Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Article
Published: 2022-09-08
Page range: 489-498
Abstract views: 282
PDF downloaded: 28

Life History of Erotylina jaspidea (Erichson, 1847) (Coleoptera, Erotyloidea, Erotylidae, Erotylini)

Laboratório de Biologia de Fungos, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil.
Laboratório de Sistemática e Bioecologia de Coleoptera, Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR), Curitiba, PR, Brazil.
Laboratório de Sistemática e Biologia de Coleoptera, Departamento de Biologia Animal, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Laboratório de Biologia de Fungos, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil.
Coleoptera Erotylinae host fungi immature stages laboratory rearing mycophagy Neotropical


The life history of Erotylina jaspidea (Erichson, 1847) (Coleoptera, Erotyloidea, Erotylidae, Erotylini) is described. A female specimen was found in an Atlantic Forest remnant in Northeast Brazil. After oviposition, individuals were reared in Petri dish and terrarium, feeding on basidiomes of Lentinus substrictus (Bolton) Zmitr. & Kovalenko, Favolus tenuiculus P. Beauv (Polyporaceae) and an unidentified resupinate fungus. Growth and feeding behaviors were regularly observed. We provide information on the observed life history stages, together with morphological descriptions, and photographs of eggs, larvae, pupae and adults. We compared our description of the teneral E. jaspidea to species of similar color pattern. Furthermore, we discuss hypotheses about larval defensive behavior and total instar durations in E. jaspidea and other Erotylinae representatives. The present work is the first to provide a description for the life history of a species of the genus Erotylina.



  1. Alvarenga, M. (1977) Notas Taxonômicas sobre a família Erotylidae (Coleoptera). Dusenia, 10 (2), 103–107.
    Alvarenga, M. (1994) Catálogo dos Erotylidae (Coleoptera) Neotropicais. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 11 (1), 1–175.
    Cai, C., Tihelka, E., Giacomelli, M., Lawrence, J.F., Ślipiński, A., Kundrata, R., Yamamoto, S, Thayer, M.K., Newton, A.F., Leschen, R.A.B., Gimmel, M.L, Lü, L., Engel, M.S., Bouchard, P., Huang, D., Pisani, D. & Donoghue, P.C.J. (2022) Integrated phylogenomics and fossil data illuminate the evolution of beetles. Royal Society Open Science, 9, 211771.
    Carlton, C.E., Townsend, V.R., Van Zandt, P.A. & Mopper, S. (2000) Description of the larva of Loberus impressus (Coleoptera: Languriidae: Xenoscelinae) with notes on its natural history. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 93 (3), 356–361.[0356:DOTLOL]2.0.CO;2
    Costa, C., Vanin, S.A. & Casari-Chen, S.A. (1988) Larvas de Coleoptera do Brasil. Museu de Zoologia, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, 282 pp + 165 pls.
    Curran, C.H. (1944) Notes and descriptions of some American Erotylidae. American Museum Novitates, 1256, 1–14.
    Delgado L. & Navarrete-Heredia J.L. (2011) Coleópteros micetobiontes (Insecta: Coleoptera). In: Cruz Angón A (Ed.), La Biodiversidad en Veracruz, estudio de estado. Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad (CONABIO), Instituto de Ecología, Mexico, 10 pp.
    Drilling, K. & Dettner, K. (2010) First insights into the chemical defensive system of the erotylid beetle, Tritoma bipustulata. Chemoecology, 20 (4), 243–253.
    Drilling, K., Dettner, K. & Klass, K.D. (2013) The distribution and evolution of exocrine compound glands in Erotylinae (Insecta: Coleoptera: Erotylidae). Annales de la Société entomologique de France, 49 (1), 36–52.
    Graves, R.C. (1965) Observations on the ecology, behavior and life cycle of the fungus-feeding Beetle, Cypherotylus californicus, with a description of the pupa (Coleoptera: Erotylidae). The Coleopterists Bulletin, 19 (4), 117–122. []
    Hanski, I. (1989) Fungivory: fungi, insects and ecology. In: Wilding, N., Collins, N. M., Hammond, P. M. & Webber (Eds.), Insect-fungus interactions. Academic press, San Diego, USA, pp. 25–68.
    International Commission of Zoological Nomenclature [ICZN] (1999) International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature, The Natural History Museum, London. Available from: (accessed on 8 August 2020)
    Lawrence, J.F. (1991) Erotylidae (Cucujoidea). In: Stehr, F.W. (Ed.), Immature Insects Vol. 2. Kendall/Hunt, Dubuque, Iowa, pp. 473–475.
    Leschen, R.A. (1994) Ecological and behavioral correlates among mycophagous Coleoptera. Folia Entomologica Mexicana, 92, 9–19.
    Leschen, R.A. & Buckley, T.R. (2007) Multistate characters and diet shifts: evolution of Erotylidae (Coleoptera). Systematic Biology, 56 (1), 97–112.
    McHugh, J.V., Marshall, C.J. & Fawcett, F.L. (1997) A study of adult morphology in Megalodacne heros (Say) (Coleoptera: Erotylidae). Transactions of the American Entomological Society, 123 (4), 167–223.
    McHugh, J.V. (2001) Descriptions of immature stages for Megischyrus (Erotylidae: Tritominae) and a review of literature on larval Erotylidae. Annales Zoologici, 51 (3), 299–310.
    Medrano-Cabral, S., Bastardo, R.H. & Skelley, P.E. (2009) Aegithus clavicornis (Linnaeus) (Coleoptera: Erotylidae) in the Dominican Republic. Insecta Mundi, 75, 1–2.
    Moreira, G.F., Moreira, C.C., Andaló, V., Moino Jr., A., Cardoso-Freira, M.M. & Dias, E.S. (2010) Laboratory rearing technique and biology of Mycotretus apicalis (Coleoptera: Erotylidae) on dried Pleurotus sajor-caju mushrooms. Revista Colombiana de Entomología, 36 (2), 342–345.
    Pecci-Maddalena, I.S.C. & Lopes-Andrade, C. (2017) Redescription of two species and proposal of a new synonym in the genus Mycotretus Lacordaire, 1842 (Coleoptera: Erotylidae: Tritomini). Zootaxa, 4282 (1), 147–165.
    Pecci-Maddalena, I.S.C., Skelley, P. & Lopes-Andrade, C. (2021a) Taxonomic review of Mycomystes Gorham, 1888 (Coleoptera: Erotylidae: Tritomini). Journal of Natural History, 54 (47–48), 3075–3102.
    Pecci-Maddalena, I.S.C., Skelley, P.E. & Almeida, L.M. (2021b) Erotylina Curran (Coleoptera, Erotylidae, Erotylini): redescription of type species, potential species groups and diversity of color patterns. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 93 (4), e20201452.
    Roberts, A.R. (1939) On the taxonomy of Erotylidae (Coleoptera), with special reference to the morphological characters of the larvae. Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London, 88 (3), 89–117.
    Roberts, A.R. (1958) On the taxonomy of Erotylidae (Coleoptera), with special reference to the morphological characters of the larvae. II. Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London, 110 (8), 245–285.
    Robertson, J.A., McHugh, J.V. & Whiting, M.F. (2004) A molecular phylogenetic analysis of the pleasing fungus beetles (Coleoptera: Erotylidae): evolution of colour patterns, gregariousness and mycophagy. Systematic Entomology, 29, 173–187.
    Sato, T., Shinkaji, N. & Amano, H. (1999) Selective oviposition by adult females and larval growth of Dacne picta Crotch (Coleoptera: Erotylidae) on different growing stages of the shiitake mushroom, Lentinula edodes. Applied Entomology and Zoology, 34 (1), 1–7.
    Skelley, P.E., Goodrich, M.A. & Leschen, R.A.B. (1991) Fungal host records for Erotylidae (Coleoptera: Cucujoidea) of America North of Mexico. Entomological News, 102 (2), 57–72.
    Steiner, W.E., Jr (2014) Larvae and pupae of two North American darkling beetles (Coleoptera, Tenebrionidae, Stenochiinae), Glyptotus cribratus LeConte and Cibdelis blaschkei Mannerheim, with notes on ecological and behavioural similarities. ZooKeys, 415, 311–327.
    Toki, W., Matsuo, S., Pham, H.T. & Yoshitomi, H. (2014) Morphology of adult and immature stages, and host plant use of Doubledaya sinuata (Coleoptera: Erotylidae: Languriinae). Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae, 54 (2), 623–634. []
    Węgrzynowicz, P. (2002) Morphology, phylogeny and classification of the family Erotylidae based on adult characters (Coleoptera: Cucujoidea). Genus, 13 (4), 435–504.
    Yoshida, T. & Leschen, R. (2020) A new genus of Pharaxonothinae from Australia (Coleoptera: Erotylidae). Zootaxa, 4838 (2), 273–282.
    Zaitsev, A.A., Kompantsev, A.V. & Zaitsev, A.I. (2016) A review of larval Encaustini (Coleoptera: Erotylidae) from Russia. Russian Entomological Journal, 25 (4), 367–386.
    Zmitrovich, I.V. & Kovalenko, A.E. (2016) Lentinoid and polyporoid fungi, two generic conglomerates containing important medicinal mushrooms in molecular perspective. International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, 18 (1), 23–28.