Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Article
Published: 2022-02-16
Page range: 527-548
Abstract views: 826
PDF downloaded: 31

Two new species of Elachistocleis Parker, 1927 (Anura: Microhylidae: Gastrophryninae) from Colombia

Freelance Biodiversity Consultant, Villa de Leyva, Boyacá, Colombia South América. Subdirección de Investigaciones, Colecciones Biológicas, Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt, Carrera 8 No 15-08, Claustro de San Agustín, Villa de Leyva, Boyacá, Colombia South América.
Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology and Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138.
Department of Biology, University of Richmond, Richmond, VA 23173.
Amphibia Elachistocleis new species Colombia cryptic species Gastrophryninae

Abstract

The genus Elachistocleis consists of small to medium size species of Neotropical microhylids. It is the second largest genus of New World microhylids and an important component of the anuran diversity in the Neotropical region. Herein, based on morphological, acoustical, and molecular evidence, we describe two new species and their advertisement calls. The new species have reticulated venter and inhabit the Orinoco basin of Colombia.

 

References

  1. Caramaschi, U. & Jim, J. (1983) A new microhylid frog, genus Elachistocleis (Amphibia, Anura) from Northeastern Brazil. Herpetologica, 39 (4), 390–394.
    Charif, R., Waack, A. & Strickman, L. (2010) Raven Pro 1.5. Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Ithaca, New York. [program]
    Chen, M. & Combs, C. (1999) An alternative anesthesia for amphibians: ventral application of benzocaine. Herpetological Review, 30 (1), 34–34.
    Da Fonseca, E.M., Lanna, F.M., Sant’Anna, A.C., Pereira Silva, E.A., de Santos, F.F., Neves, M. & Mângia, S. (2012) The advertisement call of Elachistocleis helianneae Caramaschi, 2010 (Anura: Microhylidae). Zootaxa, 3559 (1), 58–60. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3559.1.6
    De la Riva, I., Márquez, R. & Bosch, J. (1996) Advertisement calls of four microhylid frogs from Bolivia (Amphibia, Anura). American Midland Naturalist, 136, 418–422. https://doi.org/10.2307/2426746
    de Sá, R.O., Riva Tonini, J.F., van Huss, H., Long, A., Cuddy, T., Forlani, M.C., Peloso, P.L.V., Zaher, H. & Haddad, C.F.B. (2019) Multiple connections between Amazonia and Atlantic Forest shaped phylogenetic and morphological diversity in the genus Chiasmocleis Mehely, 1904 (Anura: Microhylidae: Gastrophryne). Molecular Phylogenetic and Evolution, 130, 198–210. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2018.10.021
    de Sá, R.O., Streicher, J.W., Sekonyela, R., Forlani, M.C., Loader, S.P., Greenbaum, E., Richards, S. & Haddad, C.F.B. (2012) Molecular phylogeny of microhylid frogs (Anura: Microhylidae) with emphasis on relationships among New World genera. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 241, 1–40. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-12-241
    Dinerstein, E., Olson, D.M., Graham, D.H., Webster, A.L., Primm, S.A., Bookbinder, M.P. & Ledec, G. (1995) A conservation assessment of the terrestrial ecoregions of Latin America and the Caribbean. World Wildlife Fund Bank, Washington, D.C., 129 pp. https://doi.org/10.1596/0-8213-3295-3
    Duellman, W.E. (2001) Hylid frogs of Middle America. 2nd Edition. SSAR, Ithaca, New York, 694 pp.
    Emmrich, M., Vences, M., Ernst, R., Köhler, Barej, J., Glaw, M.F., Jansen, F. & Rödel, M.O. (2020) A guild classification system proposed for anuran advertisement calls. Zoosystematics and Evolution, 96, 515–525. https://doi.org/10.3897/zse.96.38770
    Frost, D.R. (2021) Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.1. 18 November 2021. American Museum of Natural History, New York. Available from: https://amphibiansoftheworld.amnh.org/index.php (accessed 30 November 2021) https://doi.org/doi.org/10.5531/db.vz.0001 
    Jowers, M.J., Othman, S.N., Borzée, A., Rivas, G.A., Sánchez-Ramírez, S., Auguste, R.J., Downie, J.R., Read, M. & Murphy, J.C. (2021) Unraveling unique island colonization events in Elachistocleis frogs: phylogeography, cryptic divergence, and taxonomical implications. Organisms Diversity & Evolution, 21 (1), 189–206. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13127-021-00487-y
    Köhler, J., Jansen, M., Rodriguez, A., Kok, P.J., Toledo, L.F., Emmrich, M., Glaw, F., Haddad, C.F., Roede, M.O. & Vences, M. (2017) The use of bioacoustics in anuran taxonomy: theory, terminology, methods and recommendations for best practice. Zootaxa, 4251 (1), 001–124. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4251.1.1
    Kumar, S., Stecher, G. & Amura, K.T. (2016) MEGA7: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis version 7.0 for bigger datasets. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 33 (7), 1870–1874. https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msw054
    Kwet, A. & Di-Bernardo, M. (1998) Elachistocleis erythrogaster, a new microhylid species from Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment, 33, 7–18. https://doi.org/10.1076/snfe.33.1.7.2169
    Lavilla, E.O., Vaira, M. & Ferrari, L. (2003) A new species of Elachistocleis (Anura: Microhylidae) from the Andean Yungas of Argentina, with comments on the Elachistocleis ovalis—E. bicolor controversy. Amphibia-Reptilia, 24, 269–284. https://doi.org/10.1163/156853803322440754
    Liu, K., Warnow, T.J., Holder, M.T., Nelesen, S., Yu, J., Stamatakis, A. & Linder, C.R. (2012) SATe-II: very fast and accurate simultaneous estimation of multiple sequence alignments and phylogenetic trees. Systematic Biology, 61, 90–106. https://doi.org/10.1093/sysbio/syr095
    Marinho, P., de Carvalho, T.R., Bang, D.L., Teixeira, B.F.E. Azarak, P.A., Costa-Campos, C.E. & Giaretta, A.A. (2018) Advertisement calls, intraspecific variation and species diagnosis of six Brazilian species of Elachistocleis (Anura: Microhylidae: Gastrophryninae). Zootaxa, 4521 (3), 357–375. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4521.3.3
    Miller, M.A., Schwartz, T., Pickett, B.E., He S., Klem E.B., Scheuermann, R.H., Passarotti M., Kaufman, S. & O’Leary, M.A. (2015) A RESTful API for Access to Phylogenetic Tools via the CIPRES Science Gateway. Evolutionary Bioinformatics, 11, 43–48. https://doi.org/10.4137/EBO.S21501
    Nunes De Almeida, C.H.L. & Toledo, L.F. (2012) A new species of Elachistocleis Parker (Anura, Microhylidae) from the state of Acre, northern Brazil. Zootaxa, 3424 (6), 43–50. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3424.1.2
    R Core Team (2014) R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna. Available from: http://www.R-project.org/ (accessed 19 January 2022)
    Pereyra, L.C., Akmentins, M.S., Laufer, G. & Vaira, M. (2013) A new species of Elachistocleis (Anura: Microhylidae) from north-western Argentina. Zootaxa, 3694 (6), 525–544. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3694.6.2
    Sánchez-Nivicela, J.C., Peloso, P.L., Urgiles, V.L., Yánez-Muñoz, M.H., Sagredo, Y., Paez, N. & Ron, S. (2020) Description and phylogenetic relationships of a new trans-Andean species of Elachistocleis Parker 1927 (Amphibia, Anura, Microhylidae). Zootaxa, 4779 (3), 323–340. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4779.3.2
    Sueur, J., Aubin, T. & Simonis, C. (2008) Seewave: a free modular tool for sound analysis and synthesis. Bioacustics, 18, 213−226. https://doi.org/10.1080/09524622.2008.9753600
    Stamatakis, A. (2014) RAxML Version 8: A tool for Phylogenetic Analysis and Post-Analysis of Large Phylogenies. Bioinformatics, 30 (9), 1312–1313. https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btu033
    Streicher, J.W., Cox, C.L., Campbell, J.A., Smith, E.N. & de Sá, R.O. (2012) Rapid range expansion in the Great Plains narrow-mouthed toad (Gastrophryne olivacea) and a revised taxonomy for North American microhylids. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 64 (3), 645–653. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2012.05.020
    Struck, T H., Feder, J.L., Bendiksby, L., Birkeland, S., Cerca, J., Gusarov, V.I., Kistenich, S., Larsson, K.H., Liow, L.H., Nowak, M.D., Stedje, B., Bachmann, L. & Dimitrov, D. (2018) Finding evolutionary processes hidden in cryptic species. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 33 (3), 153–163. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2017.11.007
    Toledo, L.F. (2010) A new species of Elachistocleis (Anura, Microhylidae) from the Brazilian Amazon. Zootaxa, 2496 (1), 63–68. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.2496.1.4
    Tonini, J.F.R., Forlani, M.C. & de Sá, R.O. (2014) A new species of Chiasmocleis (Microhylidae, Gastrophryninae) from the Atlantic Forest of Espirito Santo State, Brazil. ZooKeys, 428, 109–113. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.428.7352

  2.