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Type: Article
Published: 2023-03-27
Page range: 1-38
Abstract views: 263
PDF downloaded: 38

Six new species of Elpidium Müller, 1880 (Podocopida: Limnocytheridae) from Eastern Brazil

Universidade Federal da Paraíba (UFPB), Centro de Ciências Exatas e da Natureza, Departamento de Zoologia, Campus I, Castelo Branco, CEP 58051-900, João Pessoa/PB, Brazil.
Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto de Biociências, Departamento de Zoologia, Rua do Matão, trav. 14, n. 101, CEP 05508-900, São Paulo/SP, Brazil.
3Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Freshwater Biology, Vautierstraat 29, B-13 1000. Brussels, Belgium and Ghent University, Biology, K.L. Ledeganckstraat 35, B-14 9000 Ghent, Belgium.
4Universidade de Brasília, Instituto de Geociências, Laboratório de Micropaleontologia, ICC-Ala Central, Subsolo ASS339/10, Campus Universitário Darcy Ribeiro, Asa Norte, CEP 70910-900, Brasília/DF, Brazil.
Universidade Federal da Paraíba (UFPB), Centro de Ciências Exatas e da Natureza, Departamento de Zoologia, Campus I, Castelo Branco, CEP 58051-900, João Pessoa/PB, Brazil.
Crustacea Taxonomy endemism Neotropical fauna tank-bromeliads E. bromeliarum morphology


Elpidium is the most common ostracod genus occurring in phytotelmata in the Neotropical region, with distributions ranging from Florida, USA in the north to Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil in the south. However, the genus remains poorly known both in terms of diversity and of the distributional pattern of its species. Here, we describe six new species of Elpidium, E. oxumae n. sp., E. cordiforme n. sp., E. picinguabaense n. sp., E. eriocaularum n. sp., E. higutiae n. sp., E. purium n. sp., all from phytotelm environments in the Brazilian Atlantic rain forest. In addition, we discuss the distributional pattern and endemicity levels of Elpidium species in the light of these new taxonomic results and argue about possible misunderstandings on the distribution of the type species E. bromeliarum.



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