Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Article
Published: 2022-01-14

A new species of the waspfish genus Ocosia (Teleostei: Tetrarogidae) from the Coral Sea, with a key to species in the genus

Natural History Museum, National Science Museum, 39, Moo 3, Khlong 5, Khlong Luang, Pathumthani, 12120, Thailand.
The Kagoshima University Museum, 1-21-30 Korimoto, Kagoshima 890-0065, Japan.
Pisces Ocosia apia Ocosia dorsomaculata morphology taxonomy description

Abstract

The new waspfish Ocosia dorsomaculata n. sp. (Tetrarogidae) is described, based on specimens from Australia (5) and New Caledonia (51). Although O. dorsomaculata and Ocosia apia Poss & Eschmeyer 1975 both share modally XVI, 8 dorsal-fin rays with a long second dorsal-fin spine, and presence of supraocular, lateral lacrimal, and suborbital spines, the former has modally 13 pectoral-fin rays (vs. usually 12 in the latter), a lower modal count of total gill rakers (10 vs. 16–18), greater upper-jaw length, greater third to sixth dorsal-fin spine lengths, the third dorsal-fin spine slightly shorter than the second dorsal-fin spine (vs. third spine markedly shorter than second spine), 1 or 2 prominent pale brown to dark brown blotches on the membrane between the fifth to eighth or sixth to ninth dorsal-fin spines (vs. 1 blotch on the membrane around the third dorsal-fin spine and 1 blotch on the membrane between the sixth to eighth dorsal-fin spines), and body with 11–15 longitudinal pale brown to dark brown bars along lateral line (vs. irregular brown specks). A key to the species of Ocosia is given.

 

References

  1. Ahlstrom, E.H., Butler, J.L. & Sumida, B.Y. (1976) Pelagic stromateoid fishes (Pisces, Perciformes) of the eastern Pacific: kinds, distributions, and early life histories and observations on five of these from the northwest Atlantic. Bulletin of Marine Science, 26 (3), 285–402.
    Chen, L.-C. (1981) Scorpaenid fishes of Taiwan. Quarterly Journal of the Taiwan Museum, 34, 1–60.
    Chungthanawong, S. & Motomura, H. (2018) Two new species of the waspfish genus Ablabys (Scorpaeniformes: Tetrarogidae) from the western Pacific Ocean. Ichthyological Research, 66 (1), 114–128. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10228-018-0665-0
    Chungthanawong, S. & Motomura, H. (2021) Review of the waspfish genus Neocentropogon (Tetrarogidae), with a key to genera in the family. Ichthyological Research, 68 (3), 404–425. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10228-020-00796-w
    Duffy, C.A.J. & Ahyong, S.T. (2015) Annotated checklist of the marine flora and fauna of the Kermadec Islands Marine Reserve and northern Kermadec Ridge, New Zealand. In: Trnski, T. & Schlumpf, H.A. (Eds.), Kermadec Biodiversity Expedition 2011. Bulletin of the Auckland Museum, 20, 19–124.
    Fowler, H.W. (1943) Contributions to the biology of the Philippine Archipelago and adjacent regions. Descriptions and figures of new fishes obtained in Philippine seas and adjacent waters by the United States Bureau of Fisheries steamer “Albatross.” Bulletin of the United States National Museum, 100 (14), i–iii + 53–91.
    Francis, M.P. (1993) Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. Pacific Science, 47 (2), 136–170.
    Fricke, R. (2017) Ocosia sphex, a new species of waspfish from New Hanover, Papua New Guinea (Teleostei: Tetrarogidae). Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation, 28, 1–9. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.854757
    Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W.N. & van der Laan, R. (2021) Eschmeyer’s Catalog of Fishes: genera, species, references. Available from: http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp (accessed 2 October 2021)
    Jordan, D.S. & Starks, E.C. (1904) A review of the scorpaenoid fishes of Japan. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 27 (1351), 91–175. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00963801.27-1351.91
    Mandrytsa, S.A. & Usachev, S.I. (1990) A new species of the genus Ocosia Jordan and Starks (Scorpaeniformes, Tetrarogidae) from the western part of the Indian Ocean. Journal of Ichthyology, 30 (3), 130–134.
    Matsubara, K. (1943) Studies on the scorpaenoid fishes of Japan: anatomy, phylogeny and taxonomy (II). Transactions of the Sigenkagaku Kenkyusyo, 2, 171–486.
    Mochizuki, K., Kai, Y., Endo, H. & Motomura, H. (2021) Revised diagnosis and first Japanese records of the waspfish Ocosia spinosa (Teleostei: Tetrarogidae). Species Diversity, 26 (2), 281–287. https://doi.org/10.12782/specdiv.26.281
    Motomura, H. (2004a) New species of scorpionfish, Scorpaena cocosensis (Scorpaeniformes: Scorpaenidae) from the Cocos Islands, Costa Rica, eastern Pacific Ocean. Copeia, 2004 (4), 818–824. https://doi.org/10.1643/CI-04-179R
    Motomura, H. (2004b) Revision of the scorpionfish genus Neosebastes (Scorpaeniformes: Neosebastidae), with descriptions of five new species. Indo–Pacific Fishes, 37, 1–76.
    Motomura, H., Last, P.R. & Johnson, J.W. (2008) Review of the waspfish genus Liocranium (Scorpaeniformes: Tetrarogidae), with restoration of L. pleurostigma (Weber). Zootaxa, 1820 (1), 27–40. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.1820.1.2
    Nakabo, T. (1984) Congiopodidae. In: Masuda, H., Amaoka, K., Araga, C., Uyeno, T. & Yoshino, T. (Eds.), The Fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, pl. 285, pp. 319.
    Paulin, C.D. (1982) Scorpionfishes of New Zealand (Pisces: Scorpaenidae). New Zealand Journal of Zoology, 9 (4), 437–450. https://doi.org/10.1080/03014223.1982.10423875
    Poss, S.G. (1999) Scorpaenidae. In: Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (Eds.), FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes. The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 4. Bony Fishes Part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, pp. 2291–2352.
    Poss, S.G. (2000) Scorpaenidae. In: Randall, J.E. & Lim, K.K.P. (Eds.), A checklist of the fishes of the South China Sea. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement, 8, pp. 569–667.
    Poss, S.G. & Eschmeyer, W.N. (1975) The Indo–West Pacific scorpionfish genus Ocosia Jordan and Starks (Scorpaenidae, Tetraroginae), with description of three new species. Matsya, 1, 1–18.
    Randall, J.E. & Eschmeyer, W.N. (2002) [dated as 2001] Revision of the Indo-Pacific scorpionfish genus Scorpaenopsis, with descriptions of eight new species. Indo–Pacific Fishes, 34, 1–79.
    Rivaton, J. (1989) Premières observations sur la faune ichtyologique des iles Chesterfield (Mer du Corail). Cybium, 13 (2), 139–164.
    Sabaj, M.H. (2020) Codes for natural history collections in ichthyology and herpetology. Copeia, 108 (3), 593–669. https://doi.org/10.1643/ASIHCODONS2020
    Shao, K.-T., Ho, H.-C., Lin, P.-L., Lee, P.-F., Lee, M.-Y., Tsai, C.-Y., Liao, Y.-C., Lin, Y.-C., Chen, J.-P. & Yeh, H.-M. (2008) A checklist of the fishes of southern Taiwan, northern South China Sea. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement, 19, 233–271.
    Shinohara, G., Endo, H., Matsuura, K., Machida, Y. & Honda, H. (2001) Annotated checklist of the deepwater fishes from Tosa Bay, Japan. Monographs of the National Science Museum Tokyo, 20, 283–343.
    Shinohara, G., Sato, T., Aonuma, Y., Horikawa, H., Matsuura, K., Nakabo, T. & Sato, K. (2005) Annotated checklist of deep-sea fishes from the waters around the Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Deep-sea fauna and pollutants in the Nansei Islands. Monographs of the National Science Museum Tokyo, 29, 385–452.
    Struthers, C.D. (2015) 157 Family Tetrarogidae. In: Roberts, C.D., Stewart, A.L. & Struthers, C.D. (Eds.), The Fishes of New Zealand. Vol. 3. Te Papa Press, Wellington, pp. 1101–1102.

  2.  

How to Cite

CHUNGTHANAWONG, S. ., & MOTOMURA, H. . (2022). A new species of the waspfish genus <em>Ocosia</em> (Teleostei: Tetrarogidae) from the Coral Sea, with a key to species in the genus. Zootaxa, 5091(3), 37–50. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.5091.3.3