Eastern Pacific, and C. pomareae (Kinberg, 1856) from the South Central Pacific are redescribed, and C. harrisae n. sp., and C. ornatus n. sp. are both newly described from the Eastern Pacific. A key to identify all species of Chaetacanthus of the World, together with an appendix for the reversal of precedence of Lepidonotus Leach, 1816 over Eumolpe Oken, 1807 are also included.



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