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Type: Article
Published: 2020-12-03
Page range: 347–360
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Report of ciliate-bryozoan-crustacean hyperepibiosis on crab (Decapoda: Brachyura) from west coast of India, Arabian Sea

Crescent International School, Bario, Govindpur, Dhanbad 828109, Jharkhand, India.
A.O. Kovalevsky Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas of Russian Academy of Sciences, 2, Nakhimov ave., Sevastopol, 299011, Russia.
Departmento de Zoologia, Centro de Biociências, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Av. Prof. Moraes Rego 1235, Cidade Universitaria, 50670-901 Recife, PE, Brazil.
CSIR—National Institute of Oceanography, Dona Paula, Goa, 403004, India.
CSIR—National Institute of Oceanography, Dona Paula, Goa, 403004, India.
Protist Hyperepibiosis ciliates bryozoan crab Arabian Sea


Epibiosis is a common phenomenon, found in different taxa of aquatic animals. This relationship could occur as hyperepibiosis, when a basibiont being also an epibiont, providing a stable substrate for the hypersymbiont. Here we reported a ciliate-bryozoan-crustacean hyperepibiosis in Mandovi River mouth, Goa, West coast of India. We provided descriptions and characterization of the crab Atergatis sp., serving as basibiont for the bryozoan Triticella pedicellata (Alder, 1857), in turn colonized with (hyperepibionts) the ciliates Paracineta saifulae (Mereschkowsky, 1877) and Cothurnia ceramicola Kahl, 1933. Paracineta saifulae and Cothurnia ceramicola are reported here for first time from the Indian Ocean.



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