Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Article
Published: 2022-02-15
Page range: 496-500
Abstract views: 333
PDF downloaded: 23

Kishenehna prima, a new genus and species of darner dragonfly (Odonata, Aeshnidae, Gomphaeschninae) from the early middle Eocene Kishenehn Formation of Montana, USA

Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, British Columbia, V5A 1S6, Canada 2Museum of Comparative Zoology, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 02138, United States of America 3Royal British Columbia Museum, 675 Belleville Street, Victoria, British Columbia, V8W 9W2, Canada.
Royal British Columbia Museum, 675 Belleville Street, Victoria, British Columbia, V8W 9W2, Canada.
Department of Paleobiology, NMNH, Smithsonian Institution, P.O. Box 37012 MRC 121, Washington, DC, 20013-7012, USA.
Odonata Aeshnidae Gomphaeschninae


We describe the darner dragonfly Kishenehna prima n. gen. and sp. (Odonata, Aeshnidae, Gomphaeschninae) based on a well-preserved, nearly complete female hind wing from the Lutetian Coal Creek Member of the Kishenehn Formation, northwestern Montana, USA. Kishenehna is morphologically close to the late Paleocene genus Alloaeschna Wighton & Wilson of Alberta, Canada. This is the first dragonfly (Anisoptera) described from the Kishenehn Formation and the first from the Lutetian of the Western Hemisphere.



  1. Archibald, S.B. & Cannings, R.A. (2019) Fossil dragonflies (Odonata: Anisoptera) from the early Eocene Okanagan Highlands, western North America. The Canadian Entomologist, 151, 783–816.
    Bechly, G., Nel, A., Martinez-Delclòs, X., Jarzembowski, E.A., Coram, R., Martill, D. et al. (2001) A revision and phylogenetic study of Mesozoic Aeshnoptera, with description of numerous new taxa (Insecta: Odonata: Anisoptera). Neue Paläontologilsche Abhandlungen, 4, 1–219, 48 pls.
    Constenius, K.N. (1996) Late Paleogene extensional collapse of the Cordilleran foreland fold and thrust belt. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 108, 20–39.<0020:LPECOT>2.3.CO;2
    Dijkstra, K.-D.B., Bechly, G., Bybee, S.M., Dow, R.A., Dumont, H.J., Fleck, G., Garrison, R.W., Hämäläinen, M., Kalkman, V.J., Karube, H., May, M.L., Orr, A.G., Paulson, D.R., Rehn, A.C., Theischinger, G., Trueman, J.W.H., Van Tol, J., von Ellenrieder, N. & Ware, J (2013) The classification and diversity of dragonflies and damselflies (Odonata). In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.), Animal biodiversity: an outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa, 3703 (1), pp. 36–45.
    Garrouste, R. & Nel, A. (2019) Alaskan Palaeogene insects: a challenge for a better knowledge of the Beringian ‘route’ (Odonata: Aeshnidae, Dysagrionidae). Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 17, 1939–1946.
    Greenwalt, D.E. & Bechly, G. (2014) A re-description of the fossil damselfly Eolestes syntheticus Cockerell, 1940 (Odonata: Zygoptera: Eolestidae n. fam.) with description of new taxa from the Eocene of North America. Zootaxa, 3887 (2), 138–156.
    Greenwalt, D.E., Bickel, D.J., Kerr, P.H., Curler, G.R., Brown, B.V., de Jong, H., Fitzgerald, S.J., Dikow, T., Tkoč, M., Kehlmaier, C. & Amorim, D.S. (2019) Diptera of the middle Eocene Kishenehn Formation. I. Documentation of diversity at the family level. Palaeontologia Electronica, 22.2.50A, 1–56.
    Grimaldi, D. & Engel, M.S. (2005) Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press, New York, 755 pp.
    Hoffman, G.L. & Stockey, R.A. (1999) Geological setting and paleobotany of the Joffre Bridge Roadcut fossil locality (Late Paleocene), Red Deer Valley, Alberta. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 36, 2073–2084.
    Jarzembowski, E.A. & Nel, A. (1996) A new genus and species of hawker dragonfly (Aeshnidae) from the Lower Cretaceous of southern England. Cretaceous Research, 17, 97–101.
    Lenz, O.K., Wilde, V., Mertz, D.F. & Riegel, W. (2015) New palynology‑based astronomical and revised 40Ar/39Ar ages for the Eocene maar lake of Messel (Germany). International Journal of Earth Sciences, Geologische Rundschau, 104, 873–889.
    Meyer, W.H. (2003) The Fossils of Florissant. Smithsonian Books, Washington, 258 pp.
    Riek, E.F. & Kukalová-Peck, J. (1984) A new interpretation of dragonfly wing venation based upon Early Upper Carboniferous fossils from Argentina (Insecta: Odonatoidea) and basic character states in pterygote wings. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 62, 1150–1166.
    von Ellenrieder, N. (2002) A phylogenetic analysis of the extant Aeshnidae (Odonata: Anisoptera). Systematic Entomology, 27, 437–467.
    Wappler, T. (2003) Die Insekten aus dem Mittel-Eozän des Eckfelder Maares, Vulkaneifel. Mainzer Naturwissenschaftliches Archiv Beiheft, 27, 1–234.
    Wighton, D.C. (1987) Gomphaeschna obliqua spec. nov., a new species of Gomphaeschninae from the Lower Cretaceous of northeastern Brazil (Anisoptera: Aeshnidae). Odonatologica, 16, 311–314.
    Wighton, D.C. & Wilson, M.V.H. (1986) The Gomphaeschninae (Odonata: Aeshnidae): new fossil genus, reconstructed phylogeny, and geographical history. Systematic Entomology, 11, 505–522.
    Zheng, D., Jarzembowski, E.A., Su-Chin Chang, S.-C. & Wang, B. (2016) A new true dragonfly (Odonata, Anisoptera, Gomphaeschnaoidini) from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association, 127, 629–632.
    Zheng, D.R., Nel, A. & Wang, B. (2019) New gomphaeschnid dragonflies (Odonata: Anisoptera: Aeshnoptera) from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber. Cretaceous Research, 100, 138–144.