Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Article
Published: 2022-06-15
Page range: 251-270
Abstract views: 301
PDF downloaded: 20

An annotated catalogue of nonditrysian Lepidoptera of India

Zoological Survey of India, M-Block, New Alipore, Kolkata 700053, West Bengal, India
Zoological Survey of India, M-Block, New Alipore, Kolkata 700053, West Bengal, India
Indian records global records biogeographic analysis systematic account type species type locality Lepidoptera

Abstract

The present catalogue comprises 88 species in 24 genera and 10 families of nonditrysian Lepidoptera from India. Information on type localities, records from India including their diversity in different biogeographic zones of India and from outside India is included. Among all, Hepialidae is the dominant family, consisting 25 species in four genera whereas, the least dominant families are Palaeosetidae and Incurvariidae with one species each. Biogeographically, North-East is home to maximum species (37 in eight families) of primitive Lepidoptera, followed by Himalaya (31 species in five families), Western Ghats (24 species in seven families) with Hepialidae as a dominating family in all the three zones. No nonditrysian is reported from Desert and Islands. Among the states of India, Meghalaya is the most diverse with 27 species in seven families.

References

  1. Anonymous [International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature] (1988) Opinions rendered by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. Opinion 1479. Antispila stadtmuellereila Hübner, [1825] designated as the type species of Antispila Hübner, [1825]. Bulletin of zoological Nomenclature, 45, 1–88.

  2. Beccaloni, G., Scoble, M., Kitching, I., Simonsen, T., Robinson, G., Pitkin, B., Hine, A. & Lyal, C. (Eds.) (2003) The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (LepIndex). Available from: https://www.nhm.ac.uk/our-science/data/lepindex/lepindex (accessed 30 December 2021)

  3. Beirne, B.P. (1945) The male genitalia of the British Stigmellidae (Nepticulidae) (Lep.). Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy. Section B: Biological, Geological, and Chemical Science, 50, 191–218.

  4. Braun, A.F. (1912) Notes on North American species of Nepticula, with descriptions of new species (Lepidoptera). Journal of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History, 21, 84–101.

  5. Braun, A.F. (1917) Nepticulidae of North America. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, 43, 155–209.

  6. Bruand, T. (1850) Catalogue des Lepidopteres du Doubs. Mémoires de la Société d’Emulation du Doubs, 3 (5–6), 23–68.

  7. Butler, A.G. (1880) Descriptions of new Species of Asiatic Lepidoptera Heterocera. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 5, 6 (31), 61–69. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222938009458894

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00222938009458894
  8. Chen, L., Owada, M., Wang, M. & Long, Y. (2009) The genus Neopseustis (Lepidoptera: Neopseustidae) from China, with description of one new species. Zootaxa, 2089 (1), 10–18. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.2089.1.2

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.2089.1.2
  9. Chu, H.F. & Wang, L.Y. (1985) On the stem-borers of Chinese hepialids [sic] (Lepidoptera: Hepialidae). Acta Entomologica Sinica, 28, 293–301.

  10. Curtis, J. (1836) Illustrations and descriptions of the genera of insects found in Great Britain and Ireland. British Entomology, 13, 578–624.

  11. [Denis, J.N.C.M. & Schiffermüller, I.] (1775) Ankündigung eines Werkes von den Schmetterlingen der Wienergegend. Bernardi, Wien, 322 pp.

  12. Felder, C. & Felder, R. in Felder, C., Felder, R. & Rogenhofer, A.F. (1874) Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Befehlen des Commodore B. von W. Zoologischer Theil, Zweiter Band, Vienna, 548 pp.

  13. Fletcher, T.B. (1920) Life-histories of Indian insects: Microlepidoptera. Memoirs of the Department of Agriculture of Agriculture in India. Entomological Series 6. Imperial Dept. of Agriculture in India by Thacker, Spink, Calcutta, 217 pp., pls. 1–68.

  14. Goeze, J.A.E. (1783) Entomologische Beyträge zu des Ritter Linné zwölften Ausgabe des Natursystems. Dritten Theiles vierter Band. 3 (4). Weidmanns Erben und Reich, Leipzig, 178 pp.

  15. Grehan, J.R. & Ismavel, V.A. (2017) Forest ghost moth fauna of northeastern India (Lepidoptera: Hepialidae: Endoclita, Palpifer, and Hepialiscus). Journal of Threatened Taxa, 9 (3), 9940–9955. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.3030.9.3.9940-9955

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.3030.9.3.9940-9955
  16. Grehan, J.R. & Mielke, C.G.C. (2017) Morphology and taxonomy of Endoclita nr. malabaricus (Moore, 1879) (Lepidoptera: Hepialidae) from Kodaikanal, India. The European Entomologist, 9 (1), 11–24.

  17. Grehan, J.R. & Mielke, C.G.C. (2019) Two new species of Palpifer Hampson, 1893 from South East Asia (Lepidoptera: Hepialidae). Bishop Museum Occasional Papers, 125, 1–23.

  18. Grehan, J.R., Mielke, C.G.C., Basu, D.N., Negi, C.S., Sharma, P.K. & Kunte, K. (2021) New species of Thitarodes Viette, 1968 ghost moth from Kumaun Himalaya, India (Lepidoptera: Hepialidae). ZooNova, 12, 1–16.

  19. Grehan, J.R., Mielke, C.G.C., Basu, D.N., Pawar, U., Ismavel, V.A., Rawlins, J.E. & Kunte, K. (2022) A new species of Endoclita C. & R. Felder, 1874 ghost moth from Karimganj district of Assam, India, with comments on the genus in Northeastern India, and clarification of E. signifer (Walker, 1856) (Lepidoptera: Hepialidae). ZooNova, 16, 1–13.

  20. Hampson, G.F. ([1893] 1892) The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Moths. Vol. 1. Taylor and Francis, London, xxiii + 527 pp.

  21. Hampson, G.F. (1896) The Fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma, Moths. Vol. IV. Taylor and Francis, London, 594 pp.

  22. Hampson, G.F. (1918) Some small families of the Lepidoptera which are not included in the catalogue of Lepidoptera Phalaenae; a list of the families and subfamilies of the Lepidoptera, with their types and a key to the families. Novitates Zoologicae, 25, 366–394. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.29772

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.29772
  23. Haworth, A.H. (1828) s.n. In: Lepidoptera Britannica; sistens digestionem novam Insectorum Lepidop­terorum quae in Magna Britannia reperiuntur, larvarum pabulo, temporeque pascendi; expansione alarum; mensibusque volandi; synonymis atque locis observationibusque variis. Vol. 4. J. Murray, London, pp. 513–609. https://doi.org/10.1080/14786442808674667

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/14786442808674667
  24. Heinemann, H.von. & Wocke, M.F. (1876) s.n. In: Die Schmetterlinge Deutschlands und der Schweiz. Zweite Abtheilung. Kleinschmetterlinge. Band 2. Die Motten und Federmotten. Heft 2. C.A. Schwetschke und Sohn, Braunschweig, pp. 389–825.

  25. Hering, M. (1925) Ueber die Gattung Neopseustis Meyrick (Lep.). Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum, Berlin, 12 (1), 141–147.

  26. Herrich-Schäffer, G.A.W. (1853) Systematische Bearbeitung der Schmetterlinge von Europa, zugleich als Text, Revision und Supplement zu Jakob Hübner’s Sammlung europäischer Schmetterlinge. Vol. 5. Die Schaben und Federmotten. G. J. Manz, Regensburg, pls. Tinei­des 87 + 88 + 94 + 95 + 105–108 + 116, pls. Pterophides 104–106.

  27. Herrich-Schäffer, G.A.W. (1855) Systematische Bearbeitung der Schmetterlinge von Europa, zugleich als Text, Revision und Supplement zu Jakob Hübner’s Sammlung europäischer Schmetterlinge. Band 5. Die Schaben und Federmotten. G.J. Manz, Regensburg, 394 pp.

  28. Hirowatari, T. (2005) Notes on Nemophora in Vietnam, with description of a new species (Lepidoptera: Adelidae). Tropical Lepidoptera, 16 (1–2), 27–34.

  29. Hoare, R.J.B. (1999) Gondwanan Nepticulidae (Lepidoptera)? Systematics and biology of the Ectoedemia (Fomoria) vannifera (Meyrick) group. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie, 142, 299–316. https://doi.org/10.1163/22119434-99900031

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/22119434-99900031
  30. Hoffmannsegg, J.C. (1798) Nemophora. In: Illiger, J.K.W. (Ed.), Verzeichniss der Käfer Preussens. Mit einer Vorrede des Professors und Pagenhofmeisters Hellwig in Braunschweig, und dem andehangten Versuche einer natürlichen Ordnungs- und Gattungs-Folge der Insekten. Gebayer, J.J., Halle, pp. 1−499.

  31. Hübner, J. (1796–1838) Sammlung europäischer Schmetterlinge. Achte Horde. Tineae Die Schaben; nach der Natur geordnet, beschrieben und vorgestellt. J. Hübner Verlag, Augsburg, 78 pp.

  32. Hwang, C.L. (1965) A new genus and species of Mnesarchaeidae (Lepidoptera: Eriocranioidea). Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica, 2 (1), 33–36.

  33. Issiki, S.T. & Stringer, H. (1932a) On new Oriental genera and species of the Hepialoidea (Lepidoptera: Homoneura), Part I. Stylops, 71–72. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3113.1932.tb01354.x

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3113.1932.tb01354.x
  34. Issiki, S.T. & Stringer, H. (1932b) On new Oriental genera and species of the Hepialoidea (Lepidoptera: Homoneura), Part II. Stylops, 73–80. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3113.1932.tb01355.x

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3113.1932.tb01355.x
  35. Koçak, A.Ö. (1981) On the nomenclature of some genera of Lepidoptera. Priamus, 1, 97–109.

  36. Kozlov, M.V. (1985) New and little known opostegid moths (Lepidoptera, Opostegi­dae) from Asiatic parts of the USSR. Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta, 134, 49–58.

  37. Kozlov, M.V. (1995) A taxonomic revision of the askoldella species-group of the genus Nemophora Hoffmannsegg (Lepidoptera, Adelidae). Entomologica scandinavica, 26, 459–472. https://doi.org/10.1163/187631295X00116

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/187631295X00116
  38. Kozlov, M.V. (1997) A taxonomic revision of the divina species-group of the genus Nemophora Hoffmannsegg (Lepidoptera, Adelidae). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, 44 (2), 137–145. https://doi.org/10.1002/mmnd.19970440204

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/mmnd.4800440204
  39. Kuroko, H. (1982) Nepticuloidea: Nepticulidae, Opostegidae. In: Inoue, H., Sugi, S., Kuroko, H., Moriuti, S. & Kawabe, A. (Eds.), Moths of Japan 1 Text. Kodansha, Tokyo, pp. 49–50.

  40. Latreille, P.A. (1796) Précis des caractères génériques des insectes, disposés dans un ordre naturel. Prévôt, Paris, xiii + 201 pp. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.58411

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.58411
  41. Lees, D.C., Rougerie, R., Zeller-Lukashort, C. & Kristensen, N.P. (2010) DNA minibarcodes in taxonomic assignment: a morphologically unique new homoneurous moth clade from the Indian Himalayas described in Micropterix (Lepidoptera, Micropterigidae). Zoologica Scripta, 39, 642–661. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.2010.00447.x

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.2010.00447.x
  42. Lees, D.C. & Zilli, A. (2019) Moths. Their biology, diversity and evolution. Natural History Museum, London, 208 pp.

  43. Liao, C.Q., Hirowatari, T. & Huang, G.H. (2021) First report of the family Palaeosetidae (Lepidoptera: Hepialoidea) from mainland China, with description of a new Ogygioses species and its phylogenetic position within the genus. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology, 24, 1040–1049. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aspen.2021.09.008

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aspen.2021.09.008
  44. Linnaeus, C. (1758) Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, Iocis. Tomus 1. Editio Decima, Reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae, iv + 824 pp. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.542

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.542
  45. Matsumura, S. (1932) Adelidae in Japan. Insecta Matsumurana, 6 (3), 121–128.

  46. Meyrick, E. (1893) Descriptions of Australian Micro-Lepidoptera, XVI. Tineidae. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 7 (2), 477–612. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.26071

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.26071
  47. Meyrick, E. (1905) Descriptions of Indian Micro-Lepidoptera. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 16, 580–619.

  48. Meyrick, E. (1906) Descriptions of Indian Micro-Lepidoptera. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 17, 403–417.

  49. Meyrick, E. (1907) Descriptions of Indian Micro-Lepidoptera. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 17, 976–994.

  50. Meyrick, E. (1908) New Microlepidoptera from India and Burma. Records of the Indian Museum, 2 (4), 395–400.

  51. Meyrick, E. (1909) Descriptions of Indian Micro-Lepidoptera. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 19 (2), 410–437.

  52. Meyrick, E. (1910) Notes and descriptions of Indian Micro-Lepidoptera. Records of the Indian Museum, 5, 217–232. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.10499

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.10499
  53. Meyrick, E. (1911) Descriptions of Indian Micro-Lepidoptera. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 21, 104–131.

  54. Meyrick, E. (1915) Descriptions of South American Micro-Lepidoptera. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London, 1915, 201–256. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.1915.tb02527.x

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.1915.tb02527.x
  55. Meyrick, E. (1912–1916a) Exotic Microlepidoptera. Vol. I. E. W. Classey, Hampton, Middlesex, 640 pp. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.9241

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.9241
  56. Meyrick, E. (1916–1923b) Exotic Microlepidoptera. Vol. II. E. W. Classey, Hampton, Middlesex, 640 pp.

  57. Meyrick, E. (1918) Descriptions of South African Micro-Lepidoptera. Annals of the Transvaal Museum, 6, 7–59.

  58. Meyrick, E. (1923–1930c) Exotic Microlepidoptera. Vol. III. E. W. Classey, Hampton, Middlesex, 640 pp.

  59. Meyrick, E. (1930–1936d) Exotic Microlepidoptera. Vol. IV. E. W. Classey, Hampton, Middlesex, 642 pp.

  60. Moore, F. ([1860]) A Catalogue of the lepidopterous Insects in the Museum of natural History at East-India House in Horsfield & Moore. Vol. 2. East India Company Museum, London, pp. 279–440.

  61. Moore, F. (1879) Descriptions of new genera and species of Asiatic Lepidoptera Heterocera. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1879, 387–417, pls. 32–34. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.1879.tb02671.x

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.1879.tb02671.x
  62. Moore, F. (1887) The Lepidoptera of Ceylon. Vol. 3. Government of Ceylon, London, 578 pp.

  63. Mutuura, A. (1971) A new genus of a homoneurous moth and the description of a new species (Lepidoptera: Neopseustidae). Canadian Entomologist, 103 (8), 1129–1136. https://doi.org/10.4039/Ent1031129-8

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.4039/Ent1031129-8
  64. Nielsen, E.S. (1982) Incurvariidae and Prodoxidae from the Himalayan area (Lepidoptera: Incurvarioidea). Insecta Matsumurana, New Series, 26, 187–200.

  65. Nielsen, E.S., Robinson, G.S. & Wagner, D.L. (2000) Ghost–moths of the world: a global inventory and bibliography of the Exoporia (Mnesarchaeoidea and Hepialoidea) (Lepidoptera). Journal of Natural History, 34, 823–878. https://doi.org/10.1080/002229300299282

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/002229300299282
  66. Oberthür, C. (1909) Études de Lépidoptérolgie compare. Vol. 3. Impr. Oberthür, Rennes, 415 pp.

  67. Pfitzner, R. & Gaede, M. (1933) 26. Familie: Hepialidae. In: Seitz, A. (Ed.), Die Gross- Schmetterlinge der Erde. 10. Spinner and SchwaÈrmer des Indo-Australischen Gebiets. s.n., Stuttgart, pp. 825–847.

  68. Powell, J.A. (1969) A synopsis of Nearctic Adelid moths, with descriptions of new species (Incurvariidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society, 23 (4), 211–240.

  69. Puplesis, R.K. (1984) A review of nepticulid moths of the genus Microcalyptris (Lepidoptera, Nepticu­lidae) from the deserts of Mongolia and the USSR. Nasekomye Mongolii, 9, 484–507.

  70. Puplesis, R.K. & Diškus, A. (2003) Strategic regional revisions with description of new species. In: Puplesis, R. & Diškus, A. (Eds.), The Nepticu­loidea & Tischerioidea (Lepidoptera)—a global review, with strategic regional revisions. Lutute publishers, Kaunas, pp. 176–289.

  71. Puplesis, R.K. & Robinson, G.S. (1999) Revision of the Oriental Opostegidae (Lepidoptera) with general comments on phylogeny within the family. Bulletin of The Natural History Museum, Entomology Series, 68 (1), 1–92.

  72. Rebel, H. (1901) Catalog der Lepidopteren des Palaearctischen Faunengebietes. II. Theil: Famil. Pyralidae-Micropterygidae. Friedländer & Sohn, Berlin, 368 pp.

  73. Regier, J.C., Mitter, C., Kristensen, N.P., Davis, D.R., van Nieukerken, E.J., Rota, J., Simonsen, T.J., Mitter, K.T., Kawahara, A.Y., Yen, S.H., Cummings, M.P. & Zwick, A. (2015) A molecular phylogeny for the oldest (nonditrysian) lineages of extant Lepidoptera, with implications for classification, comparative morphology and life-history evolution. Systematic Entomology, 40, 671–704. https://doi.org/10.1111/syen.12129

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/syen.12129
  74. Rodgers, W.A., Panwar, H.S. & Mathur, V.B. (2002) Wildlife Protected Area Network in India: A Review, Executive Summary. Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun, 51 pp.

  75. Savela, M. (2018) FUNET. Available at: http://ftp.funet.fi/pub/sci/bio/life/insecta/lepidoptera (accessed 30 March 2022)

  76. Schrank, F.P. (1802) Fauna Boica. Durchgedachte Geschichte der in Baiern einheimis­chen und zahmen Thiere. Zweyter Band, zweyte Abtheilung. J. W. Krüll, Ingolstadt, 412 pp.

  77. Scoble, M.J. (1980) The genus Niepeltia Strand: taxonomy, and comments on structure and relationships (Lepidoptera: Nepticulidae). Annals of the Transvaal Museum, 32 (8), 197–229.

  78. Shubhalaxmi, V., Kendrick, R.C., Vaidya, A., Kalagi, N. & Bhagwat, A. (2011) Inventory of moth fauna (Lepidoptera: Heterocera) of the northern Western Ghats, Maharashtra, India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 108 (3), 183–205.

  79. Spuler, A. (1898) Übersicht über die Lepidopterenfauna des Großherzogtums Baden und der anstoßenden Länder. s.n., Karlsruhe, 361 pp.

  80. Stainton, H.T. (1854) Insecta Brittanica, Lepidoptera: Tineina. Lovell Reeve, London, 313 pp. https://doi.org/10.5962/t.173033

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.5962/t.173033
  81. Stainton, H.T. (1855) Lepidoptera. The new British species in 1854. Entomologist’s Annual, 1855, 62–72.

  82. Stephens, J.F. (1829) A systematic catalogue of British insects: being an attempt to arrange all the hitherto discovered indigenous insects in accordance with their natural affinities. Baldwin and Cradock, London, 388 pp. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.8987

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.8987
  83. Stonis, J.R., Diškus, A., Paulavičiűtë, B. & Monro, A.K. (2017) Urticaceae–feeders from the family Tischeriidae: descriptions of two new species and new genus Paratischeria gen. nov. Biologija, 63 (1), 1–22. https://doi.org/10.6001/biologija.v63i1.3470

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.6001/biologija.v63i1.3470
  84. Stonis, J.R., Diškus, A., Remeikis, A., Navickaitë, A. & Rocienë, A. (2013a) Description of new species of oak leaf-miners (Lepidoptera: Nepticulidae), with notes on the species groups of Stigmella Schrank associated with Quercus as a host-plant. Zootaxa, 3737 (3), 201–222. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3737.3.1

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3737.3.1
  85. Stonis, J.R., Diškus, A., Remeikis, A. & Solis, M.A. (2018) The American Brachinepticula gen. nov. and Manoneura Davis (Nepticulidae): a new generic concept based on a reinforced cathrema in the phallus. Biologija, 64 (2), 99–128. https://doi.org/10.6001/biologija.v64i2.3735

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.6001/biologija.v64i2.3735
  86. Stonis, J.R., Diškus, A., Solis, M.A. & Monro, A.K. (2021) Diagnostics of Manitisheria gen. nov., an Old-World genus of leaf-mining Tischeriidae, composed of new species and species formerly in Tischeria Zeller. Zootaxa, 4964 (2), 251–287. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4964.2.2

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4964.2.2
  87. Stonis, J.R., Remeikis, A. & Sruoga, V. (2013b) An annotated list of the Opostegidae of the Himalaya, with a description of Pseudopostega brevicaudata sp. nov. (Lepidoptera: Nepticuloidea). Zootaxa, 3609 (2), 182–194. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3609.2.4

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3609.2.4
  88. Swinhoe, C. (1892) Catalogue of eastern and Australian Lepidoptera Heterocera in the collection of the Oxford University Museum. I. Sphinges and Bombyces. Clarendon Press, Oxford, viii + 324 pp.

  89. Swinhoe, C. (1894) New species of Eastern Lepidoptera. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 14 (84), 429–443. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222939408677830

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00222939408677830
  90. Swinhoe, C. (1905) New species of eastern Heterocera in the National Collection. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 15 (7), 149–167. https://doi.org/10.1080/03745480509442813

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/03745480509442813
  91. Tindale, N.B. (1941) Revision of the ghost moths (Lepidoptera Homoneura, family Hepialidae). Part IV. Records of the South Australian Museum, 7, 15–46.

  92. Tindale, N.B. (1942) Revision of the ghost moths (Lepidoptera Homoneura, family Hepialidae). Part V. Records of the South Australian Museum, 7, 151–168.

  93. Tindale, N.B. (1958) Revision of the ghost moths (Lepidoptera Homoneura, family Hepialidae). Part VII. Records of the South Australian Museum, 13, 157–197.

  94. Treitschke, G.F. (1833) Die Schmetterlinge von Europa. Ernst Fleischer, Leipzig, 294 pp.

  95. Turner, A.J. (1922) Observations on the structure of some Australian Lepidoptera Homoneura, including the diagnosis of two new families. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London, 1921, 592–603.

  96. Ueda, K. (2000) Hepialidae. In: Haruta, T. (Ed.), Moths of Nepal. Part 6. Tinea, 16 (1), 70–93.

  97. van Nieukerken, E.J. (2010a) Order Lepidoptera, family Nepticulidae. Arthropod fauna of the UAE, 3, 492–514.

  98. van Nieukerken, E.J. (2010b) Order Lepidoptera, family Tischeriidae. Arthropod fauna of the UAE, 3, 515–518.

  99. van Nieukerken, E.J., Doorenweerd, C., Hoare, R.J.B. & Davis, D.R. (2016) Revised classification and catalogue of global Nepticulidae and Opostegidae (Lepidoptera, Nepticuloidea). Zookeys, 628, 65–246. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.628.9799

  100. van Nieukerken, E.J. & Geertsema, H. (2015) A new leafminer on grapevine and Rhoicissus (Vitaceae) in South Africa within an expanded generic concept of Holocacista (Insecta, Lepidoptera, Heliozelidae). ZooKeys, 507, 41–97. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.507.9536

  101. Viette, P.E.L. (1968) Contribution à l’étude des Hépialidae (36ème note): Lepidoptera Hepialidae du Népal, Khumbu Himal, 3 (1), 128–133.

  102. Walker, F. (1856) s.n. In: List of the specimens of Lepidopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Vol. 7. Trustees of the British Museum Natural History, London, pp. 1509–1808.

  103. Walker, F. (1865) s.n. In: List of the specimens of the Lepidopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Vol. 32. Trustees of the British Museum Natural History, London, pp. 323–706.

  104. Walker, F. (1869) Characters of undescribed Lepidoptera Heterocera. E.W. Janson, London, 128 pp. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.21064

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.21064
  105. Walsingham, T.L. (1880) On some new and little known species of Tineidae. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1880, 77–93.

  106. Walsingham, T.L. & Durrant, J.H. (1900) Pterophoridae and Tineina. In: Swinhoe, C., Walsingham, T.L. & Durrant, J.H. (Eds.), Catalogue of Eastern and Australian Lepidoptera Heterocera in the collection of The Oxford University Museum. The Clarendon Press, University of Oxford, London, pp. 541–594.

  107. Walsingham, T.L. (1908) Microlepidoptera of Tenerife. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1908, 911–1034. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1907.tb06964.x

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1907.tb06964.x
  108. Walsingham, T.L. & Durrant, J.H. (1909) Revision of the nomenclature of Microlepidoptera. The Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine, Second Series, 20 (45), 155–157.

  109. Walsingham, T.L. (1914) Insecta: Lepidoptera: Heterocera. In: Godman, F.D. & Salvin, O. (Eds.), Tineina, Pterophorina, Orneodina, and Pyralidina and Hepialina. Biologia CentraliAmericana. Vol. 4. R. H. Porter, London, pp. 1–482.

  110. Xu, J., Dai, X., Liu, P., Bai, H., Diškus, A. & Stonis, J.R. (2017) First report on Paratischeria from Asia (Lepidoptera: Tischeriidae). Zootaxa, 4350 (2), 331–344.  https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4350.2.8

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4350.2.8
  111. Yang, X.H., Yu, Y.H., Wu, Y.J., Qin, J.L. & Qing, Y. (2013) First report of Endoclita signifer (Lepidoptera: Hepialidae) as a new pest on Eucalyptus. Journal of Economic Entomology, 106 (2), 866–873. https://doi.org/10.1603/EC12310

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1603/EC12310
  112. Zeller, P.C. (1839) Versuch einer naturgemässen Eintheilung der Schaben. Isis von Oken, 1839, 167–220.