Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Article
Published: 2021-07-06

New records of deep-sea ascidians (Tunicata, Ascidiacea) from the New Caledonia region

Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, ISYEB, 55 rue Buffon Fr 75005 Paris France.
Ascidiacea deep sea New Caledonia South Pacific Ocean

Abstract

The deep marine bottoms around New Caledonia have been explored for forty years. The Kanacono (2016) and Kanadeep (2019) campaigns organized jointly by the Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle (MNHN) and the Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD) are the complement of this investigation. They are a part of the program “La Planète Revisitée” in New Caledonia. Among the deep sea benthos twenty two ascidian species were collected and three represent new species showing the characteristic adaptations to an abyssal life. The high diversity of the tropical deep sea benthos is enhanced by these new results. No relations are found between littoral ascidians and forms living in the bathyal or abyssal areas.

 

References

  1. Hartmeyer, R. (1906) Ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis der japanischen ascidienfauna. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 31, 1–30.
    Herdman, W.B. (1882) Report on the Tunicata collected during the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876. Part 1. Ascidiae simplices. Report on the Scientific results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger, Zoology, VI, 1–285.
    Kott, P. (1969) Antarctic Ascidiacea. Antarctic Research Series, 13, 1–239.
    Kott, P. (1985) The Australian Ascidiacea. Part 1. Phlebobranchia and Stolidobranchia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 23, 1–440.
    Kott, P. (2002) The genus Herdmania Lahille, 1988 (Tunicata, Ascidiacea) in Australian waters. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 134, 359–374. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1096-3642.2002.00009.x
    Kott, P. (2008) Cialusiidae (Ascidiacea, Tunicata), a monotypic family from deeper waters of the tropical Indo-West Pacific. Zoootaxa, 1742 (1), 47–52. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.1742.1.3
    Millar, R.H. (1963) The structure and relationships of the ascidian Ciallusia longa Van Name. Proceedings of the Zoological Society London, 141 (3), 623–628. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1963.tb06103.x
    Millar, R.H. (1975) Ascidians from the Indo-west Pacific region in the zoological Museum Tunicata Ascidiacea). Steenstrupia, 3, 205–366.
    Millar, R.H. (1982) The marine fauna of New Zealand: Ascidiacea. New Zealand Oceanographic Institute Memoir, 85, 4–117.
    Millar, R.H. (1992) The marine fauna of New Zealand: Ascidiacea. New Zealand Oceanographic Institute Memoir, 85, 1–117.
    Monniot, C. & Monniot, F. (1982) Some Antarctic deep-sea tunicates in the Smithsonian collections. In: Biology of the Antarctic seas. 10. Antarctic Research Series, 32, pp. 95–130. https://doi.org/10.1029/AR032p0095
    Monniot, C. & Monniot, F. (1990) Révision of the class Sorberacea (benthic Tunicates) with description of seven new species. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 99, 239–290. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.1990.tb00562.x
    Monniot, C. & Monniot, F. (1991) Tunicata: peuplements d’ascidies profondes en Nouvelle Calédonie. Diversité des stratégies adaptatives. Mémoires du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle Paris, A, 151, 357–448.
    Monniot, F. (1974) Ascidies littorales et bathyales récoltées au cours de la campagne Biaçores : Aplousobranches. Mémoires du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, Series 3, 251 (173), 1287–1325.
    Monniot, F. (1992) Ascidies de Nouvelle-Calédonie XII Le genre Lissoclinum (Didemnidae) dans le lagon sud. Bulletin national d’Histoire naturelle Paris, 14 A (3–4), 56–5589.
    Monniot, F. & López-Legentil, S. (2017) Deep-Sea ascidians from Papua New Guinea. Zootaxa, 4276 (4), 529–538. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4276.4.5
    Monniot, F. & Monniot, C. (2001) Ascidians from the tropical western Pacific. Zoosystema, 23 (2), 201–383.
    Monniot, F. & Monniot, C. (2003) Ascidies de la pente externe et bathyales de l’ouest Pacifique. Zoosystema, 25 (4), 681–749.
    Monniot, F. & Tatían, M. (2020) Questions on the taxonomic status of species of Protoholozoa Kott, 1969 (Ascidiacea, Aplousobranchia, Holozoidae) with a description of a new genus. Zootaxa, 4718 (2), 261–268. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4718.2.7.
    Nishikawa, T. (1991) The ascidians of the Japan sea II. Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory, 35 (1–3), 25–170. https://doi.org/10.5134/176172
    Sanamyan, K.E. & Sanamyan, N.P. (1999) Some benthic Tunicata from the southern Indo-Pacific Ocean. Journal of Natural history, 33, 1835–1876. https://doi.org/10.1080/002229399299761
    Sluiter, C.P. (1885) Über einige einfache Ascidien on der Insel Billiton. Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandisch Indie, 45, 160–232.
    Sluiter, C.P. (1904) Die Tunicaten der Siboga-Expedition I. Die socialen und holosomen Ascidien. Siboga Expedition, 56 A, 1–139.
    Sluiter, C.P. (1906) Tuniciers. In: Expédition Antarctique Française (1903–1905) commandée par le Dr Jean Charcot. Masson & Cie, Paris, pp. 1–150.
    Tokioka, T. (1971a) The ascidian genera Pterygascidia Sluiter, 1904 and Ciallusia Van Name 1918. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden, 45 (10), 119–125.
    Tokioka, T. (1971b) Redescription of Pterygascidia mirabilis Sluiter 1904 (Ascidiacea, Cionidae) based on the type specimen. Beaufortia, 18, 191–198.
    Van Name, W.G. (1918) Ascidians from the Philippines and adjacent waters. Bulletin of the United States National Museum, 100 (1), 49–174.

  2.  

How to Cite

MONNIOT, F. . (2021). New records of deep-sea ascidians (Tunicata, Ascidiacea) from the New Caledonia region. Zootaxa, 4996(3), 443–468. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4996.3.2