Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Published: 2021-09-15

When unexpected guests come to eat: two new species of Phyllolabis Osten Sacken (Diptera: Limoniidae) collected with carrion-baited traps in the centre of the Iberian Peninsula

Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona, Passeig Picasso s/n, 08003, Barcelona, Spain
Departamento Ciencias de la Vida, Universidad de Alcalá, Madrid, Spain. Department of Life Sciences, Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom
Departamento Ciencias de la Vida, Universidad de Alcalá, Madrid, Spain
Diptera Chioneinae Limnophilinae new species Spain Tipuloidea


Phyllolabis eiroae sp. nov. and P. martinhalli sp. nov. are described from the centre of the Iberian Peninsula. These two remarkable species were collected using carrion-baited traps, running during winter, in several localities of Madrid province (Spain). The two new species are well differentiated from the other Phyllolabis Osten Sacken species recorded from the Iberian Peninsula, P. savtshenkoi Theowald, and those from the west Palaearctic. An identification key to differentiate the three Phyllolabis species occurring in the Iberian Peninsula is provided. The first images of P. savtshenkoi, based on the holotype and a male specimen recorded from a cave located in Jaén (Spain), are also provided.



  1. Alexander, C.P. (1961) The Himalayan species of the genus Phyllolabis Osten Sacken (Diptera: Tipulidae). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London, 113, 139–153.
    Baz, A., Cifrian, B., Díaz Aranda, L.M. & Martín-Vega, D. (2007) The distribution of adult blowflies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) along an altitudinal gradient in central Spain. Annales de la Societe Entomologique de France, 43, 289–296
    Baz, A., Cifrián, B., Martín-Vega, D. & Baena, M. (2010) Phytophagous insects captured in carrion-baited traps in central Spain. Bulletin of Insectology, 63, 21–30.
    Cumming, J.M. & Wood, D.M. (2009) Adult morphology and terminology. In: Brown, B. V., Borkent, A., Cumming, J.M., Wood, D.M., Woodley, N.E. & Zumbado, M.A. (Eds.), Manual of Central American Diptera. Vol. 1. NRC Research Press, Ottawa, pp. 9–50.
    Eiroa, E. & Carles-Tolrá, M. (2019) Datos faunísticos nuevos sobre tipuloideos de la Península Ibérica (Diptera: Tipuloidea: Limoniidae, Pediciidae y Tipulidae). Boletín de la Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa, 65, 130–136.
    Gelhaus, J. K. (2009) Tipulidae (Crane Flies, Tipúlidos). In: Brown, B.V., Borkent, A., Cumming, J.M., Wood, DM., Woodley, N.E. & Zumbado, M.A. (Eds.), Manual of Central American Diptera. Vol. 1. NRC Research Press, Ottawa, pp. 193–236.
    Grzywacz, A., Amendt, J. & Fremdt, H. (2016) Seek, and ye shall find – the example of Neohydrotaea lundbecki (Michelsen) (Diptera: Muscidae), a rare muscid species or just ignored so far in forensic entomology? North-Western Journal of Zoology, 12, 196–198.
    Hågvar, S. (2010) A review of Fennoscandian arthropods living on and in snow. European Journal of Entomology, 107, 281–298.
    Koc, H. (2004) Mugla ili Tipulidae ve Limoniidae familyalarinin faunistik ve ekolojik yonden incelenmesi. (Faunistic and investigation of ecological aspects of Tipulidae and Limoniidae families in Mugla province.) Mugla Universitesi Yayinlari, 55 (Rektorluk Yayinlari 35), i–xviii + 1–154.
    Kramer, J. (2004) Some craneflies (Diptera, Tipulidae, Pediciidae and Limoniidae) from the Greek Pelopponese. Dipterists Digest, Series 2, 11, 19–23.
    LeBlanc, H., Boudreau, D.R. & Moreau, G. (2021) Small bait traps may not accurately reflect the composition of necrophagous Diptera associated to remains. Insects, 12 (3), 261.
    Martín-Vega, D., Baz, A. & Michelsen, V. (2010) Back from the dead: Thyreophora cynophila (Panzer, 1798) (Diptera: Piophilidae) ‘globally extinct’ fugitive in Spain. Systematic Entomology, 35, 607–613.
    Martín-Vega, D., Gómez-Gómez, A., Baz, A. & Díaz-Aranda, L.M. (2011) New piophilid in town: the first Palaearctic record of Piophila megastigmata and its coexistence with Piophila casei in central Spain. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 25, 64–69.
    Martín-Vega, D. & Baz, A. (2012) Spatiotemporal distribution of necrophagous beetles (Coleoptera: Dermestidae, Silphidae) assemblages in natural habitats of central Spain. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 105, 44–53.
    Martín-Vega, D. & Baz, A. (2013) Sarcosaprophagous Diptera assemblages in wild habitats from central Spain: spatial and seasonal changes in composition. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 27 (1), 64–76.
    Morón, M.A. & Terrón, R.A. (1984) Distribucion altitudinal y estacional de los insectos necrofilos en la Sierra Norte de Hidalgo, Mexico. Acta Zoologica Mexicana, 3, 1–47.
    Nielsen, P. (1961) Phyllolabis mannheimsiana n.sp. from the Canary Islands (Diptera, Nematocera). Entomologiske Meddelelser, 31, 110–114.
    Ninyerola, M., Pons, X. & Roure, J.M. (2005) Atlas climático digital de la Península Ibérica. Metodología y aplicaciones en bioclimatología y geobotánica. Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra. Available from: (accessed 19 February 2021)
    Oosterbroek, P. (2021) Catalogue of the Craneflies of the World (CCW). Available from: (accessed 19 February 2021)
    Osten-Sacken, C.R. (1877) Western Diptera: Descriptions of new genera and species of Diptera from the region west of the Mississippi and especially from California. Bulletin of the United States Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories, 3, 189–354.
    Podenas, S. & Starý, J. (1997) Two new species of Phyllolabis Osten Sacken from the Alps (Diptera, Limoniidae). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique Suisse, 70, 289–294.
    Podenas, S. & Gelhaus, J.K. (2011) Three new species of Chioneinae crane flies (Diptera: Limoniidae) from north-central Mongolia. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 161, 73–86.
    Podeniene, V. & Gelhaus, J.K. (2014) Immature stages of the crane fly genus Phyllolabis (Diptera: Limoniidae) with discussion of the systematic position of the genus. Abstract, 8th International Congress of Dipterology, 2014, 262.
    Podeniene, V. & Gelhaus, J.K. (2017) The first description of the larva and pupa of crane fly genus Phyllolabis Osten Sacken, 1877 (Diptera, Limoniidae, Limnophilinae), with information for understanding the phylogenetic relationships and systematical position of the genus. Zootaxa, 4365 (5), 559–570.
    Richardson, M.L., Reagel, P.F., Mitchell, R.F. & Whitman, D.W. (2012) Opportunistic carnivory by Romalea microptera (Orthoptera: Acrididae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 105, 28–35.
    Salmela, J. (2008) Semiaquatic fly (Diptera, Nematocera) fauna of fens, springs, headwater streams and alpine wetlands in the northern boreal ecoregion, Finland. W-album, 6, 1–63.
    Salmela, J. (2011) The semiaquatic nematoceran fly assemblages of three wetland habitats and concordance with plant species composition, a case study for subalpine Fennoscandia. Journal of Insect Science, 11 (35), 1–28.
    Starý, J. (1992) Phylogeny and classification of Tipulomorpha, with special emphasis on the family Limoniidae. Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia, 35, 11–36.
    Starý, J. (2014) Additions to the Limoniidae of Israel (Diptera). Israel Journal of Entomology, 43, 149–157.
    Starý, J. (2021) Phylogeny of Tipulomorpha—an endless issue. Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales, 69, 277–281.
    Starý, J. & Delmastro, G.B. (2001) New records of Trichoceridae, Limoniidae and Ptychopteridae from Italy (Insecta, Diptera). Bollettino Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali di Torino, 18, 447–458.
    Starý, J. & Freidberg, A. (2007) The Limoniidae of Israel (Diptera). Israel Journal of Entomology, 37, 301–357.
    Starý, J., Wizen, G. & Freidberg, A. (2012) A new Phyllolabis from Israel with reduced wings and halteres (Diptera: Limoniidae). Israel Journal of Entomology, 41–42, 107–114.
    Theowald, Br. (1981) Neues uber Limoniiden und Tipuliden von Makaronesien (Insecta, Diptera). Bulletin Zoologisch Museum, Universiteit van Amsterdam, 8, 45–50.