Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Article
Published: 2023-08-17
Page range: 509-534
Abstract views: 259
PDF downloaded: 29

Revision of Brazilian species of Aleochara Gravenhorst of the subgenus Xenochara Mulsant & Rey (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae)

Department of Biodiversity; Federal University of Paraná; Palotina; PR; Brazil
Department of Biodiversity; Federal University of Paraná; Palotina; PR; Brazil
Coleoptera Biodiversity Neotropical region new species new synonyms species key

Abstract

Aleochara species occur in fly-infested habitats. The larvae feed on the pupae of cyclorraphous Diptera. In Brazil, four subgenera and approximately 30 species have been found. This study provides a taxonomic revision of the Brazilian species of the subgenus Xenochara. Eight species are recognized: A. (X.) puberula Klug, 1833, A. (X.) verberans Erichson, 1839, A. (X.) simulatrix Sharp, 1883, A. (X.) taeniata Erichson, 1839, A. (X.) capitinigra sp. nov., A. (X.) repetita Sharp, 1887, A. (X.) lapidicola (Sahlberg, 1844) and A. (X.) leivasorum sp. nov. One species is revalidated: A. (X.) lapicola, a former junior synonym of A. (X.) taeniata. Two synonyms are proposed: A. opacula Bernhauer, 1901 as a junior synonym of A. (X.) repetita, and A. festiva Pace, 1990 as a junior synonym of A. (X.) lapidicola. Finally, a species key and a checklist with all synonyms are provided for the Brazilian species of Aleochara (Xenochara).

 

References

  1. Almeida, M.A.F. de & Prado, A.P. (1999) Aleochara spp. (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) and pupal parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) attacking symbovine fly pupae (Diptera: Muscidae, Sarcophagidae and Otitidae) in Southeastern Brazil. Biological Control, 14, 77–83. https://doi.org/10.1006/bcon.1998.0671
  2. Asenjo, A., Irmler, U., Klimaszewski, J., Chandler, D., Fierro-López, H.E. & Vieira, J.S. (2019) Staphylinidae (Insecta: Coleoptera) in Latin America: synopsis, annotated catalog, diversity and distribution. Zootaxa, 4621 (1), 1–406. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4621.1.1
  3. Assing, V. (2009) On the taxonomy and zoogeography of some Palaearctic Aleochara species of the subgenera Xenochara Mulsant & Rey and Rheochara Mulsant & Rey (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae). Beiträge zur Entomologie, 59 (1), 33–101. https://doi.org/10.21248/contrib.entomol.59.1.33-101
  4. Assing, V. (2016) On the Sstaphylinidae of Turkey XI. Two new species, new sinonymies, and additional records (Insecta: Coleoptera). Linzer Biologische Beiträge, 48 (1), 269–280.
  5. Aubé, C. (1850) Description de quelques insectes coléoptères appartenant à l’Europe et à l’Algérie. Annales de la Société entomologique de France, 8, 299–346.
  6. Bernhauer, M. (1901) Neueexotische Arten der Gattung Aleochara Gravenhorst. Stettiner Entomologische Zeitung, 62, 366–373.
  7. Bernhauer, M. & Scheerpeltz, O. (1926) Staphylinidae VI. Coleopterorum Catalogus, 82, 499–988.
  8. Buss, B. C., Moussalen, M. & Caron, E. (2018) Rediscovery and new subgenus assignment of Aleochara repetita Sharp (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae). The Coleopterist Bulletin, 72 (4), 702–706. https://doi.org/10.1649/0010-065X-72.4.702
  9. Cajaiba, R.L., Périco, E., Caron, E. Dalzochio, M.S., Silva, W.B. & Santos, M. (2017) Are disturbance gradients in neotropical ecosystems detected using rove beetles? A case study in the Brazilian Amazon. Forest Ecology and Management, 405, 319–327. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2017.09.058
  10. Caron, E., Mise, K.M. & Klimaszewski, J. (2008) Aleochara pseudochrysorrhoa, a new species from southern Brazil (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae), with a complete checklist of Neotropical species of the genus. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 25 (4), 827–842. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-81752008000400022
  11. Caron, E., Moussallem, M. & Bortoluzzi, S. (2019) Revision of Brazilian species of Aleochara Gravenhorst of the subgenus Aleochara (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae). Zootaxa, 4712 (1), 1–33. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4712.1.1
  12. Casey, T.L. (1906) Observations on the staphylinid groups Aleocharinae and Xantholinini, chiefly of America. Transactions of the Academy of Science of Saint Louis, 16, 125–434. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.48654
  13. Chevrolat, A. & Fauvel, A. (1863) Coléoptères de l’île de Cuba (suite). Notes, synonymies et descriptions d’espèces nouvelles. Troisième mémoire. Famille des staphyliniens. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, Series 4, 3, 427–466. https://doi.org/10.1080/00379271.1863.11755444
  14. Erichson, W.F. (1839) Genera et species Staphylinorum insectorum coleopterorum familiae. F. H. Morin, Berlin, 400 pp. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.59644
  15. Eichelbaum, F. (1912) Die von Herrn Dr. Christoph Schröder in den Parehbergen und auf dem Kilimandjaro im Januar 1906 gesammelten Staphylinidae (darunter zwei neue Philonthusarten). Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift, 56, 173–176. https://doi.org/10.1002/mmnd.48019110814
  16. Fauvel, A. (1891) Voyage de M. E. Simon au Vénézuela (Décembre 1887-Avril 1888). 11eMémoire. Revue d’Entomologie, 10, 87–127.
  17. Fauvel, A. (1901) Description d’une nouvelle espece de Staphylin de la Terre de Feu. Comunicaciones del Museo Nacional de Buenos Aires, 1, 1–282.
  18. Fenyes, A. (1918) Coleoptera: Fam. Staphylinidae, subfam. Aleocharinae. In: Wytsman, P. (Ed.), Genera Insectorum. Fasc. 173 A. L. Desmet-Verteneuil, Bruxelles, pp. 1–110.
  19. Fenyes, A. (1920) Coleoptera. Fam. Staphylinidae, subfam. Aleocharinae. In: Wytsman, P. (Ed.), Genera Insectorum. Fasc. 173 B. L. Desmet-Verteneuil, Bruxelles, pp. 111–414.
  20. Ganglbauer, L. (1895) Die Käfer von Mitteleuropa. Die Käfer der österreichisch-ungarischen Monarchie, Deutschlands, der Schweiz, sowie des französischen und italienischen Alpengebietes. 2. Familienreihe Staphylinoidea. Theil I. Staphylinidae, Pselaphidae. Carl Gerold’s Sohn, Wien, 881 pp. https://doi.org/10.1002/mmnd.48018950245
  21. Goeze, J.A.E. (1777) s.n. In: Entomologische beyträge zu des ritter Linné zwölften ausgabe des natursystems. Erster Theil. Weidmanns Erben & Reich, Leipzig, pp. v–xvi + 1–736. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.45974
  22. Gravenhorst, J.L.C. (1802) Coleoptera Microptera Brunsvicensia nec non exoticorum quotquot exstant in collectionibus entomologorum Brunsvicensium in genera familias et species distribuit. Carolus Reichard, Brunsuigae, lxvi + 206 pp. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.9568
  23. ICZN (1999) International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. Fourth Edition. The International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature, London, xxix + 306 pp.
  24. Klimaszewski, J. (1984) A revision of the genus Aleochara Gravenhorst of America north of Mexico (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae, Aleocharinae). Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada, 116 (129), 3–211. https://doi.org/10.4039/entm116129fv
  25. Klimaszewski, J. (1989) A review of Sharp’s types of Aleochara from Latin America (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Insect Systematics & Evolution, 20 (1),1–14. https://doi.org/10.1163/187631289X00465
  26. Klimaszewski, J. & Génier, F. (1986) New distribution and collection data for Nearctic Myllaena Erichson: Studies of Myllaenini (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae), Supplement 1. The Coleopterists Bulletin, 40 (1), 33–36.
  27. Klimaszewski, J. & Jansen R.E. (1993) Systematics, biology and distribution of Aleochara Gravenhorst from Southern Africa. Part I: subgenus Xenochara Mulsant e Rey (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Annals of the Transvaal Museum, 36 (7), 53–107.
  28. Klimaszewski, J. & Maus, C. (1999) Review of Bernhauer’ s types of Aleochara from South America (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae). Zoological Studies, 38 (2), 207–221.
  29. Klug, F. (1833) Bericht über eine auf Madagascar veranstaltete Sammlung von Insecten aus der Ordnung Coleoptera. Königliche Akademie der Wissenchaften, Berlin. pp. 135, 5 pls.
  30. Leivas, F.W.T., Caron, E. & Santos, R.S. (2023) Survey of Histeridae and Staphylinidae species (Coleoptera: Staphyliniformia) in the state of Acre, Southwest Amazon, Brazil. Acta Amazonica, 1–8. [in press]
  31. MacLeay, W.J. (1871) Notes on a collection of insects from Gayndah. The Transactions of the Entomological Society of New South Wales, 2, 79–205.
  32. Maus, C., Peschke, K. & Doble, S. (2001) Phylogeny of the genus Aleochara inferred from mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase sequences (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 18 (2), 202–216. https://doi.org/10.1006/mpev.2000.0874
  33. Moore, I. & Legner, E.F. (1975) A catalogue of the Staphylinidae of America North of Mexico (Coleoptera). Division of Agricultural Sciences, University of California Special Publication, 3015, 1–514.
  34. Mulsant, E. & Rey, C. (1853) Essai d’une division des derniers Mélasomes. Pédinites. Les Trigonopaires. Mémoires de l’Académie des Sciences, belles-lettres et Arts de Lyon, 3, 20–61.
  35. Mulsant, E. & Rey, C. (1874) Tribu des brévipennes: Famille des aléochariens (suite): Sixième branche: Aléocharaires. Annales de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon, Nouvelle série, Tome, 20, 286–447. https://doi.org/10.3406/linly.1874.1833
  36. Mulsant, E. & Rey, C. (1875) Tribu des brévipennes: Famille des aléochariens (suite): Sixième branche: Aléocharaires. Annales de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon, Nouvelle Série, Tome, 21, 1–403. https://doi.org/10.3406/linly.1875.1802
  37. Newton, A. (2022) Staphyliniformia world catalog database. In: Bánki, O., Roskov, Y., Döring, M., Ower, G., Vandepitte, L., Hobern, D., Remsen, D., Schalk, P., DeWalt, R.E., Keping, M., Miller, J., Orrell, T., Aalbu, R., Adlard, R., Adriaenssens, E.M., Aedo, C., Aescht, E., Akkari, N., Alexander, S. et al., Catalogue of Life Checklist. August 2022. Available from: https://doi.org/10.48580/dfqc-3gk (accessed 31 July 2023)
  38. Newton, A.F. & Caron, E. (2022) Staphylinidae in Catálogo Taxonômico da Fauna do Brasil. PNUD. Available from: http://fauna.jbrj.gov.br/fauna/faunadobrasil/167546/ (accessed 30 August 2022)
  39. Pace, R. (1990) Nuovi Falagriini, Hoplandriini et Aleocharini della regione neotropica (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) (80 contributo alla conoscenza delle Aleocharinae). Nuevos Falagriini, Hoplandriini y Aleocharini de la región neotropical (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) (80 contribución al conocimiento de los Aleocharinae). Giornale Italiano di Entomologia, 5 (26), 157–180.
  40. Pace, R. (2009) Nuovi dati faunistici e tassonomici su Aleocharinae delle tribù Lomechusini, Hoplandriini, Oxypodini e Aleocharini del Sudamerica (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae). Beiträge zur Entomologie, 59, 133–173.
  41. Park, J.-S. & Ahn, K.-J. (2010) Korean species of Aleochara Gravenhorst subgenus Xenochara Mulsant & Rey (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae, Aleocharinae). Zookeys, 60, 21–36. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.60.404
  42. Peschke, K. & Fuldner, D. (1977) Ubersicht und neue Untersuchungen zur Lebensweise der parasitoiden Aleocharinae (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Zoologische Jahrbucher: Abteilung für Systematik, Ökologie und Geographie der Tiere, 104, 242–262.
  43. Reitter, E. (1909) Fauna Germanica. Die Käfer des Deutschen Reiches. Nach der analytischen Methode bearbeitet. II. Band. Schriften des Deutschen Lehrervereins für Naturkunde 24. K. G. Lutz, Stuttgart, 392 pp., pls. 41–80.
  44. Sahlberg, R.F. (1844) Coleoptera diebus XV–XXVII Decembris anni MDCCCXXXIX ad Rio de Janeiro lecta. Acta Societatis Scientiarum Fennicae, 2 (1), 499–522.
  45. Sawada, K. (1972) Methodological research in the taxonomy of Aleocharinae. Contributions from the Biological Laboratory, Kyoto University, 24 (1), 31–59.
  46. Schülke, M. & Smetana, A. (2015) Staphylinidae. In: Löbl, I. & Löbl, D. (Eds.), Catalogue of Palaearctic Coleoptera. Vol. 2. Hydrophiloidea—Staphylinoidea. Revised and updated edition. Brill, Leiden, pp. 304–1134
  47. Sharp, D.S. (1883) Staphylinidae. In: Biologia Centrali-Americana Insecta Coleoptera 1. Taylor and Francis, London, pp. 145–312.
  48. Sharp, D.S. (1887) Staphylinidae. In: Biologia Centrali-Americana Insecta Coleoptera 1. Taylor and Francis, London, pp. 673–824.
  49. Smetana, A. (2004) Family Staphylinidae Latreille, 1802-subfamily Paederinae Fleming, 1821. Catalogue of Palaearctic Coleoptera, 2, 579–624.
  50. Song, J.H. & Ahn, K.J. (2013) Molecular phylogeny reveals multiple origins of seashore colonisation in the genus Aleochara Gravenhorst (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae). Invertebrate Systematics, 27 (2), 23–244. https://doi.org/10.1071/IS12040
  51. Thomson, C.G. (1858) Försök till uppställning af Sveriges Staphyliner. Öfversigt af Kongliga. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar, 15, 27–40.
  52. Wollaston, T.V. (1854) Insecta Maderensia, being an account of the insects of the islands of the Madeiran group. John Van Voorst, London, 634 pp. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.9060
  53. White, E.E & Legner, E.F. (1966) Notes on the life history of Aleochara taeniata, a staphylinid parasite of the house fly, Musca domestica. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 59 (3), 573–577. https://doi.org/10.1093/aesa/59.3.573
  54. Yamamoto, S. & Maruyama, M. (2012) Revision of the seashore-dwelling subgenera Emplenota Casey and Triochara Bernhauer (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: genus Aleochara) from Japan. Zootaxa, 3517 (1), 1–52. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3517.1.1
  55. Yamamoto, S. & Maruyama, M. (2016a) Revision of the subgenus Tinotus Sharp, stat. n., of the parasitoid rove-beetle genus Aleochara Gravenhorst (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae, Aleocharinae) from Japan, Taiwan, and the Russian Far East. Zookeys, 559, 81–106. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.559.6755
  56. Yamamoto, S. & Maruyama, M. (2016b) Revision of the subgenus Aleochara Gravenhorst of the parasitoid rove beetle genus Aleochara Gravenhorst of Japan (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae). Zootaxa, 4101 (1), 1–68. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4101.1.1