Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Article
Published: 2022-10-05
Page range: 176-192
Abstract views: 313
PDF downloaded: 47

Study of the genus Ethmia Hübner, [1819] (Lepidoptera: Ethmiidae) from China, with descriptions of six new species

College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China.
College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China.
Lepidoptera microlepidoptera Gelechioidea species-groups taxonomy


Six new species of Ethmia Hübner [1819] are described and illustrated from China: E. adunatimacula sp. nov., E. anfracta sp. nov., E. anomala sp. nov., E. corrugata sp. nov., E. rectiuga sp. nov. and E. transtimacula sp. nov. Two species (E. anatiformis Kun, 2001 and E. vietmiella Kun, 2001) are newly recorded for China; one species (E. crocosoma Meyrick, 1914) is newly recorded for the Mainland China. The male of E. susa Kun & Szabóky 2000 and the females of E. antennipilosa Wang & Li, 2004, E. vietmiella Kun, 2001 and E. yeni Kun, 2001 are reported for the first time. Images of adults and genitalia are provided.



  1. Busck, A. (1909) Notes on Microlepidoptera, with descriptions of new North American species. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 11, 87‒103.
    Butler, A.G. (1879) On a collection of Lepidoptera from Cachar, N.E. India. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London, 1879 (1), 1‒8.
    Diakonoff, A. (1969) Key to Philippine genera of Ethmiidae. Bulletin of the US National Museum, 257, 249‒259.
    Falck, P. & Karsholt, O. (2019) The Ethmia terminella group from the Canary Islands (Spain) and Morocco (Lepidoptera Depressariidae, Ethmiinae). SHILAP Revista de lepidopterologia, 47 (188), 641–649.
    Heikkilä, M., Mutanen, M., Kekkonen, M. & Kaila, L. (2014) Morphology reinforces proposed molecular phylogenetic affinities: a revised classification for Gelechioidea (Lepidoptera). Cladistics, 30, 1–27.
    Hodges, R.W. (1998) The Gelechioidea. In: Kristensen, N.P. (Ed.), Lepidoptera. Moths and butterflies. Vol. 35. Walter de Gruyter & Co, Berlin & New York, pp. 131–158.
    Hübner, J. [1819] Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge. Verfasser, Augsberg, 160 pp. [pp. 17‒176]
    Kaila, L. (2004) Phylogeny of the superfamily Gelechioidea (Lepidoptera: Ditrysia): an exemplar approach. Cladistics, 20, 303–340.
    Kim, S., Kaila, L. & Lee, S. (2016) Evolution of larval life mode of Oecophoridae (Lepidoptera: Gelechioidea) inferred from molecular phylogeny. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 101, 314–335.
    Kun, A. (2001) New Ethmiinae (Lepidoptera: Oecophoridae) species from Southeast Asia. Annales Historico Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici, 93, 207–217.
    Kun, A. (2004) A review of the Ethmia lineatonotella species group, with description of two new species (Lepidoptera, Ethmiidae). Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 50 (4), 337–351.
    Kun, A. & Szabóky, C. (2000) Survey of the Taiwanese Ethmiinae (Lepidoptera, Oecophoridae) with descriptions of three new species. Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 46 (1), 53–78.
    Li, H.H. (2002) The Gelechiidae of China (I) (Lepidoptera: Gelechioidea). Nankai University Press, Tianjin, 538 pp.
    Liu, Y.Q. (1980) A study of Chinese Ethmia Hübner (Lepidoptera: Ethmiidae) in classification, distribution and numerical taxonomy. Entomotaxonomia, 2 (4), 267–284.
    Matsumura, S. (1931) 6000 Illustrated insects of the Japanese empire. Tôkô Shoin, Tokyo, 1497 pp.
    Meyrick, E. (1887) Descriptions of new Lepidoptera. Proceedings of the Linnaean Society of New South Wales, 1 (2), 1037‒1048.
    Meyrick, E. (1914a) Exotic Microlepidoptera, Marlborough. Vol. 1. Printed by Taylor and Francis, London, 32 pp. [pp. 161‒192]
    Meyrick, E. (1914b) H. Sauter’s Formosa Ausbeute. Pterophoridae, Tortricidae, Eucosmidae, Gelechiadae, Oecophoridae, Cosmopterygidae, Hypomeutidae, Sesiadae, Glyphipterygidae, Plutellidae, Teneidae, Adelidae (Lep.). Supplementa Entomologica, 3, 45‒62.
    Meyrick, E. (1932) Exotic Microlepidoptera, Marlborough. Vol. 4. Printed by Taylor and Francis, London, 32 pp. [pp. 321‒352]
    Moore, F. (1867) On the Lepidopterous Insects of Bengal. Part II & III Proceedings of the scientific meetings of the zoological Society of London, 1867, 612–686.
    Nieukerken, E.J. van, Kaila, L., Kitching, I.J., Kristensen, N.P., Lees, D.C., Minet, J., Mitter, C., Mutanen, M., Regier, J.C., Simonsen, T.J., Wahlberg, N., Yen, S.-H., Zahiri, R., Adamski, D., Baixeras, J., Bartsch, D., Bengtsson, B.A., Brown, J.W., Bucheli, S.R., Davis, D.R., De Prins, J., De Prins, W., Epstein, M.E., Gentili-Poole, P., Gielis, C., Hattenschwiler, P., Hausmann, A., Holloway, J.D., Kallies, A., Karsholt, O., Kawahara, A.Y., Koster, J.C., Kozlov, M.V., Lafontaine, J.D., Lamas, G., Landry, J.-F., Lee, S., Nuss, M., Park, K.-T., penz, C., Rota, J., Schmidt, B.C., Schitlmeister, A., Sohn, J.-S., Solis, M.A., Tarmann, G.M., Warren, A.D., Weller, S., Yakovlev, R.V., Zolotuhin, V.V. & Zwick, A. (2011) Order Lepidoptera Linnaeus, 1758. In: Zhang, Z.Q. (Ed.), Animal Biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa, 3148 (1), pp. 212–221.
    Nupponen, K. (2015) Interesting records of Ethmiinae from the former USSR, with description of Ethmia ustyurtensis Nupponen, sp. n. from Kazakhstan (Lepidoptera: Gelechioidea, Elachistidae). SHILAP Revista de lepidopterologia, 43 (169), 125‒131.
    Sattler, K. (1967) Ethmiidae. Microlepidoptera Palaearctica. Vol. 2. Verlag Georg Fromme & Co., Wien, 185 pp.
    Walsingham, L. (1912) s.n. In: Insecta. Lepidoptera-Heterocera. Vol. 4. Tineina, Pterophorina, Orenodina and Pyralidina and Hepialidina (part). Biologia Centrali-Americana Lepidoptera Heterocera. Published for the editors by R. H. Porter, London, pp. 113–168.
    Wang, J.J.,Wang, Q.Y. & Wang, S.X. (2020) Ethmiidae. In: Li, H.H., Wang S.X. & Qi, M.J. (Eds.), Fanua of Tianmu Mountain. Vol. X. Zhejiang University, Press, Zhejiang, pp. 98‒103.
    Wang, J.J. & Wang, S.X. (2012a) One new species and two new synonyms in the genus Ethmia (Lepidoptera: Elachistidae: Ethmiinae). Zootaxa, 3260 (1), 47–52.
    Wang, J.J. & Wang, S.X. (2012b) Review of the nigroapicella group in the genus Ethmia Hübner, [1819] from China (Lepidoptera: Elachistidae, Ethmiinae). SHILAP Revista de lepidopterologia, 40 (157), 77‒84.
    Wang, Q.Y. & Li, H.H. (2020) Phylogeny of the superfamily Gelechioidea (Lepidoptera: Obtectomera), with an exploratory application on geometric morphometrics. Zoologica Scripta, 1–22. [published online]
    Wang, S.X. & Li, H.H. (2004) Two new species of Ethmia Hübner from China (Lepidoptera: Elachistidae: Ethmiinae). Entomological News, 115 (3), 135–138.
    Wei, C.H., Kun, A. & Yen, S.H. (2007) A preliminary analysis of the phylogeny of the Ethmiinae moths (Lepidoptera, Gelechioidea) with special reference to the evolutionary patterns of host use. Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 53 (Supplement 1), 61–100.