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Published: 2021-10-26

Two new species of Megophrys Kuhl and Van Hasselt (Amphibia: Megophryidae) from Sumatra, Indonesia

Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Yoshida-Honmachi, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8501, JAPAN
Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Yoshida-Honmachi, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8501, JAPAN. Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Yoshida-Nihonmatsu-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, JAPAN
Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense, Research Centre for Biology, National Research and Innovation Agency of Indonesia, Gd. Widyasatwaloka, Jl. Raya Jakarta–Bogor Km 46, Cibinong, West Java, INDONESIA
The Amphibian and Reptile Diversity Research Center and Department of Biology, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX 76010, USA
Amphibia Bukit Barisan molecular phylogeny taxonomy Sunda Shelf


We evaluated the taxonomic status of the genus Megophrys in Sumatra using molecular and morphological data. Mitochondrial phylogenetic inference and morphological data revealed two undescribed species, one in southern Sumatra—M. selatanensis sp. nov. and one in northern Sumatra—M. acehensis sp. nov. We also detected a potential cryptic species within M. parallela, but refrain from describing this lineage here due to insufficient data. Genetic variation within Sumatran Megophrys is highly structured and will require additional geographic sampling to understand the interplay between geography and genetics in Sumatran Megophrys.



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