Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Article
Published: 2022-04-12
Page range: 389-407
Abstract views: 426
PDF downloaded: 16

Taxonomic notes on some South and Southeast Asian members of the genus Rhene Thorell, 1869 (Aranei, Salticidae, Dendryphantini)

Entomology Research Institute, Loyola College (Autonomous), Chennai—600034, Tamil Nadu, India. Zoological Survey of India, Prani Vigyan Bhawan, New Alipore, Kolkata—700053, West Bengal, India.
Rudra Heights, Nashik—422010, Maharashtra, India.
Centre for Animal Taxonomy and Ecology, Department of Zoology, Christ College, Irinjalakuda—680125 Kerala, India.
ICAR-National Bureau of Agricultural Insect Resources, Bengaluru—560024, Karnataka, India.
PG & Research Department of Zoology, Sri Vijay Vidyalaya College of Arts & Science, Dharmapuri, Tamil Nadu, India
Entomology Research Institute & Department of Advanced Zoology and Biotechnology, Loyola College (Autonomous), Chennai—600034, Tamil Nadu, India.
Araneae new combination new synonymy revision type specimens Rhenefictus Zeuxippus India


The type materials of seven Indian Rhene species available at the Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, have been studied. R. mus (Simon, 1889) is illustrated for the first time in 132 years since its first description. Eleven new synonyms and five new combinations are proposed: Zeuxippus Thorell, 1891 syn. n. with Rhene Thorell, 1869; R. biembolusa Song & Chai, 1991 syn. n. with R. flavicomans Simon, 1902; R. haldanei Gajbe, 2004 syn. n. with Bianor angulosus (Karsch, 1879); R. decorata Tikader, 1977 syn. n. and R. pantharae Biswas & Biswas, 1992 syn. n. with R. pallida (Thorell, 1895) comb. n.; R. citri (Sadana, 1991) syn. n., R. danieli Tikader, 1973 syn. n., R. indica Tikader, 1973 syn. n., R. khandalaensis Tikader, 1977 syn. n. and R. sanghrakshiti Gajbe, 2004 syn. n., with R. flavigera (C.L. Koch, 1846); Rhenefictus tropicus Logunov, 2021 syn. n. with Rhenefictus wandae (Wang & Li, 2021) comb. n. (ex. Rhene), Rhene atellana (Thorell, 1895) comb. n., Rhene histrio (Thorell, 1891) comb. n., Rhene pallida (Thorell, 1895) comb. n., and Rhene yunnanensis (Peng & Xie, 1995) comb. n. (all ex. Zeuxippus). Detailed digital illustrations and distributional maps are also provided.



  1. Babu, N., Caleb, J.T.D. & Prasad, G. (2021) A new distribution record of Bianor angulosus (Karsch, 1879) (Araneae: Salticidae) from Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 13 (8), 19177–19180.
    Biswas, B. & Biswas, K. (1992) Araneae: Spiders. State Fauna Series 3: Fauna of West Bengal, 3, 357–500.
    Caleb, J.T.D. (2016) New data on the jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae) from India. Arthropoda Selecta, 25 (3), 271–277.
    Caleb, J.T.D. (2019) An annotated checklist of jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae) of India. AkiNik Publications, New Delhi, 75 pp.
    Caleb, J.T.D. (2020) Arachnida: Spiders (Araneae). In: Chandra, K., Raghunathan, C. & Mao, A.A. (Eds.), Biodiversity Profile of East Kolkata Wetlands. Jointly published by the Director, Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata and East Kolkata Wetlands Management Authority, Department of Environment, Government of West Bengal, Kolkata, pp. 84–89 + 1–326.
    Caleb, J.T.D. & Benjamin, S.P. (2017) On the type of Myrmarachne uniseriata Narayan, 1915 (Araneae: Salticidae), with notes on its synonymy. Arachnology, 17 (6), 294–296.
    Caleb, J.T.D., Bera, C. & Acharya, S. (2020) New species and synonymies in the genus Carrhotus Thorell, 1891 from India (Aranei: Salticidae: Salticini). Arthropoda Selecta, 29 (1), 51–66.
    Caleb, J.T.D., Prajapati, D.A. & Ali, P.A. (2019) Redescription of Rudakius ludhianaensis (Tikader, 1974) (Aranei: Salticidae), with notes on its synonymy and distribution. Arthropoda Selecta, 28 (3), 417–423.
    Caleb, J.T.D., Prajapati, D.A., Rameshwar Maheshwari, N. & Sanap, R.V. (2017) Redescription and synonymy of Stenaelurillus arambagensis (Biswas et Biswas, 1992) comb. n. (Araneae: Salticidae). Arthropoda Selecta, 26 (2), 119–123.
    Caleb, J.T.D., Sanap, R.V., Prajapati, D.A. & Bambhaniya, P. (2021) Taxonomic notes on two jumping spider species of the genus Epocilla Thorell, 1887 (Araneae: Salticidae: Chrysillini) from India and Pakistan. Arthropoda Selecta, 30 (2), 221–229.
    Caleb, J.T.D. & Sankaran, P.M. (2022) Araneae of India. Version 2022. Available from: (accessed 7 January 2022)
    Gajbe, P.U. (2004) Spiders of Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh (Arachnida: Araneae). Records of the Zoological Survey of India, Occasional Paper, 227, 1–154.
    International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature [ICZN] (1999) International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. 4th Edition. International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature, London. Available from: (accessed 3 November 2021)
    Jastrzębski, P. (1997) Salticidae from the Himalayas. Genus Rhene Thorell, 1869 (Araneae: Salticidae). Entomologica Basiliensis, 20, 45–56.
    Karsch, F. (1879) Arachnologische Beiträge. Zeitschrift für die Gesammten Naturwissenschaften, 52, 534–562.
    Koch, C.L. (1846) s.n. In: Die Arachniden. Dreizehnter Band & Vierzehnter Band. J. L. Lotzbeck, Nürnberg, pp. 1–234, pl. 433–468 (f. 1078–1271) & pp. 1–88, pls. 467–480 (f. 1272–1342).
    Logunov, D.V. (2001) A redefinition of the genera Bianor Peckham & Peckham, 1885 and Harmochirus Simon, 1885, with the establishment of a new genus Sibianor gen. n. (Aranei: Salticidae). Arthropoda Selecta, 9, 221–286.
    Logunov, D.V. (2021) Jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae) of the Na Hang Nature Reserve, Tuyen Quang Province, Vietnam. Arachnology, 18 (9), 1021–1055.
    Maddison, W.P. (1996) Pelegrina Franganillo and other jumping spiders formerly placed in the genus Metaphidippus (Araneae: Salticidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 154, 215–368.
    Peng, X.J., Xie, L.P. & Kim, J.P. (1994) Descriptions of three species of genera Dendryphantes and Rhene from China (Araneae: Salticidae). Korean Arachnology, 10, 31–36.
    Peng, X.J. (2020) Fauna Sinica, Invertebrata 53, Arachnida: Araneae: Salticidae. Science Press, Beijing, 612 pp.
    Prószyński, J. (1984) Atlas rysunków diagnostycznych mniej znanych Salticidae (Araneae). Zeszyty Naukowe Wyższej Szkoły Rolniczo-Pedagogicznej w Siedlcach, 2, 1–177.
    Prószyński, J. (1992) Salticidae (Araneae) of India in the collection of the Hungarian National Natural History Museum in Budapest. Annales Zoologici, Warszawa, 44, 165–277.
    Roewer, C.F. (1955) Katalog der Araneae von 1758 bis 1940, bzw. 1954. 2. Band. Abt. a (Lycosaeformia, Dionycha [excl. Salticiformia]) & 2. Band. Abt. b (Salticiformia, Cribellata) (Synonyma-Verzeichnis, Gesamtindex). Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, Bruxelles, 1751 pp.
    Roy, T.K., Saha, S. & Raychaudhuri, D. (2016) A treatise on the jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae) of tea ecosystem of Dooars, West Bengal, India. World Scientific News, 53 (1), 1–66.
    Sadana, G.L. (1991) A new species of the spider of the genus Zygoballus Peckhams, 1885 (Salticidae) from India. Entomon, 16, 73–75.
    Sen, S., Dhali, D.C., Saha, S. & Raychaudhuri, D. (2015) Spiders (Araneae: Arachnida) of Reserve Forests of Dooars: Gorumara National Park, Chapramari Wildlife Sanctuary and Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary. World Scientific News, 20, 1–339.
    Simon, E. (1889) Arachnides de l’Himalaya, recueillis par MM. Oldham et Wood-Mason, et faisant partie des collections de l’Indian Museum. Première partie. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, Part II (Natural science), 58, 334–344.
    Simon, E. (1902) Description d’arachnides nouveaux de la famille des Salticidae (Attidae) (suite). Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique, 46, 24–56 + 363–406.
    Song, D.X. & Chai, J.Y. (1991) New species and new records of the family Salticidae from Hainan, China (Arachnida: Araneae). In: Qian, Y., Zhao, E.M. & Zhao, K.T. (Eds.), Animal Science Research. China Forestry Publishing House, Beijing, pp. 13–30.
    Song, D.X., Zhu, M.S. & Chen, J. (1999) The spiders of China. Hebei Science and Technology Publishing House, Shijiazhuang, 640 pp.
    Sudhin, P.P., Nafin, K.S., Caleb, J.T.D. & Sudhikumar, A.V. (2020) Redescription of Asemonea cristata Thorell, 1895 (Araneae: Salticidae: Asemoneinae), with notes on its synonymy and distribution. Arthropoda Selecta, 29 (2), 251–256.
    Thorell, T. (1869) On European spiders. Part I. Review of the European genera of spiders, preceded by some observations on zoological nomenclature. Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis, Series 3, 7, 1–108.
    Thorell, T. (1887) Viaggio di L. Fea in Birmania e regioni vicine. II. Primo saggio sui ragni birmani. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, 25, 5–417.
    Thorell, T. (1895) Descriptive catalogue of the spiders of Burma, based upon the collection made by Eugene W. Oates and preserved in the British Museum. Printed by order of the Trustees, London, 406 pp.
    Tikader, B.K. (1973) Studies on some jumping spiders from India (family: Salticidae). Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Science, 78 (B), 68–72.
    Tikader, B.K. (1977) Description of two new species of jumping-spider of the genus Rhene (family: Salticidae) from India. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Science, 85 (B), 274–277.
    Tikader, B.K. & Biswas, B. (1981) Spider fauna of Calcutta and vicinity: Part-I. Records of the Zoological Survey of India, Occasional Paper, 30, 1–149.
    Wang, C. & Li, S.Q. (2020) On eight species of jumping spiders from Xishuangbanna, Yunnan, China (Araneae, Salticidae). ZooKeys, 909, 25–57.
    Wang, C. & Li, S.Q. (2021) On ten species of jumping spiders from Xishuangbanna, China (Araneae, Salticidae). ZooKeys, 1062, 123–155.
    Wesołowska, W. (1981) Salticidae (Aranei) from North Korea, China and Mongolia. Annales Zoologici, Warszawa, 36, 45–83.
    WSC (2022) World Spider Catalog. Version 23. Natural History Museum Bern, Bern. Available from: (accessed 28 January 2022)
    Żabka, M. (1985) Systematic and zoogeographic study on the family Salticidae (Araneae) from Viet-Nam. Annales Zoologici, Warszawa, 39, 197–485.
    Żabka, M. (1988) Salticidae (Araneae) of Oriental, Australian and Pacific regions, III. Annales Zoologici, Warszawa, 41, 421–479.