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Type: Article
Published: 2023-09-19
Page range: 201-241
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Revision of the genus Fascaplysinopsis, the type species Fascaplysinopsis reticulata (Hentschel, 1912) (Porifera, Dictyoceratida, Thorectidae) and descriptions of two new genera and seven new species

Queensland Museum; PO Box 3300; South Brisbane 4101; Brisbane; Queensland; Australia; Griffith Institute for Drug Discovery; Griffith University; Brisbane 4111; Queensland; Australia; School of Biological Sciences; University of Queensland; St Lucia; Queensland; 4072 Australia
Dept. of Earth and Environmental Sciences Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; Richard-Wagner-Straße 10; 80333 Munich; Germany; GeoBio-Center; Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; Richard-Wagner-Straße 10; 80333 Munich; Germany
IRD; University of Brest; CNRS; Ifremer; LEMAR; F-29280 Plouzané; France; IRD; Univ de la Polynésie française; Ifremer; ILM; EIO; F-98713 Papeete; French Polynesia
IRD; Univ de la Polynésie française; Ifremer; ILM; EIO; F-98713 Papeete; French Polynesia; Institut Louis Malardé—Papeete ; BP 30—98713 Papeete; Tahiti; French Polynesia
Dept. of Earth and Environmental Sciences Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; Richard-Wagner-Straße 10; 80333 Munich; Germany; GeoBio-Center; Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; Richard-Wagner-Straße 10; 80333 Munich; Germany; SNSB—Bayerische Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und Geologie; Richard-Wagner-Str. 10; 80333 München; Germany
Queensland Museum; PO Box 3300; South Brisbane 4101; Brisbane; Queensland; Australia
Porifera thorectinae taxonomy systematics new species new genera Indo-west Pacific Australia fascaplysin horny sponges

Abstract

The present study examines the taxonomy of sponge specimens with unique chemistry collectively known as Fascaplysinopsis reticulata (Hentschel, 1912). Examination of Hentschel’s original species upon which the genus Fascaplysinopsis Bergquist, 1980 was based in conjunction with a comparison with recent Indo-west Pacific collections, using morphological and molecular analyses (ITS and 28S rDNA), revealed extensive variation. Fascaplysinopsis reticulata was found to be a species complex comprising the genus Fascaplysinopsis, as well as two new genera: Skolosachlys gen. nov. and Rubrafasciculus gen. nov. The new species of Fascaplysinopsis described are F. palauensis sp. nov., F. klobos sp. nov. and F. ronquinni sp. nov. The new species of Skolosachlys gen. nov. described herein are: S. enlutea sp. nov. and S. nidus sp. nov. The new species described of Rubrafasciculus gen. nov. includes: R. cerasus sp. nov. and R. fijiensis sp. nov..

 

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