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Published: 2021-04-09

Mitogenome of Alaudala cheleensis (Passeriformes: Alaudidae) and comparative analyses of Sylvioidea mitogenomes

College of Life Sciences, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710062, China Shaanxi Institute of Zoology, Xi’an 710032, China
School of Biological Sciences and Engineering, Shaanxi University of Technology, Hanzhong 723001, China
Shaanxi Institute of Zoology, Xi’an 710032, China
College of Life Sciences, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710062, China
College of Life Sciences, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710062, China
Shaanxi Institute of Zoology, Xi’an 710032, China
Aves Alaudala cheleensis Alaudidae Sylvioidea mitogenome comparative mitogenomic analysis phylogeny


To gain a better understanding of mitogenome features and phylogenetic relationships in Sylvioidea, a superfamily of Passerida, suborder Passeri, Passeriformes, the whole mitogenome of Alaudala cheleensis Swinhoe (Alaudidae) was sequenced, a comparative mitogenomic analysis of 18 Sylvioidea species was carried out, and finally, a phylogeny was reconstructed based on the mitochondrial dataset. Gene order of the A. cheleensis mitogenome was similar to that of other Sylvioidea species, including the gene rearrangement of cytb-trnT-CR1-trnP-nad6-trnE-remnant CR2-trnF-rrnS. There was slightly higher A+T content than that of G+C in the mitogenome, with an obvious C skew. The ATG codon initiated all protein-coding genes, while six terminating codons were used. The secondary structure of rrnS contained three domains and 47 helices, whereas rrnL included six domains and 60 helices. All tRNAs could be folded into a classic clover-leaf secondary structure except for trnS (AGY). The CR1 could be divided into three domains, including several conserved boxes (C-string, F, E, D, C and B-box, Bird similarity box, CSB1). Comparative analyses within Sylvioidea mitogenomes showed that most mitochondrial features were consistent with that of the A. cheleensis mitogenome. The basal position of the Alaudidae within the Sylvioidea in our phylogenetic analyses is consistent with other recent studies.



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