Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Article
Published: 2021-10-08

Ten new species of marine bryozoans (Gymnolaemata: Cheilostomatida) from Brazil

Laboratório de Estudos de Bryozoa — LAEBry, Departamento de Zoologia, Centro de Biociências, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PE, 50670–901, Brazil. Museu de História Natural, Setor da Zoologia, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, BA, 40170–115, Brazil.
Laboratório de Estudos de Bryozoa — LAEBry, Departamento de Zoologia, Centro de Biociências, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PE, 50670–901, Brazil
Laboratório de Estudos de Bryozoa — LAEBry, Departamento de Zoologia, Centro de Biociências, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PE, 50670–901, Brazil
Bryozoa diversity new combination taxonomy Western Atlantic

Abstract

Despite a recent increase in the number of taxonomic studies on the bryozoan fauna of northeastern Brazil, new discoveries and re-examination of museum specimens allow the continued recognition of new taxa. Here, we describe ten new cheilostome species from the northeastern continental shelf of Brazil based on different museum collections. The new species are: Thalamoporella tupinamba n. sp., Turbicellepora papula n. sp., Plesiocleidochasma brasiliensis n. sp., Plesiocleidochasma infundibulum n. sp., Rhynchozoon turgidum n. sp., Cribrilaria brasiliensis n. sp., Hippoporina titan n. sp., Crepidacantha fasciata n. sp., Crepidacantha browni n. sp., and Hippopodina inarmata n. sp. Some specimens previously reported from northeastern Brazil are here reassigned to the newly described taxa, and two new combinations, Cribrilaria caraguata (Winston & Vieira, 2013) n. comb. and Cribrilaria tuba (Winston & Vieira, 2013) n. comb., are proposed.

 

References

  1. Allman, G.J. (1856) A monograph of the Freshwater Polyzoa, including all the known species, both British and Foreign. The Ray Society, London, 119 pp. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.9143
    Almeida, A.C.S. & Souza, F.B.C. (2014) Two new species of cheilostome bryozoans from the South Atlantic Ocean. Zootaxa, 3753 (3), 283–290. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3753.3.7
    Almeida, A.C.S., Souza, F.B.C., Menegola, C.M.S., Sanner, J. & Vieira, L.M. (2014) Taxonomic review of the family Colatooeciidae Winston, 2005 (Bryozoa, Cheilostomata), with description of seven new species. Zootaxa, 3868 (1), 1–61. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3868.1.1
    Almeida, A.C.S., Alves, O., Peso-Aguiar, M., Dominguez, J. & Souza, F. (2015a) Gymnolaemata bryozoans of Bahia State, Brazil. Marine Biodiversity Records, 8, e120. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1755267215000743
    Almeida, A.C.S., Souza, F.B.C., Sanner, J. & Vieira, L.M. (2015b) Taxonomy of recent Adeonidae (Bryozoa, Cheilostomata) from Brazil, with the description of four new species. Zootaxa, 4013 (3), 348–368. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4013.3.2
    Almeida, A.C.S., Souza, F.B.C., Menegola, C. & Vieira, L.M. (2017) Diversity of marine bryozoans inhabiting demosponges in Northeastern Brazil. Zootaxa, 4290 (2), 281–323. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4290.2.3
    Almeida, A.C.S., Souza, F.B.C., Farias, J., Alves, O.F.S. & Vieira, L.M. (2018) Bryozoa on disarticulated bivalve shells from Todos os Santos Bay, northeastern Brazil, with the description of two new species. Zootaxa, 4434 (3), 401–428. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4434.3.1
    Almeida, A.C.S., Souza, F.B.C. & Vieira, L.M. (2021) Free-living bryozoans (Cheilostomatida, Cupuladriidae) from northeastern and northern Brazil. Zootaxa, 4933 (1), 39–62. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4933.1.2
    Alvarez, J.A. (1990) Notes on two species of the genus Turbicellepora Ryland, 1963 (Bryozoa, Cheilostomida) of the Atlanto-Mediterranean region: T. avicularis (Hincks, 1860) and T. magnicostata (Barroso, 1919). Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 31, 473–483.
    Amaral, A.C.Z, Corte, G.N., Rosa Filho, J.S., Denadai, M.R., Colling, L.A., Borzone, C., Veloso, V., Omena, E.P., Zalmon, I.R., Rocha-Barreira, C.A., Souza, J.R.B., Rosa, L.C. & Almeida, T.C.M. (2016) Brazilian sandy beaches: characteristics, ecosystem services, impacts, knowledge and priorities. Brazilian Journal of Oceanography, 64 (2), 5–16. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1679-875920160933064sp2
    Audouin, J.V. (1826) Explication sommaire des planches de Polypes de l’Egypte et de la Syrie, publieìes par Jules-Ceìsar Savigny. In: Panckoucke, C.L.F. (Ed.), Description de l’Egypte ou receuil des observations et des recherches qui ont eìteì faites en Egyptes pendant l’Expedition de l’Armeìe française ...Histoire naturelle. Imprimerie Impeìriale, Paris, pp. 225–244.
    Berning, B. (2012) Taxonomic notes on some Cheilostomata (Bryozoa) from Madeira. Zootaxa, 3236 (1), 36–54. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3236.1.2
    Bishop, J.D.D. & Househam, B.C. (1987) Puellina (Bryozoa; Cheilostomatida; Cribrilinidae) from British and adjacent waters. Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History, Zoology, 53, 1–63.
    Brown, D.A. (1954) On the polyzoan genus Crepidacantha Levinsen. Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History, Zoology, 2, 243–263. https://doi.org/10.5962/p.271721
    Busk, G. (1852) An Account of the Polyzoa, and Sertularian Zoophytes, collected in the Voyage of the Rattlesnake, on the coasts of Australia and the Louisiade Archipelago, & C. In: MacGillivray, J. (Ed.), Narrative of Voyage of H.M.S. Rattlesnake, commanded by the late Captain Owen Stanley, R.S., F.R.S. &C. during the years 1846–1850; including discoveries and surveys in New Guinea, the Lousiade Archipelago, etc., to which is added the Account of Mr. E. B. Kennedy’s expedition for the exploration of the Cape York Peninsula. Vol. 1. T.W. Boone, London, pp. 343–402 (Appendix IV).
    Busk, G. (1860) Catalogue of the Polyzoa collected by J.Y. Johnson, Esq., at Madeira in the years 1859 and 1860, with descriptions of the new species. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science, 8, 280–285. https://doi.org/10.1242/jcs.s1-8.32.280
    Busk, G. (1884) Report on the Polyzoa collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–1876. Part I. The Cheilostomata. Report on the Scientific Results of HMS Challenger during the years 1873–76, Zoology, 10 (30), i–xxiv + 1–216, 36 pls.
    Canu, F. & Bassler, R.S. (1927) Classification of the cheilostomatous Bryozoa. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 69, 1–42. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00963801.69-2640.1
    Canu, F. & Bassler, R.S. (1928a) Fossil and Recent Bryozoa of the Gulf of Mexico region. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 72, 1–199. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00963801.72-2710.1
    Canu, F. & Bassler, R.S. (1928b) Bryozoaires du Breìsil. Bulletin de la Socieìteì des Sciences de Seine-et-oise, 9, 58–110.
    Canu, F. & Bassler, R.S. (1929) Bryozoa of the Philippine region. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 100, 1–685.
    Canu, F. & Bassler, R.S. (1930) The Bryozoa of the Galapagos Islands. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 76, 1–78. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00963801.76-2810.1
    Chimenz Gusso, C. & Soule, D.F. (2003) First recognized occurrence of the genus Plesiocleidochasma in the Mediterranean region (Bryozoa, Cheilostomatida) with Plesiocleidochasma mediterraneum, new species. Bollettino del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona, 27, 71–76.
    Cook, P.L. (1964) Polyzoa from West Africa. Notes on the genera Hippoporina Neviani, Hippoporella Canu, Cleidochasma Harmer and Hippoporidra Canu & Bassler. Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History, Zoology, 12, 1–35.
    Cook, P.L. (1985) Bryozoa from Ghana. Tervuren, Belgi Koninklijk Museum voor Midden-Afrika. Zoologische Weteschappen, 238, 1–315.
    Cook, P.L., Bock, P.E., Gordon, D.P. & Weaver, H.J. (2018) Australian Bryozoa. Vol. 2. Taxonomy of Australian Families. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne, 314 pp. https://doi.org/10.1071/9781486306831
    Denisenko, N.V. (2016) Two new species of the genus Turbicellepora Ryland, 1963 (Bryozoa: Celleporidae) found on Lophelia coral from the Greenland slope. Zootaxa, 4066 (2), 177–182. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4066.2.7
    Dominguez, J.M.L., Bittencourt, A.C.S.P., Nascimento, L. & Santos, A.N. (2006) Beaches in the State of Bahia: The Importance of geologic setting. In: Short, A.D. & Klein, A.H.F. (Eds.), Brazilian Beach Systems. Coastal Research, Springer International Publishing Switzerland, Cham, pp. 307–332. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-30394-9_12
    Esper, E.J.C. (1796) Fortsetzungen der Pflanzenthiere in Abbil­ dungen nach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet nebst Beschreibungen. Raspischen Buchhandlung, Nürnberg, 230 pp.
    Farias, J., Souza, F.B.C., Vieira, L.M. & Almeida, A.C.S. (2020) On some Smittinidae (Bryozoa, Cheilostomata) from Bahia, northeastern Brazil, with the description of a new species. Marine Biodiversity, 50 (72), 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12526-020-01088-2
    Gabb, W.M. & Horn, G.H. (1862) The fossil Polyzoa of the Secondary and Tertiary Formations of North America. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 5, 111–179.
    Gontar, V.I., Hop, H. & Voronkov, A.Y. (2001) Diversity and distribution of Bryozoa in Kongsfjorden, Svalbard. Polish Polar Research, 22 (3–4), 187–204.
    Gordon, D.P. (2016) Bryozoa of the South China Sea-an overview. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 34 (Supplement), 604–618.
    Harmer, S.F. (1957) The Polyzoa of the Siboga Expedition, Part 4. Cheilostomata Ascophora II. Siboga Expedition Reports, 28, 641–1147.
    Hayward, P.J. (1974) Studies on the cheilostome bryozoan fauna of the Aegean Island of Chios. Journal of Natural History, 8 (4), 369–402. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222937400770321
    Hayward, P.J. (1978) Systematic and morphological studies on some European species of Turbicellepora (Bryozoa, Cheilostomata). Journal of Natural History, 12, 551–590. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222937800770411
    Hincks, T. (1879) On the classification of the British Polyzoa. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 5, 3 (14), 153–164. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222937908682494
    Hincks, T. (1880) Contributions towards a general history of the marine Polyzoa. Part II. Foreign Membraniporina. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 5, 6, 81– 92.
    Hincks, T. (1882) Contributions towards a general history of the marine Polyzoa. Part IX. Foreign Cheilostomata (Miscellaneous). Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 5 (9), 116–127.
    Hincks, T. (1887) On the Polyzoa and Hydroida of the Mergui Archipelago. Journal of the Linnean Society, 21, 121–135. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.1887.tb00970.x
    Hincks, T. (1895) Contributions towards a general History of the marine Polyzoa, 1880–1891. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 8 (44), 169–176. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222939109460395
    Hirose, M. (2017) Diversity of freshwater and marine bryozoans in Japan. In: Motokawa M. & Kajihara, H. (Eds.), Species diversity of animals in Japan, diversity and commonality in animals. Springer, Tokyo, pp. 629–649. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-4-431-56432-4_24
    Johnston, G. (1838) A History of British Zoophytes. W.H. Lizars, Edinburgh, 309 pp. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.4834
    Johnston, G. (1847) A History of British Zoophytes. Vols. 1 & 2. Van Voorst, London, 488 pp., LXXIV pls. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.19627
    Jullien, J. (1883) Dragages du ‘Travailleur’. Bryozoaires, EspeÌces dragueìes dans l’Oceìan Atlantique en 1881. Bulletin de la Socieìteì Zoologique de France, 7, 497–529. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.4721
    Jullien, J. (1886) Les Costulidées, nouvelle famille de Bryozoaires. Bulletin de la Sociét zoologique de France, 11, 601–620.
    Lagaaij, R. (1952) The Pliocene Bryozoa of the Low Countries and their bearing marine stratigraphy of the North Sea region. Mededelingen van de Geologische Stichting, 5, 1–233.
    Levinsen, G.M.R. (1902) Studies on Bryozoa. Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra den naturhistoriske Foreningi København, 54, 1–31.
    Levinsen, G.M.R. (1909) Morphological and systematic studies on the cheilostomatous Bryozoa. Nationale Forfatterers Forlag, Copenhagen, 431 pp. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.54983
    Livingstone, A.A. (1926) Studies on Australian Bryozoa. No. 3. Records of the Australian Museum, 15, 79–99. https://doi.org/10.3853/j.0067-1975.15.1926.801
    Lorenz, L.V. (1886) Bryozoen von Jan Mayen. Die Internationale Polarforschung 1882–83. Die Österreichische Polarstation Jan Mayen, Band III, 83–100.
    MacGillivray, P.H. (1895) A monograph of the Tertiary Polyzoa of Victoria. Transactions of the Royal Society of Victoria, 4, 1–166. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.6076
    Machado, A.J. & Souza, F.B.C. (1994) Principais espécies de foraminíferos e briozoários do Atol das Rocas. Revista Brasileira de Geociências, 24 (4), 247–261. https://doi.org/10.25249/0375-7536.1994247261
    Machado, A.J., Souza, F.B.C. & Kikuchi, R.K.P. (1999) Incrustações de organismos em substrato artificial submerso no Atol das Rocas durante um período de verão. Acta Geologica Leopoldensia, 22 (48), 69–85.
    Marcus, E. (1937) Bryozoarios marinhos brasileiros I. Boletim da Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras da Universidade de SaÞo Paulo, Zoologia, 1, 5–224. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.2526-4877.bsffclzoologia.1937.113912
    Marcus, E. (1939) Bryozoarios Marinhos Brasileiros, 3. Boletim da Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras da Universidade de SaÞo Paulo, Zoologia, 3, 111–353. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.2526-4877.bsffclzoologia.1939.114101
    Marcus, E. (1955) Notas Sobre Briozoos Marinhos Brasileiros. Arquivos do Museu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro, 42 (1), 273–341.
    Martha, S.O., Vieira, L.M., Souto-Derungs, J., Grischenko, A.V., Gordon, D.P. & Ostrovsky, A.N. (2020). Gymnolaemata, Cheilostomata. In: Schwaha, T. (Ed.), Phylum Bryozoa. de Gruyter, Berlin, pp. 317–423. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110586312-011
    McCann, L.D., Hitchcock, N.G, Winston, J.E. & Ruiz, G.M. (2007) Non-native bryozoans in coastal embayments of the Southern United States: new records for the Western Atlantic. Bulletin of Marine Science, 80 (2), 319–342.
    Moyano, G.H.I. (1973) Briozoos marinos Chilenos I. Briozoos de la Islas de Pascua I. Gayana Zoologia, 25, 1–22.
    Neviani, A. (1895) Briozoi Eocenici del calcare nummulitico di Mosciano presso Firenze. Bolletino della Societ Geologica Italiana, 14, 119–127.
    Osburn, R.C. (1940) Bryozoa of Porto Rico with a resume of West Indian Bryozoan fauna. Scientific Survey of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands, 16, 321–486.
    Osburn, R.C. (1952) Bryozoa of the Pacific coast of America, Part 2. Cheilostomata, Ascophora. Report of the Allan Hancock Pacific Expeditions, 14, 271–611.
    Ostrovsky, A.N. (2013) Evolution of Sexual Reproduction in Marine Invertebrates. Example of Gymnolaemate Bryozoans. Springer, Dordrecht, XXXII + 356 pp. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-7146-8
    Pillai, S.R.M. (1978) A new species of Hippoporina (Ectoprocta, Ascophora) from Bombay coast. Current Science, 47 (2), 61–63. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00473162
    Pizzaferri, C. & Berning, B. (2007) Taxonomic notes on some cheilostome Bryozoa from the Pliocene of the Western Emilia region (N Italy). Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, 113 (1), 97–108. https://doi.org/10.13130/2039-4942/6361
    Ramalho, L.V., Taylor, P.D., Moraes, F.C., Moura, R., Amado-Filho, G.M. & Bastos, A.C. (2018) Bryozoan framework composition in the oddly shaped reefs from Abrolhos Bank, Brazil, south-western Atlantic: taxonomy and ecology. Zootaxa, 4483 (1), 155–186. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4483.1.6
    Rodrigues, M.J.S., Almeida, A.C.S. & Vieira, L.M. (2020) New species of Stylopoma (Bryozoa, Cheilostomata) from Bahia State, northeastern Brazil. Zootaxa, 4786 (4), 516–534. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4786.4.4
    Rosso, A., Beuck, L., Vertino, A., Sanfilippo, R. & Freiwald, A. (2018) Cribrilinids (Bryozoa, Cheilostomata) associated with deep-water coral habitats at the Great Bahama Bank slope (NW Atlantic), with description of new taxa. Zootaxa, 4524 (4), 401–439. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4524.4.1
    Ryland, J.S. (1963) Systematic and biologic studies on Polyzoa (Bryozoa) from western Norway. Sarsia, 14, 1–59. https://doi.org/10.1080/00364827.1963.10409518
    Smitt, F.A. (1867) [1868?] Kritisk förteckning öfver Skandinaviens Hafs-Bryozoer (II). Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar, 23, 395–533, pls. 3–13.
    Smitt, F.A. (1873) Floridan Bryozoa collected by Count L.F. de Pourtales, Part 2. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar, 11 (4), 1–8.
    Soule, D.F & Soule, J.D. (1970) New species of Thalamoporella (Ectoprocta) from Hawaii, examined by scanning electron microscopy. American Museum Novitates, 2417, 1–18.
    Soule, J.D., Soule, D.F. & Chaney, H.W. (1991) New tropical Pacific and Indian Ocean Cleidochasmatidae (Cheilostomata: Ascophora). In: Bigey, F.P. & d’Hondt, J.-L. (Eds.), Bryozoaires Actuels et Fossiles: Bryozoa Living and Fossil (Bulletin de la Societe des Sciences Naturelles de l’Ouest de la France Mémoire HS 1). Sociét des Sciences Naturelles de l’Ouest de la France, Nantes, pp. 465–486.
    Soule, D.F., Soule, J.D. & Chaney, H.W. (1992) The genus Thalamoporella worldwide (Bryozoa, Anasca): Morphology, evolution and speciation. Irene McCulloch Foundation Monograph Series, 1, 1–93.
    Souza, F.B.C. & Almeida, A.C.S. (2017) Briozoários Marinhos. In: Nunes, J.M.C. & Matos, M.R.B. (Orgs.), Litoral Norte da Bahia: CaracterizaçaÞo ambiental, biodiversidade e conservaçaÞo. EDUFBA, Salvador, pp. 253–268.
    Tilbrook, K.J. (1999) Description of Hippopodina feegeensis and three other species of Hippopodina Levinsen, 1909 (Bryozoa: Cheilostomatida). Journal of Zoology, 247, 449–456.
    shttps://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1999.tb01008.x
    Vieira, L.M., Migotto, A.E. & Winston, J.E. (2008) Synopsis and annotated checklist of Recent marine Bryozoa from Brazil. Zootaxa, 1810 (1), 1–39. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.1810.1.1
    Vieira, L.M., Gordon, D.P., Souza, F.B.C. & Haddad, M.A. (2010) New and little-known cheilostomatous Bryozoa from the south and southeastern Brazilian continental shelf and slope. Zootaxa, 2722 (1), 1–53. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.2722.1.1
    Vieira, L.M., Almeida, A.C.S. & Winston, J.E. (2016) Taxonomy of intertidal cheilostome Bryozoa of Maceió, northeastern Brazil. Part 1: Suborders Inovicellina, Malacostegina and Thalamoporellina. Zootaxa, 4097 (1), 59–083.
      https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4097.1.3 
    Vieira, L.M., Nascimento, K.B. & Almeida, A.C.S. (2021) Bryozoa in Catálogo Taxonômico da Fauna do Brasil. PNUD. Available from: https://fauna.jbrj.gov.br/fauna/faunadobrasil (accessed 31 January 2021)
    Vital, H., Silveira, I.M., Tabosa, W.F., Lima, Z.M.C., Lima-Filho, F.P., Souza, F.E.S., Chaves, M.S., Pimenta, F.M. & Gomes, M.P. (2016) Beaches of Rio Grande do Norte. In: Short, A.D. & Klein, A.H.F. (Eds.), Brazilian Beach Systems. Coastal Research, Springer International Publishing Switzerland, Cham, pp. 307–332. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-30394-9_8
    Moll, J.P.C. von (1803) Eschara, ex Zoophytorum, seu, Phyto­zoorum Ordine Pulcherrimum ac notatu Dignissimum Genus, Novis Speciebus Auctum, Methodice Descriptum et Iconibus ad Naturam Delineates Illustratum. Camesiniana edit, Wien, 70 pp.
    Winston, J.E. (1984) Shallow-water bryozoans of Carrie Bow Bay, Belize. American Museum Novitates, 2799, 1–38.
    Winston, J.E. (2005) Re-description and revision of Smitt’s “Floridan Bryozoa” in the collection of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University. Virginia Museum of Natural History Memoir, 7, 1–147.
    Winston, J.E. (2016) Bryozoa of Floridan Oculina reefs. Zootaxa, 4071 (1), 1–81. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4071.1.1
    Winston, J.E. & Håkansson, E. (1986) The interstitial fauna of the Capron Shoals, Florida. American Museum Novitates, 2865, 1–98.
    Winston, J.E. & Heimberg, B.F. (1986) Bryozoans from Bali, Lombok, and Komodo. American Museum Novitates, 2847, 1–49.
    Winston, J.E. & Jackson, J.B. (2021) Coral reef-associated bryozoans of Jamaica. Zootaxa, 4988 (1), 1–281. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4988.1.1
    Winston, J.E. & Vieira, L.M. (2013) Systematics of interstitial encrusting bryozoans from southeastern Brazil. Zootaxa, 3710 (2), 101–146. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3710.2.1
    Winston, J.E. & Woollacott, R.M. (2009) Scientific Results of the Hassler Expedition. Bryozoa. No.1. Barbados. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 159 (5), 239–300. https://doi.org/10.3099/0027-4100-159.5.239
    Winston, J.E., Vieira, L.M. & Woollacott, R.M. (2014) Scientific results of the Hassler expedition. Bryozoa. No. 2. Brazil. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 161 (5), 139–239. https://doi.org/10.3099/MCZ14.1
    Wood, S.V. (1844) Descriptive catalogue of the zoophytes of the Crag. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 1, 13 (81), 10–21. https://doi.org/10.1080/03745484409442561

How to Cite

ALMEIDA, A. C. ., LARRÉ, I. R. ., & VIEIRA, L. M. . (2021). Ten new species of marine bryozoans (Gymnolaemata: Cheilostomatida) from Brazil. Zootaxa, 5048(4), 511–537. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.5048.4.3