Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Monograph
Published: 2021-12-08

Phylogeny, taxonomy and flower-breeding ecology of the Colocasiomyia cristata species group (Diptera: Drosophilidae), with descriptions of ten new species

Graduate School of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0810, Japan, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto 603-8047, Japan, Nagano Environmental Conservation Research Institute, Nagano 381-0075, Japan
Yunnan Key Laboratory of Plant Reproductive Adaptation and Evolutionary Ecology, School of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Yunnan University, Kunming, China
Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0819, Japan
School of Forestry, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming, China
Uema 1-2-21, Naha, Okinawa 902-0073, Japan
Zoology Division (Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense), Research Center for Biology-LIPI, Jl. Raya Jakarta-Bogor Km. 46, Cibinong 16911, West Java, Indonesia
Sabah Parks, Lot 45 & 46, Level 1-5, Blok H, Signature Office, KK Times Square, Coastal Highway, 88100 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia
International Affairs Division (IAD), Forest Department Sarawak, Level 13, Left Wing, Baitulmakmur II, Medan Raya, Petra Jaya, 93050, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia
Research Development and Innovation Division, Forest Department Sarawak, KM10, Jalan Datuk Amar Kalong Ningkan, 93259, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia
Biodiversity Conservation & Research Division, Sarawak Forestry Corporation (SFC), Lot 218, Kcld, Jalan Sungai Tapang, Kota Sentosa, 93250, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia
Sarawak Forestry Corporation (SFC), Lot 218, Kcld, Jalan Sungai Tapang, Kota Sentosa, 93250, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia
Hokkaido University Museum, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0810, Japan
Diptera Araceae Breeding habits Cladistic phylogeny Evolution Host plant Molecular phylogeny Morphology Species complex Species subgroup Terminology

Abstract

The phylogeny of the Colocasiomyia cristata species group is reconstructed as a hypothesis, based on DNA sequences of two mitochondrial and six nuclear genes and 51 morphological characters. The resulting tree splits this species group into two clades, one of which corresponds to the colocasiae subgroup. Therefore, a new species subgroup named as the cristata subgroup is established for the other clade. Within the cristata subgroup, three subclades are recognized and each of them is defined as a species complex: the cristata complex composed of five species (including three new ones: C. kinabaluana sp. nov., C. kotana sp. nov. and C. matthewsi sp. nov.), the sabahana complex of two species (C. sabahana sp. nov. and C. sarawakana sp. nov.), and the xenalocasiae complex of five species (including C. sumatrana sp. nov. and C. leucocasiae sp. nov.). There are, however, three new species (C. ecornuta sp. nov., C. grandis sp. nov. and C. vieti sp. nov.) not assigned to any species complex. In addition, breeding habits are described for four cristata-subgroup species, each of which monopolizes its specific host plant. And, data of host-plant use are compiled for all species of the cristata group from records at various localities in the Oriental and Papuan regions. The evolution of host-plant selection and sharing modes is considered by mapping host-plant genera of each species on the phylogenetic tree resulting from the present study.

References

  1. Bächli, G., Vilela, C.R., Andersson Escher, S. & Saura, A. (2004) The Drosophilidae (Diptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica. Vol. 39. Brill, Leiden, 362 pp. https://doi.org/10.1163/9789047414681

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/9789047414681
  2. Brandlay, M.C., Schmitz, A. & Reeder, T.W. (2005) Partitioned Bayesian analyses, partition choice, and the phylogenetic relationship of scincid lizards. Systematic Biology, 54, 373−390. https://doi.org/10.1080/10635150590946808

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10635150590946808
  3. Carson, H.L. & Okada, T. (1980) Drosophilidae associated with flowers in Papua New Guinea. I. Colocasia esculenta. Kontyû, 48, 15–29.

  4. Cumming, J.M. & Wood, D.M. (2017) Adult morphology and terminology. In: Kirk-Spriggs, A.H. & Sinclair, B.J. (Eds.), Manual of Afrotropical Diptera. Volume 1. Introductory Chapters and Keys to Diptera Families. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, pp. 89–133.

  5. de Meijere, J.C.H. (1914) Studien über südostasiatische Dipteren IX. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie, 57, 137–275.

  6. Duda, O. (1923) Die orientalischen und australischen Drosophiliden-Arten (Dipteren) des Ungarischen National-Museums zu Budapest. Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici, 20, 24‒59.

  7. Duda, O. (1924) Beitrag zur Systematik der Drosophiliden unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der paläarktischen u. orientalischen Arten (Dipteren). Wiegmann’s Archiv für Naturgeschichte, 90 (A), 3, 172–234, 7 pls.

  8. Fartyal, R.S., Gao, J.J., Toda, M.J., Hu, Y.G., Takano, K.T., Suwito, A., Katoh, T., Takigahira, T. & Yin, J.T. (2013) Colocasiomyia (Diptera: Drosophilidae) revised phylogenetically, with a new species group having peculiar lifecycles on monsteroid (Araceae) host plants. Systematic Entomology, 38, 763–782. https://doi.org/10.1111/syen.12027

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/syen.12027
  9. Folmer, O., Black, M., Hoeh, W., Lutz, R. & Vrijenhoek, R. (1994) DNA primers for amplification of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I for diverse metazoan invertebrates. Molecular Marine Biology and Biotechnology, 3, 294–299.

  10. Fu, Z., Toda, M.J., Li, N.N., Zhang, Y.P. & Gao, J.J. (2016) A new genus of anthophilous drosophilids, Impatiophila (Diptera, Drosophilidae): morphology, DNA barcoding and molecular phylogeny, with descriptions of thirty-nine new species. Zootaxa, 4120 (1), 1–100. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4120.1.1

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4120.1.1
  11. Grimaldi, D.A. (1991) Systematics of the genus Colocasiomyia de Meijere (Diptera: Drosophilidae): cladistics, a new generic synonym, new record, and a new species from Nepal. Entomologica Scandinavica, 22, 417–426. https://doi.org/10.1163/187631291X00219

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/187631291X00219
  12. Honda-Yafuso, M. (1983) Interspecific relationship between synhospitalic Drosophilella species (Diptera, Drosophilidae) inhabiting Alocasia odora on Okinawa Is., Japan. Kontyû, 51, 520–527.

  13. Hu, Y.G. & Toda, M.J. (2001) Polyphyly of Lordiphosa and its relationships in Drosophilinae (Diptera: Drosophilidae). Systematic Entomology, 26, 15–31. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3113.2001.00135.x

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3113.2001.00135.x
  14. Jiao, R.J., Bai, L.H. & Gao, J.J. (2020) Descriptions of two new species of the genus Colocasiomyia (Diptera, Drosophilidae) breeding on Rhaphidophora host plants in Yunnan, China. ZooKeys, 968, 127–141. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.968.56677

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.968.56677
  15. Kalyaanamoorthy, S.K., Minh, B.Q., Wong, T.K.F., von Haeseler, A. & Jermiin, L.S. (2017) ModelFinder: Fast model selection for accurate phylogenetic estimates. Nature Methods, 14, 587–589. https://doi.org/10.1038/nmeth.4285

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/nmeth.4285
  16. Kumar, S., Stecher, G. & Tamura K. (2016) MEGA7: Molecular evolutionary genetics analysis version 7.0 for bigger datasets. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 33, 1870–1874. https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msw054

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msw054
  17. Li, N.N., Toda, M.J., Fu, Z., Chen, J.M., Li, S.H. & Gao, J.J. (2014) Taxonomy of the Colocasiomyia gigantea species group (Diptera, Drosophilidae), with descriptions of four new species from Yunnan, China. ZooKeys, 406, 41–64. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.406.7176

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.406.7176
  18. Miyake, T. & Yafuso, M. (2003) Floral scents affect reproductive success in fly-pollinated Alocasia odora (Araceae). American Journal of Botany, 90, 370–376.

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.3732/ajb.90.3.370
  19. O’Grady, P.M. (1999) Reevaluation of phylogeny in the Drosophila obscura species group based on combined analysis of nucleotide sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 12, 124–139. https://doi.org/10.1006/mpev.1998.0598

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1006/mpev.1998.0598
  20. Okada, T. (1975) The Oriental drosophilids breeding in flowers. Kontyû, 43, 356‒363.

  21. Okada, T. (1980) Synhospitalic evolution of the genus Drosophilella Duda (Diptera, Drosophilidae), with description of a new species from Okinawa and Taiwan. Kontyû, 48, 218‒225.

  22. Okada, T. (1988) Taxonomic note on Colocasiomyia cristata de Meijere (Diptera, Drosophilidae) with generic synonymy. Proceedings of the Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology, 37, 34–39.

  23. Okada, T. (1990) Subdivision of the genus Colocasiomyia de Meijere (Diptera, Drosophilidae) with descriptions of two new species from Sulawesi and notes on color adaptation of synhospitalic species. Proceedings of the Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology, 42, 66–72.

  24. Okada, T. & Yafuso, M. (1989) The genus Colocasiomyia Duda (Diptera, Drosophilidae) from Sulawesi. Proceedings of the Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology, 39, 48–55.

  25. Rice, G., David, J.R., Kamimura, Y., Masly, J.P., Mcgregor, A.P., Nagy, O., Noselli, S., Nunes, M.D.S., O’Grady, P., Sánchez-Herrero, E., Siegal, M.L., Toda, M.J., Rebeiz, M., Courtier-Orgogozo, V. & Yassin, A. (2019) A standardized nomenclature and atlas of the male terminalia of Drosophila melanogaster. Fly, 13, 51–64. https://doi.org/10.1080/19336934.2019.1653733

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/19336934.2019.1653733
  26.  Shi, T., Toda, M.J., Takano, K.T., Yafuso, M., Suwito, A., Wong, S.Y., Shang, S.Q. & Gao, J.J. (2019) A review of taxonomy and flower-breeding ecology of the Colocasiomyia toshiokai species group (Diptera: Drosophilidae), with description of a new species from Indonesia. European Journal of Entomology, 116, 341–361. https://doi.org/10.14411/eje.2019.037

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.14411/eje.2019.037
  27. Stamatakis, A. (2006) RAxML-VI-HPC: Maximum likelihood-based phylogenetic analyses with thousands of taxa and mixed models. Bioinformatics, 22, 2688–2690. https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btl446

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btl446
  28. Sultana, F., Hu, Y.G., Toda, M.J., Takenaka, K. & Yafuso, M. (2006) Phylogeny and classification of Colocasiomyia (Diptera, Drosophilidae), and its evolution of pollination mutualism with aroid plants. Systematic Entomology, 31, 684–702. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3113.2006.00344.x

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3113.2006.00344.x
  29. Swofford, D.L. (2003) PAUP*: Phylogenetic Analysis Using Parsimony (*and Other Methods), Version 4. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA. Available from: https://paup.phylosolutions.com/ (accessed 11 August 2020)

  30. Takano, T.K., Repin, R., Mohamed, D.M.B. & Toda, M.J. (2012) Pollination mutualism between Alocasia macrorrhizos (Araceae) and two taxonomically undescribed Colocasiomyia species (Diptera: Drosophilidae), in Sabah, Borneo. Plant Biology, 14, 555–564. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1438-8677.2011.00541.x

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1438-8677.2011.00541.x
  31. Takano, T.K., Suwito, A., Gao, J.J. & Yin, J.T. (2011) Molecular phylogeny of the cristata species group of the genus Colocasiomyia (Diptera: Drosophilidae). Low Temperature Science, 69, 19–28.

  32. Takenaka, K., Yin, J.T., Wen, S.Y. & Toda, M.J. (2006) Pollination mutualism between a new species of the genus Colocasiomyia de Meijere (Diptera: Drosophilidae) and Steudnera colocasiifolia (Araceae) in Yunnan, China. Entomological Science, 9, 79–91. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1479-8298.2006.00156.x

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1479-8298.2006.00156.x
  33. Toda, M.J. (2021) DrosWLD-Species: Taxonomic Information Database for World Species of Drosophilidae. Available from: http://bioinfo.museum.hokudai.ac.jp/db/modules/stdb/index.php?ml_lang=en (accessed 2 February 2021)

  34. Toda, M.J., Bänziger, H., Sati, P.C., Fartyal, R.S., Suwito, A. & Katoh, T. (2020) Taxonomy and evolution of asymmetric male genitalia in the subgenus Ashima Chen (Diptera: Drosophilidae: Phortica Schiner), with descriptions of seven new species. Zootaxa, 4789 (1), 1–54. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4789.1.1

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4789.1.1
  35. Toda, M.J. & Lakim, M.B. (2011) Genus Colocasiomyia (Drosophilidae: Diptera) in Sabah, Bornean Malaysia: high species diversity and use of host aroid inflorescences. Entomological Science, 14, 262–270. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1479-8298.2011.00452.x

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1479-8298.2011.00452.x
  36. Toda, M.J. & Okada, T. (1983) Ecological studies of floricolous Drosophilella in Burma with descriptions of three new species from Burma and the Philippines (Diptera, Drosophilidae). Kontyû, 51, 169‒184.

  37. Watrous, L.E. & Wheeler, Q.D. (1981) The outgroup comparison method of character analysis. Systematic Biology, 30, 1−11. https://doi.org/10.1093/sysbio/30.1.1

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/sysbio/30.1.1
  38. Wood, D.M., Sinclair, B.J. &  Cumming, J.M. (1995) Homology and phylogenetic implications of male genitalia in Diptera—Eremoneura. Insect Systematics & Evolution, 26, 121–151. https://doi.org/10.1163/187631295X00143

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/187631295X00143
  39. Yafuso, M. (1993) Thermogenesis of Alocasia odora (Araceae) and the role of Colocasiomyia flies (Diptera: Drosophilidae) as cross-pollinators. Environmental Entomology, 22, 601–606. https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/22.3.601

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/22.3.601
  40. Yafuso, M. (1994) Life history traits related to resource partitioning between synhospitalic species of Colocasiomyia (Diptera, Drosophilidae) breeding in inflorescences of Alocasia odora (Araceae). Ecological Entomology, 19, 65–73. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.1994.tb00391.x

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.1994.tb00391.x
  41. Zhang, W.X. & Toda, M.J. (1992) A new species-subgroup of the Drosophila immigrans species-group (Diptera, Drosophilidae), with description of two new species from China and revision of taxonomic terminology. Japanese Journal of Entomology, 60, 839‒850.

How to Cite

TAKANO, K. T., GAO, J.-J., HU, Y.-G., LI, N.-N., YAFUSO, M., SUWITO, A., REPIN, R., PUNGGA, R. A. S., MELENG, P. A., KALIANG, C. H., CHONG, L., & TODA, M. J. (2021). Phylogeny, taxonomy and flower-breeding ecology of the <em>Colocasiomyia cristata</em> species group (Diptera: Drosophilidae), with descriptions of ten new species. Zootaxa, 5079(1), 1–70. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.5079.1.1