Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Article
Published: 2021-11-10
Page range: 279-284
Abstract views: 538
PDF downloaded: 220

Ebogotermes raphaeli, new genus and new species, an African soldierless termite described from the worker caste (Isoptera, Termitidae, Apicotermitinae)

University of Florida, Fort Lauderdale Research & Education Center, 3205 College Avenue Davie, Florida 33314 U.S.A.
Evolutionary Biology & Ecology, Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), CP 160-12, Avenue F.D. Roosevelt 50 B-1050 Brussels, Belgium.
Département des sciences biologiques, Ecole normale supérieure, Université de Yaoundé I, BP 47 Yaoundé, Cameroon.
Faculty of Tropical AgriSciences, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague, Kamýcká 129, 165 00 Praha 6 – Suchdol, Czech Republic.
Isoptera Cameroon enteric valve armature


Ebogotermes raphaeli gen. n. sp. n., is described from workers collected in Cameroon. This soil-feeding termite is the largest soldierless termite from central Africa and aligns with the Anoplotermes subgroup. The enteric valve armature is weakly armed and, as with most apicotermitine species, is uniquely diagnostic.



  1. Bourguignon, T., Lo, N., Šobotník, J., Ho, S.Y.W., Iqbal, N., Coissac, E., Lee, M., Jendryka, M., Sillam-Dussès, D., Křížková, B., Roisin, Y. & Evans, T.A. (2017) Mitochondrial phylogenomics resolves the global spread of higher termites, ecosystem engineers of the tropics. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 34, 589–597.
    Coaton, W.G.H. (1971) Five new termite genera from South West Africa (Isoptera: Termitidae). Cimbebasia, Series A, 2 (1), 1–34.
    Engel, M.S., Grimaldi, D.A. & Krishna, K. (2009) Termites (Isoptera): Their phylogeny, classification, and rise to ecological dominance. American Museum Novitates, 3650, 1–27.
    Hellemans, S., Deligne, J., Roisin, Y. & Josens, G. (2021) Phylogeny and revision of the ‘Cubitermes complex’ termites (Termitidae: Cubitermitinae). Systematic Entomology, 46: 224–238.
    Krishna, K., Grimaldi, D.A., Krishna, V. & Engel, M.S. (2013) Treatise on the Isoptera of the World. Vols. 1–7. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 377, 1–2704.
    Noirot, C. (2001) The gut of termites (Isoptera). Comparative anatomy, systematics, phylogeny. I. Higher termites (Termitidae). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, Nouvelle Série, 37, 431–471.
    Romero Arias, J., Chevalier, C. & Roisin, Y. (2020) Anatomical specializations of the gizzard in soil-feeding termites (Termitidae, Apicotermitinae): Taxonomical and functional implications. Arthropod Structure & Development, 57, 100942.
    Romero Arias, J., Boom, A., Wang, M., Clitheroe, C., Šobotník, J., Stiblik, P., Bourguignon, T. & Roisin, Y. (2021) Molecular phylogeny and historical biogeography of Apicotermitinae (Blattodea: Termitidae). Systematic Entomology, 46, 741–756.
    Sands, W.A. (1972) The soldierless termites of Africa (Isoptera: Termitidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Entomology, Supplement 18, 1–244.
    Sands, W.A. (1998) The identification of worker castes of termite genera from soils of Africa and the Middle East. CAB International, Wallingford, 500 pp.
    Scheffrahn, R.H., Bourguignon, T., Akama, P.D., Sillam-Dussès, D. & Šobotník, J. (2018) Roisinitermes ebogoensis gen. & sp. n., an outstanding drywood termite with snapping soldiers from Cameroon (Isoptera, Kalotermitidae). ZooKeys, 787, 91–105.
    Scheffrahn, R.H. (2019) UF termite database. University of Florida termite collection. (accessed 29 July 2021)
    Scheffrahn, R.H. (2020) Gastrotermes spinatus gen. n. sp. n., an African soil-feeding termite described from the worker caste (Isoptera, Termitidae, Apicotermitidae). Zootaxa, 4789, 291–296.