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Type: Article
Published: 2021-09-23
Page range: 589-591
Abstract views: 1112
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A proposed order-level classification in Oligochaeta (Annelida, Clitellata)

IfAB, Institute for Applied Soil Biology, Tomberg 24a, 22337 Hamburg, Germany.
University of Gothenburg, Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Box 463, SE-405 30 Göteborg, Sweden.
Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Taxonomy and Phylogeny, 29 rue Vautier, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium
Eurofins/Aquasense, H.J.E. Wenckebachweg 120, 1114 AD Amsterdam-Duivendrecht, Netherlands
Estonian University of Life Sciences, Centre for Limnology, EE-61117 Rannu, Tartumaa, Estonia
Annelida Linnaean classification order-level taxa taxonomy earthworms aquatic oligochaetes


The purpose of our contribution is to propose a robust and practical order-level classification of the families of Oligochaeta, that is, non-leech Clitellata. The order level is mandatory in Linnaean rank-based classification and is also required in many internet-based biodiversity databases. However, it has received little attention in oligochaete systematics, and the few available order-level classifications of Oligochaeta no longer represent phylogenetic relationships adequately. Our proposal is based on corroborated molecular phylogenetic evidence and takes as benchmarks class level for Clitellata, subclass level for Oligochaeta and Hirudinea, and order level for Crassiclitellata, the monophylum that includes most of the earthworm taxa. As a result, eleven orders are proposed: Alluroidida Timm & Martin, 2015; Capilloventrida Timm, n. ordo; Crassiclitellata Jamieson, 1988; Enchytraeida Kasprzak, 1984; Haplotaxida Brinkhurst & Jamieson, 1971; Lumbriculida Brinkhurst & Jamieson, 1971; Moniligastrida Brinkhurst & Jamieson, 1971; Narapida Timm, n. ordo; Parvidrilida Timm, n. ordo; Randiellida Jamieson, 1988; Tubificida Jamieson, 1978. This order-level classification is robust and easily adaptable to future insights into phylogenetic relationships.



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