Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Monograph
Published: 2023-10-24
Page range: 1-117
Abstract views: 1175
PDF downloaded: 22

Revisions of Australian ground-hunting spiders VI: five new stripe-less miturgid genera and 48 new species (Miturgidae: Miturginae)

School of Agriculture and Environmental Science; University of Southern Queensland; West Street; Toowoomba; 4350; Queensland; Australia; Queensland Museum; PO Box 3300; South Brisbane; Queensland 4101; Australia
Queensland Museum; PO Box 3300; South Brisbane; Queensland 4101; Australia
Queensland; Australia; Queensland Museum; PO Box 3300; South Brisbane; Queensland 4101; Australia
Araneae Taxonomy systematics transfers Australia


A group of Australian miturgines that are common in widespread areas of mostly dry landscapes are revised. Five new genera (Miturgopelma, Knotodo, Xistera, Miturgiella and Xeromiturga) and 48 new species are described. Three species presently included in three families are placed in these groups in the Miturgidae: Uliodon ferrugineus (L. Koch, 1873) is transferred from the Zoropsidae to Miturgopelma gen. nov.; likewise, Odo australiensis Hickman, 1944, from Central Australia, is transferred from an otherwise South American genus presently in the family Xenoctenidae to Miturgopelma gen. nov.; and Argoctenus gracilis Hickman, 1950 is transferred to Knotodo gen. nov. Miturgopelma gen. nov. is a very diverse genus found throughout much of drier Australia but not yet in Cape York, Queensland, although one species is taken from Tasmania. Besides Miturgopelma ferruginea (L. Koch, 1873) comb. nov. and Miturgopelma australiensis (Hickman, 1944) comb. nov., the new genus Miturgopelma includes 31 new species: M. alanyeni sp. nov., M. archeri sp. nov. M. baehrae sp. nov., M. bandalup sp. nov., M. biancahilleryae sp. nov., M. bogantungan sp. nov., M. brachychiton sp. nov., M. brevirostra sp. nov., M. bungabiddy sp. nov., M. buckaringa sp. nov., M. calperum sp. nov., M. caitlinae sp. nov., M. couperi sp. nov., M. culgoa sp. nov., M. echidna sp. nov., M. echinoides sp. nov., M. harveyi sp. nov., M. hebronae sp. nov., M. kinchega sp. nov., M. maningrida sp. nov., M. minderoo sp. nov., M. oakleigh sp. nov., M. paruwi sp. nov., M. rangerstaceyae sp. nov., M. rar sp. nov., M. rixi sp. nov., M. seida sp. nov., M. spinisternis sp. nov., M. watarrka sp. nov., M. woz sp. nov., and M. yarmina sp. nov. Knotodo gen. nov., a predominantly western and southern group, includes Knotodo gracilis (Hickman, 1950) comb. nov., and seven new species: K. coolgardie sp. nov., K. eneabba sp. nov., K. narelleae sp. nov., K. shoadi sp. nov., K. muckera sp. nov., K. nullarbor sp. nov., and K. toolinna sp. nov. Xistera gen. nov., another predominantly Western Australian and southern group, includes five new species: Xis. auriphila sp. nov., Xis. barlee sp. nov., Xis. coventryi sp. nov., Xis. jandateae sp. nov., and Xis. serpentine sp. nov. Xeromiturga gen. nov., another predominantly western and southern group, includes four new species: Xer. gumbardo sp. nov., Xer. mardathuna sp. nov., Xer. bidgemia sp. nov., and Xer. pilbara sp. nov. A widespread, monotypic eastern Australian genus, Miturgiella vulgaris gen. et sp. nov., is also described. Zoroides Berland, 1924, presently in Miturgidae, is considered a junior synonym of the phrurolithid Dorymetaecus Rainbow, 1920 syn. nov., thus making Dorymetaecus dalmasi (Berland 1924) comb. nov. Miturga whistleri Simon, 1909 and Miturga splendens Hickman, 1930 are both placed in Mituliodon tarantulinus syn. nov..



  1. Azevedo, G.H.F, Bougie, T., Carboni, M., Hedin, M. & Ramírez, M.J. (2022) Combining genomic, phenotypic and sanger sequencing data to elucidate the phylogeny of the two-clawed spiders (Dionycha). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 166 (107327), 1–14.
  2. Berland, L. (1924) Araignées de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et des Iles Loyalty. In: Sarasin, F. & Roux, J. (Eds.), Nova Caledonia. Forschungen in Neu-Caledonien und auf den Loyalty-Inseln. Recherches scientifiques en Nouvelle-Calédonie et aux Iles Loyalty. A. Zoologie. Vol. III. L. II. C. W. Kreidel, Berlin, pp. 157–255.
  3. Davies, V.T. (1985) Araneomorphae (in part). Zoological Catalogue of Australia, 3, 49–125.
  4. Gray, M.R. & Smith, H.M. (2004) The “Striped” group of stiphidiid spiders: two new genera from northeastern New South Wales, Australia (Araneae: Stiphidiidae: Amaurobioidea). Records of the Australian Museum, 6, 123–128.
  5. Gray, M.R. & Smith, H.M. (2008) A new subfamily of spiders with grate-shaped tapeta from Australia and Papua New Guinea (Araneae: Stiphidiidae: Borralinae). Records of the Australian Museum, 60, 13–44.
  6. Hickman, V.V. (1930) Studies in Tasmanian spiders. Part IV. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania, 1929, 87–122.
  7. Hickman, V.V. (1944) Scorpions and spiders. In: The Simpson Desert expedition, 1939—Scientific reports No. 1, Biology. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 68, 18–48.
  8. Hickman, V.V. (1950) Araneae from Reevesby Island, South Australia. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, New Series, 60, 1–16.
  9. Koch, L. (1872) Die Arachniden Australiens, nach der Natur beschrieben und abgebildet [Erster Theil, Lieferung 3-7]. Bauer & Raspe, Nürnberg, 105–368, pls. 8–28.
  10. Koch, L. (1873) Die Arachniden Australiens, nach der Natur beschrieben und abgebildet [Erster Theil, Lieferung 8-9]. Bauer & Raspe, Nürnberg, 369–472, pls. 28–36.
  11. Rainbow, W.J. (1920) Arachnida from Lord Howe and Norfolk Islands. Records of the South Australian Museum, 1 (3), 229–272, pl. 28–31.
  12. Ramírez, M.J. (2014) The morphology and phylogeny of dionychan spiders (Araneae: Araneomorphae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 390, 1–374.
  13. Raven, R.J. (1986) A cladistic reassessment of mygalomorph spider families. In: Eberhard, W.G., Lubin, Y.D. & Robinson, B.C. (Eds.), Proceedings of the Ninth International Congress of Arachnology, Panama 1983. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., pp. 223–227.
  14. Raven, R.J. (2008) Revisions of Australian ground-hunting spiders: III. Tuxoctenus gen. nov. (Araneomorphae: Zoridae). Records of the Western Australian Museum, 24, 351–361.
  15. Raven, R.J. (2009) Revisions of Australian ground-hunting spiders: IV. The spider subfamily Diaprograptinae subfam. nov. (Araneomorphae: Miturgidae). Zootaxa, 2035 (1), 1–40.
  16. Raven, R.J., Baehr, B.C. & Harvey, M.S. (2002) An Interactive key to Australian Spider Subfamilies. (Australian Biological Resources Study. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne, 317 pp.
  17. Raven, R.J. & Beard, J. (2022) Key to spider subfamilies of Australia. Available from: (accessed 4 October 2023)
  18. Raven, R.J. & Stumkat, K. (2003) Problem solving in the spider families Miturgidae, Ctenidae and Psechridae (Araneae) in Australia and New Zealand. Journal of Arachnology, 31 (1), 105–121.[0105:PSITSF]2.0.CO;2
  19. Raven, R.J. & Stumkat, K. (2005) Revisions of Australian ground-hunting spiders: II. Zoropsidae (Lycosoidea: Araneae). Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 50, 347–423.
  20. Silva-Dávila, D. (2003) Higher-level relationships of the spider family Ctenidae (Araneae: Ctenoidea). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 274, 1–86.;2
  21. Simon, E. (1897) Histoire naturelle des araignées. Deuxième édition, tome second. Roret, Paris, pp. 1–192.
  22. Simon, E. (1909) Araneae. 2e partie. In: Michaelsen, W. & Hartmeyer, R. (Eds.), Die Fauna Südwest-Australiens, Jena, 2 (13), pp. 152–212.
  23. Wheeler, W.C., Coddington, J.A., Crowley, L.M., Dimitrov, D., Goloboff, P.A., Griswold, C.E., Hormiga, G., Prendini, L., Ramírez, M.J., Sierwald, P., Almeida-Silva, L.M., Álvarez-Padilla, F., Arnedo, M.A., Benavides, L.R., Benjamin, S.P., Bond, J.E., Grismado, C.J., Hasan, E., Hedin, M., Izquierdo, M.A., Labarque, F.M., Ledford, J., Lopardo, L., Maddison, W.P., Miller, J.A., Piacentini, L.N., Platnick, N.I., Polotow, D., Silva-Dávila, D., Scharff, N., Szűts, T., Ubick, D., Vink, C., Wood, H.M. & Zhang, J.X. (2017) The spider tree of life: phylogeny of Araneae based on target-gene analyses from an extensive taxon sampling. Cladistics, 33 (6), 576–616.
  24. World Spider Catalog (2023) World Spider Catalog, Version 24. Natural History Museum Bern, Bern. Available from: (accessed 23 June 2023)