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Type: Article
Published: 2023-09-28
Page range: 467-474
Abstract views: 190
PDF downloaded: 140

First record of Amorphinopsis atlantica (Porifera: Demospongiae: Halicondriidae) in the Paraguaçu River estuary: Is its presence an invasion or an adaptation to changing environmental conditions?

Instituto de Biologia; Universidade Federal da Bahia; Campus de Ondina; 40170-115. Salvador; BA; Brazil; Centro de Ciências Agrárias; Ambientais e Biológicas; Universidade Federal do Recôncavo da Bahia; 44380-000. Cruz das Almas; BA; Brazil.
Instituto de Biologia; Universidade Federal da Bahia; Campus de Ondina; 40170-115. Salvador; BA; Brazil
Instituto de Biologia; Universidade Federal da Bahia; Campus de Ondina; 40170-115. Salvador; BA; Brazil; National Institute of Science & Technology in Interdisciplinary and Transdisciplinary Studies in Ecology and Evolution (INCT IN- TREE); 40170-115 Salvador; BA; Brazil
Instituto de Biologia; Universidade Federal da Bahia; Campus de Ondina; 40170-115. Salvador; BA; Brazil
Rua Direita s/n; 44310-000; Santiago do Iguape; Cachoeira; BA; Brazil
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul; Campus Litoral Norte; Centro de Estudos Costeiros; Limnológicos e Marinhos; Av. Tramandaí; 976; 95625-000. Imbé; RS; Brazil
Porifera Marine sponge first record organism estuary tropical waters

Abstract

Herein, we describe the first-ever identification of Amorphinopsis atlantica in the Iguape Bay (Bahia, Brazil). The bay, where fish and shellfish harvesting has been practiced for centuries, is part of the Paraguaçu River estuary, the main tributary of Todos-os-Santos Bay. Massive encrusting specimens of sponge species growing on three different types of substrates were collected manually in the intertidal zone of a mangrove in an estuary; despite being initially described in Brazilian subtropical coastal waters. There are records for A. atlantica in the southeastern states of Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, and northeastern states of Pernambuco, Paraíba (Brazil), Falcón (Venezuela), Campeche and Vera Cruz (Mexico), in the department of Córdoba (Colombia), in the Hidden Creek district (Belize) and the Atlantic coast of Costa Rica. In the collection area, the construction of a dam in the tidal river and the subsequent hydroelectric power have changed the estuary dynamics to a threshold condition expected to be tolerated by new colonizers organisms. In this unpredictable scenario, Amorphinopsis atlantica has found a new habitat for more than 15 years. Local people have alleged that the sponge may cause recurring skin rashes, but this has not yet been confirmed. Monitoring and study on the distribution and abundance of the species and a medical survey may clarify the role of the sponge on the skin dermatitis complained by the local population.

 

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