Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Published: 2021-10-14

Taxonomic notes concerning the genus Catharsius Hope, 1837 (Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae)

African Natural History Research Trust, Street Court, Kingsland, Leominster HR6 9QA, UK.
Coleoptera taxonomy synonymy Africa Asia Harold Shipp Péringuey Ferreira


Catharsius harpagus Harold, 1877 and Catharsius parafastidiosus Ferreira, 1971, both previously considered to belong to the Afrotropical fauna, are herein synonymised with the Asian Catharsius birmanensis Lansberge, 1874 in what are the first cases of transcontinental mislabelling within this genus. This leaves the C. harpagus sensu Ferreira, 1960 (nec Harold) without a name, and Catharsius haroldi sp. nov. is thus described herein. Catharsius convexiusculus (Shipp, 1897) is transferred to the genus Metacatharsius Paulian, 1939, and Metacatharsius omoensis (Müller, 1941) is restored to its original combination in the genus Catharsius.



  1. Balthasar, V. (1965) Monographie der Untergattung Metacatharsius Paul. (Gattung Catharsius Hope) (Coleoptera). Entomologische Abhandlungen Museum für Tierkunde Dresden, 31 (1), 1–48.
    Boheman, C.H. (1857) Insecta Caffraria annis 1838–1845 a J.A.Wahlberg collecta amici auxilios sultus descripsit. Pars II. Coleoptera (Scarabaeidae). Officina Norstedtiana, Holmiae, 395 pp.
    Donaldson Smith, A. (1897) Through Unknown African Countries. Edward Arnold, London, 471 pp.
    Ferreira, M.C. (1960) Revisão das especies Etiopicas do subgenera Catharsius s. str. Revista Entomologia Moçambique, 3 (2), 155–270.
    Ferreira, M.C. (1964a) Contribuição para o estudo dos Escarabídeos Africanos. Novos Taxa Entomológicos, 35, 3–9.
    Ferreira, M.C. (1964b) Contribuição para o estudo das espécies Africanas do subgénero Metacatharsius Paulian (Coleoptera Scarabaeidae, Género Catharsius Hope). Revista de Entomologia de Moçambique, 7 (2), 381–450.
    Ferreira, M.C. (1967) Os Escarabídeos de Moçambique. I. Revista de Entomologia de Moçambique, 10 (1–2), 5–778.
    Ferreira, M.C. (1971) Contribuição para o estudo dos Escarabídeos Africanos. Descrição de uma espécie nova de Catharsius s. str. Novos Taxa Entomológicos, 96, 5–6.
    Ferreira, M.C. (1972) Os Escarabideos de Africa (sul do Saara). I. Revista de Entomologia de Moçambique, 11, 5–1088.
    Forgie, S.A., Grebennikov, V.V. & Scholtz, C.H. (2002) Revision of Sceliages Westwood, a millipede-eating genus of southern African dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Invertebrate Systematics, 16, 931–955.
    Frey, G. (1974) Neue Lamellicornia aus der Zoologischen Staatssammlung in München. Entomologische Arbeiten aus dem Museum G. Frey, 25, 276–280.
    Génier, F. (2017) Taxonomic notes on two Southern African Catharsius Hope, 1837 (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Scarbaeinae). Catharisus La Revue, 16, 1–10.
    Génier, F. & Josso, J.-F. (2016) Notes on Afrotropical Catharsius species described by Edgar von Harold (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae, Scarabaeinae). Zootaxa, 4072 (3), 333–342.
    Gillet, J.J. (1911) Pars 38. Scarabaeidae: Coprinae. I. In: Schenkling, S. (Ed.), Coleopterorum Catalogus, W. Junk, Berlin, pp. 3–100.
    Harold, E. von (1877) Coleopterorum species novae. Mittheilungen der Münchner entomologischen Verein, 1, 97–111.
    Horn, W., Kahle, I., Friese, G. & Gaedike, R. (1990) Collectiones Entomologicae. Akademie der Landwirtschaftswissenschaften der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik, Berlin, 573 pp.
    Jordan, K. (1897) Appendix I. Coleoptera. In: Donaldson Smith, A., Through Unknown African Countries. Edward Arnold, London, pp. 447–454.
    Josso, J.-F. (2011) Description de quatre nouvelles espèces de Scarabaeidae de Zambie, appartenant aux genres Catharsius Hope, 1837, Copris Müller, 1764, Pleuronitis Lansberge, 1875 et Onthophagus Latreille, 1802. Catharsius La Revue, 3, 1–8.
    Josso, J.-F. & Prévost, P. (2009) Description de trois nouvelles espèces de Catharsius de Zambie et de Tanzanie. Les cahiers Magellanes Hors-série, 31, 1–7.
    Josso, J.-F. & Prévost, P. (2019) Note sur Catharsius phidias (Olivier, 1789); Catharsius africanus Ferreira, 1960; Catharsius platicornis Ferreira, 1960, et description de six espèces nouvelles appartenant au genre Catharsius Hope, 1837 (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Coprini). Catharsius La Revue, 19, 1–24.
    Lansberge, G.W. van (1874) Description de quelque Lamellicornes Coprophages. Coleopterologische Hefte, 12 (2), 4–12.
    Montreuil, O. (1998) Analyse phylogénétique et paraphylie des Coprini et Dichotomiini (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Scénario biogéographique. Annales de la Société Entomolgique de France, Nouvelle Série, 34, 135–148.
    Moretto, P. (2008) Catharsius karlwerneri, nouvelle espèce d’Afrique de l’Est. Révision des Catharsius Hope, 1837 du groupe “heros” (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae). Entomologia Africana, 13 (2), 38–44.
    Moretto, P. (2014) Description de Catharsius genieri, nouvelle espèce d’Afrique de l’Ouest (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Coprini). Entomologia Africana, 19 (2), 59–64.
    Müller, G. (1941) Nuovi Coleotteri dell’Africa orientale. Atti del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Trieste, 14 (23), 319–352.
    Péringuey, L. (1901) Descriptive catalogue of the Coleoptera of South Africa (Lucanidae & Scarabaeidae). Transactions of the South African Philosophical Society, 12 (1), 1–563.
    Pokorný, S., Zídek, J. & Werner, K. (2009) The Giant Dung Beetles of the Genus Heliocopris. Taita Publishers, Hradec Králové, 136 pp.
    Rossini, M. & Vaz-de-Mello, F.Z. (2016) On the identity of Onthophagus columbianus Boucomont, 1932 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae). Zootaxa, 4061 (3), 296–300.
    Shipp, W.J. (1897) Scarabaeidae. In: Donaldson Smith, A., Through Unknown African Countries. Edward Arnold, London, pp. 448–452.
    Silva, F.A.B. & Vaz-de-Mello, F. (2015) A revision of the genus Aphengium Harold, 1868 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae: Ateuchini). Zootaxa, 3955 (4), 505–520.
    Takano, H., László, G.M. & Collins, S.C. (2021) Notes on some Tanzanian butterfly specimens in the Suffert Collection: a case of patria falsa. Zootaxa, 4964 (3), 585–597.
    Van Rensburg, B.J., McGeoch, M.A., Chown, S.L. & Van Jaarsveld, A.S. (1999) Conservation of heterogeneity among dung beetles in the Maputaland Centre of Endemism, South Africa. Biological Conservation, 88 (2), 145–153.


How to Cite

TAKANO, H. . (2021). Taxonomic notes concerning the genus <em>Catharsius</em> Hope, 1837 (Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae). Zootaxa, 5052(2), 130–136.