Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Article
Published: 2024-02-13
Page range: 199-221
Abstract views: 7
PDF downloaded: 0

Taxonomic changes for Neotropical pinhole borer ambrosia beetles (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Platypodinae)

Department of Biological Sciences; University of Bergen; Thormøhlensgate 53a; 5006 Bergen; Norway
Coleoptera ambrosia beetles Tesserocerini Platypodini taxonomy new combinations new synonymy wood borers saproxylic biodiversity

Abstract

Stephen L. Wood re-defined Platypus such that its members are native to realms outside of the Americas and transferred most Neotropical species out of that genus. I have come across 44 species that still remain, though, and these are treated here. In total, I report 49 new generic assignments, 30 of which are transfers out of Platypus. I propose 22 new synonymies, eight of which are Platypus species that are synonymized with previously transferred species. Six Neotropical species are left in Platypus, for reasons detailed in the text. These taxonomic acts affect the compositions of eight of the 11 Neotropical genera of core Platypodinae. The following species are transferred from Platypus Herbst, 1793: Cenocephalus dubiosus (Schedl, 1933) comb. nov., Cenocephalus neotruncatus (Schedl, 1972) comb. nov.; Costaroplatus barbosai (Schedl, 1972) comb. nov., Costaroplatus devius (Schedl, 1976) comb. nov., Costaroplatus mixtus (Schedl, 1976) comb. nov., Costaroplatus roppai (Schedl, 1978) comb. nov.; Epiplatypus bicaudatulus (Schedl, 1935) comb. nov., Epiplatypus carduus (Schedl, 1936) comb. nov., Epiplatypus complanus (Schedl, 1967) comb. nov., Epiplatypus grandiporus (Schedl, 1961) comb. nov., Epiplatypus insculptus (Schedl, 1967) comb. nov., Epiplatypus macroporus (Chapuis, 1865) comb. nov., Epiplatypus perforans (Schedl, 1961) comb. nov., Epiplatypus propinquus (Schedl, 1959) comb. nov., Epiplatypus quadrispinatus (Chapuis, 1865) comb. nov., Epiplatypus sallei (Chapuis, 1865) comb. nov., Epiplatypus sequius (Schedl, 1935) comb. nov.; Euplatypus detectus (Schedl, 1976) comb. nov., Euplatypus erraticus (Schedl, 1972) comb. nov., Euplatypus longulus (Chapuis, 1865) comb. nov., Euplatypus perplexus Bright, 1972 comb. nov., Euplatypus rugosifrons (Schedl, 1933) comb. nov., Euplatypus vexans (Schedl, 1972) comb. nov.; Megaplatypus asperatus (Schedl, 1976) comb. nov., Megaplatypus carinifer (Schedl, 1970), Megaplatypus durus (Schedl, 1936) comb. nov., Megaplatypus eversus (Wood, 1971) comb. nov., Megaplatypus gagates (Schedl, 1976) comb. nov., Megaplatypus irrepertus (Schedl, 1936) comb. nov., Megaplatypus lineaticornis (Schedl, 1936) comb. nov., Megaplatypus paramonovi (Schedl, 1972) comb. nov., Megaplatypus schedli (Wood, 1966) comb. nov., Megaplatypus vafer (Schedl, 1972) comb. nov.; Teloplatypus caligatus (Schedl, 1972) comb. nov. Costaroplatus bidens (Schedl, 1970) comb. nov. and Costaroplatus darlingtoni (Reichardt, 1965) comb. nov. are transferred from Megaplatypus Wood, 1993. Costaroplatus vonfaberi (Reichardt, 1962) comb. nov. is transferred from Platyphysus Wood, 1993. Epiplatypus striatus (Chapuis, 1865) comb. nov., Megaplatypus contextus (Schedl, 1963) comb. nov., Megaplatypus decorus (Schedl, 1936) comb. nov. and Megaplatypus dignatus (Schedl, 1936) comb. nov. are removed from Euplatypus Wood, 1993. Epiplatypus ornatus (Schedl, 1936) comb. nov. is transferred from Teloplatypus Wood, 1993. Euplatypus jamaicensis Bright, 1972 comb. nov., Megaplatypus discolor (Blandford, 1896) comb. nov., Teloplatypus brasiliensis (Nunberg, 1959) comb. nov., Teloplatypus nudus (Schedl, 1936) comb. nov. and Teloplatypus pernudus (Schedl, 1936) comb. nov. are transferred from Epiplatypus Wood, 1993. Costaroplatus ornatus (Schedl, 1936) comb. nov., is transferred from Cenocephalus Chapuis, 1865. Megaplatypus acutidens (Blandford, 1895) comb. nov. and Megaplatypus despectus (Schedl, 1971) comb. nov. are transferred from Tesserocerus Saunders, 1837. New synonymies are proposed as follows: Cenocephalus rugicollis Schedl, 1952 (= Cenocephalus epistomalis Wood, 1966 syn. nov.); Tesserocerus forcipatus Schedl, 1972 (= Platypus aplanatus Schedl, 1976 syn. nov.); Tesserocerus retusus Guérin-Méneville, 1838 (= Tesserocerus guerini ssp. montanus Schedl, 1960 syn. nov.); Tesserocerus simulatus Schedl, 1936 (= Platypus bilobus Schedl, 1961 syn. nov.); Tesserocerus spinax Blandford, 1896 (= Tesserocephalus forficula Schedl, 1936 syn. nov.); Costaroplatus carinulatus (Chapuis, 1865) (= Platypus umbrosus Schedl, 1936 syn. nov.); Costaroplatus shenefelti Nunberg (1963) (= Platypus abditulus Wood, 1966 syn. nov.); Costaroplatus vonfaberi (Reichardt, 1962) (= Platypus convexus Schedl, 1972 syn. nov.); Epiplatypus sallei (Chapuis, 1865) (= Platypus quadricaudatulus Schedl, 1934 syn. nov. and = Platypus filaris Wood, 1971 syn. nov.); Euplatypus longulus (Chapuis, 1865) (= Platypus dimidiatus Chapuis, 1865 syn. nov. = Platypus mulsanti Chapuis, 1865 syn. nov. and = Platypus pseudolongulus Schedl, 1963 syn. nov. ); Megaplatypus acutidens (Blandford, 1895) (= Tesserocerus alternantes Schedl, 1977 syn. nov.); Megaplatypus durus (Schedl, 1936) (= Platypus arcuatus Schedl, 1976 syn. nov.); Megaplatypus fuscus (Chapuis, 1865) (= Platypus marginatus Chapuis, 1865 syn. nov., = Platypus granarius Schedl, 1952 syn. nov., and = Platypus obsitus Schedl, 1976 syn. nov.); Megaplatypus irrepertus (Schedl, 1936) (= Platypus sulcipennis Schedl, 1976 syn. nov.); Neotrachyostus abbreviatus (Chapuis, 1865) (= Platypus concavus Chapuis, 1865 syn. nov.); Teloplatypus enixus (Schedl, 1936) (= Platypus interponens Schedl, 1978 syn. nov.); Teloplatypus ratzeburgi (Chapuis, 1865) (= Platypus pallidipennis Blandford, 1896 syn. nov.). Platypus simpliciformis Wood, 1966 had been transferred by Wood (1993) to both Megaplatypus and Euplatypus by mistake; I propose keeping it in Megaplatypus. Six Neotropical species are left in the genus Platypus with the status incertae sedis: Platypus armatus Chapuis, 1865; Platypus dorsalis Schedl, 1972; Playpus quadrilobus Blandford, 1895; Platypus squamifer Schedl, 1963; Platypus subaequalispinosus Schedl, 1936; and Platypus trispinosus Chapuis, 1965. These taxonomic changes prepare the foundations for future revisionary work on the American Platypodinae.

 

References

  1. Alonso-Zarazaga, M.A. & Lyal, C.H.C. (2009) A catalogue of family and genus group names in Scolytinae and Platypodinae with nomenclatural remarks (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Zootaxa, 2258 (1), 1–134. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.2258.1.1
  2. Beaver, R.A. (1998) New synonymy, new combinations and taxonomic notes on Scolytidae and Platypodidae (Insecta: Coleoptera). Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien Serie B Botanik und Zoologie, 100B, 179–192.
  3. Blandford, W.F.H. (1896) Scolytidae. Biologia Centrali-Americana, 4 (6), 97–144.
  4. Bright, D.E. (2014) A Catalog of Scolytidae and Platypodidae (Coleoptera), Supplement 3 (2000–2010), with notes on subfamily and tribal reclassifications. Insecta Mundi, 356, 1–336.
  5. Bright, D.E. (2021) A Catalog of Scolytidae (Coleoptera). Supplement 4 (2011–2019) with an Annotated Checklist of the World Fauna (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea: Scolytidae). Colorado State University, Boulder, Colorado, vi + 655 pp.
  6. Bright, D.E. & Skidmore, R.E. (1997) A catalog of Scolytidae and Platypodidae (Coleoptera), supplement 1 (1990–1994). NRC Research Press, Ottawa, vii + 368 pp.
  7. Bright, D.E. & Skidmore, R.E. (2002) A catalog of Scolytidae and Platypodidae (Coleoptera). Supplement 2 (1995–1999). NRC Research Press, Ottawa, viii + 523 pp.
  8. Browne, F.G. (1961) Taxonomic notes on Platypodidae (Coleoptera). Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 13, 641–656. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222936108651189
  9. Chapuis, F. (1865) Monographie des Platypodides. Dessain, Liège, 359 pp.
  10. Guérin-Ménéville, F.-E. (1838) Note monographique sur le genre Tesserocere, Tesserocerus de Saunders. Revue Zoologique par la Societe Cuvierieme (Revue et magazine de zoologie pure et appliquee), 1838, 104–107.
  11. Herbst, J.F.W. (1793) Natursystem aller bekannten in- und ausländischen Insekten, als eine fortsetzung der von Büffonschen Naturgeschichte. Der Käfer. Vol. 5. Pauli, Berlin, xvi + 392 pp., pls. XLIV–LIX.
  12. Hulcr, J., Mogia, M., Isua, B. & Novotny, V. (2007) Host specificity of ambrosia and bark beetles (Col., Curculionidae: Scolytinae and Platypodinae) in a New Guinea rainforest. Ecological Entomology, 32, 762–772. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.2007.00939.x
  13. Hulcr, J., Beaver, R.A., Puranasakul, W., Dole, S.A. & Sonthichai, S. (2008a) A comparison of bark and ambrosia beetle communities in two forest types in northern Thailand (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae and Platypodinae). Environmental Entomology, 37, 1461–1470. https://doi.org/10.1603/0046-225X-37.6.1461
  14. Hulcr, J., Novotny, V., Maurer, B.A. & Cognato, A.I. (2008b) Low beta diversity of ambrosia beetles (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae and Platypodinae) in lowland rainforests of Papua New Guinea. Oikos, 117, 214–222. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2007.0030-1299.16343.x
  15. Jordal, B.H. (2014) Platypodinae. In: Leschen, R.A.B. & Beutel, R.G. (Eds.), Handbook of Zoology. Arthropoda: Insecta: Coleoptera, Morphology and Systematics (Phytophaga). Vol. 3. De Gruyter Press, Berlin/New York, pp. 358–364.
  16. Jordal, B.H. (2015) Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of the weevil subfamily Platypodinae reveals evolutionarily conserved range patterns. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 92, 294–307. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2015.05.028
  17. Kirkendall, L.R. (2017a) New synonymies in neotropical Platypodinae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). The Coleopterists Bulletin, 71, 95–98. https://doi.org/10.1649/0010-065X-71.1.95
  18. Kirkendall, L.R. (2017b) Beetles (Coleoptera) of Peru: A survey of the families. Curculionidae: Platypodinae. The Coleopterists Bulletin, 71, 99–115. https://doi.org/10.1649/0010-065X-71.1.99
  19. Kirkendall, L.R. & Atkinson, T.H. (2023) The rare genus Myoplatypus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Platypodinae): three new species, new reports, and first records for South America. Zootaxa, 5351 (3), 301–321. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.5351.3.1
  20. Kirkendall, L.R. & Atkinson, T.H. (2024) What we do and don’t know about New World pinhole borers (Coleoptera, Curculionidae, Platypodinae). Norwegian Journal of Entomology. [in press]
  21. Menier, J.J. (1971) Les Scolytidae et Platypodidae de la Guyane française dans les collections du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle [Col.]. Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France, 76, 18–23. https://doi.org/10.3406/bsef.1971.21167
  22. Motschulsky, V. (1863) Essai d’un catalogue des insected de l’Ile Ceylan. Bulletin de la Société impériale des naturalistes de Moscou, 36, 421–532.
  23. Nunberg, M. (1959) Namenanderungen und Synonomie einiger Borkenkäfer (Coleoptera: Scolytidae), II. Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne, 29, 167–169.
  24. Nunberg, M. (1963) Zur Kenntnis der Scolytidae und Platypodidae—Fauna aus Costa Rica. Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters. Transactions, 52, 97–110.
  25. Reichardt, H. (1962) Scolytoidea (Coleoptera) I. Notas sôbre algumas espécies neotropicais de Platypus, com descrição de uma nova espécie. Papéis Avulsos do Departamento de Zoología, 15, 334–340.
  26. Reichardt, H. (1964) Scolytoidea (Coleoptera) 4. Notas sobre a sistematica e biologia de Platypodidae neotropicais. Revista Brasileira de Biologia, 11, 85–90.
  27. Reichardt, H. (1965) Scolytoidea (Coleoptera) 5: Notes on neotropical Platypodidae, mainly from Central America. Psyche, 72, 159–166. https://doi.org/10.1155/1965/52373
  28. Saunders, S.S. (1837) Descriptions of some new species of coleopterous insects lately received from Monte Video. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London, 1, 149–157, pl. XIV. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.1839.tb03198.x
  29. Schedl, K.E. (1933a) XXXVIII.—Descriptions of a few new species of American Platypodidae in the British Museum of Natural History. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 10, 12, 396–403. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222933308673703
  30. Schedl, K.E. (1933b) New Platypodidae from Central and South America. Revista de Entomologia, 3, 163–177.
  31. Schedl, K.E. (1934) Neue Scolytidae und Platypodidae aus Zentral- und Sudamerika. Entomologische Blätter, 30, 208–212.
  32. Schedl, K.E. (1936a) New Platypodidae from French Guyana. Revue Française d’Entomologie, 2, 224–251.
  33. Schedl, K.E. (1936b) Scolytidae und Platypodidae (Coleopt.)—neue Zentral- und Sudamerikanische Arten (36. Beitrag). Archivos do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, Rio de Janeiro, 3, 99–110.
  34. Schedl, K.E. (1937) New Scolytidae and Platypodidae. Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London, Series B, 6, 13–15. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3113.1937.tb00273.x
  35. Schedl, K.E. (1952a) Neotropische Scolytoidea, III. 110. Beitrag zur Morphologie und Systematik der Scolytoidea. Dusenia, 3, 343–366.
  36. Schedl, K.E. (1952b) Fauna Argentinensis V. 115. Beitrag zur Morphologie und Systematik der Scolytoidea. Acta Zoologica Lilloana, 12, 443–463.
  37. Schedl, K.E. (1959) Neue Scolytoidea aus Brasilien 172. Beitrag zur Morphologie und Systematik der Scolytoidea. Beiträge zur Entomologie, 9, 545–557.
  38. Schedl, K.E. (1960a) Chapuis Platypodidae, eine Revision mit Ergänzungen. 184. Beitrag zur morphologie und systematik der Scolytoidea. Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Memoires, 62, 1–68.
  39. Schedl, K.E. (1960b) Bark and timber beetles from the Neotropical region 173. Contribution to the morphology and taxonomy of the Scolytoidea. The Coleopterists Bulletin, 14, 75–80.
  40. Schedl, K.E. (1961) New species of bark and timber beetles from the Neotropical region.186. Contribution of the morphology and taxonomy of the Scolytoidea. (Coleoptera). The Pan-Pacific Entomologist, 37, 223–233.
  41. Schedl, K.E. (1963) Neotropische Scolytoidea. VII. 211. Beitrag zur Morphologie und Systematik der Scolytoidea. Reichenbachia, 1, 209–234.
  42. Schedl, K.E. (1967) Neotropische Scolytoidea. IX. 251. Beitrag zur Morphologie und Systematik der Scolytoidea. Opuscula Zoologica, 99, 1–19.
  43. Schedl, K.E. (1970a) Neotropische Scolvtoidea, X. 270. Beitrag zur Morphologie und Systematik der Scolytoidea. Koleopterologische Rundschau, 48, 79–110.
  44. Schedl, K.E. (1970b) Scolytidae et Platypodidae [Coleoptera] Récoltés en Guyane Française par la Mission du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (1). Annales de la Société entomologique de France, New Series, 6, 581–584. https://doi.org/10.1080/21686351.1970.12278010
  45. Schedl, K.E. (1971) Scolytidae und Platypodidae aus dem Zoologischen Museum der Universität in Kopenhagen (Insecta, Coleoptera). 265. Beitrag zur Morphologie und Systematik der Scolytoidea. Steenstrupia, 1, 145–156.
  46. Schedl, K.E. (1972a) Monographie der Familie Platypodidae Coleoptera. W. Junk, Den Haag, 322 pp.
  47. Schedl, K.E. (1972b) Neotropische Scolytoidea XI 293. Beitrag zur Morphologie und Systematik der Scolytoidea. Koleopterologische Rundschau, 50, 37–86.
  48. Schedl, K.E. (1976) Neotropische Scolytoidea XIII (Coleoptera). 323. Beitrag zur Morphologie und Systematik der Scolytoidea. Entomologische Abhandlungen, Dresden, 41, 49–92. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783112588680-004
  49. Schedl, K.E. (1978a) Die Typen der Sammlung Schedl. Familie Platypodidae (Coleoptera). Kataloge der Wissenschaftlichen Sammlungen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, 1, 1–82.
  50. Schedl, K.E. (1978b) Neotropische Scolytoidea XIV (Coleoptera) 335. Beitrag zur Morphologie und Systematik der Scolytoidea. Entomologische Abhandlungen Staatliches Museum für Tierkunde in Dresden, 41, 291–309. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783112653203-004
  51. Shuckard, W.E. (1840) The British Coleoptera delineated, consisting of figures of all the genera of British Beetles, drawn in outline by W. Spry, M. E. S. W. Croft, London, viii + 84 pp., 94 pls. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.59532
  52. Smith, S.M., Beaver, R.A., Sittichaya, W. & Cognato, A.I. (2022) One hundred eighteen taxonomic changes among Xyleborine ambrosia beetles (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae). Zootaxa, 5194 (2), 151–175. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.5194.2.1
  53. Strohmeyer, H. (1914) Coleoptera. Fam. Platypodidae. In: Wytsman, P.A.G. (Ed.), Genera Insectorum, Fascicle 163. L. Desmet-Verteneuil, pp. 1–55, pls. 1–12.
  54. Wood, S.L. (1966a) New records and species of neotropical Platypodidae (Coleoptera). Great Basin Naturalist, 26, 45–70. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.14261
  55. Wood, S.L. (1966b) New synonymy in the Platypodidae and Scolytidae (Coleoptera). Great Basin Naturalist, 26, 17–33. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.14260
  56. Wood, S.L. (1971) New records and species of American Platypodidae (Coleoptera). Great Basin Naturalist, 31, 243–253. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.28042
  57. Wood, S.L. (1992) Nomenclatural changes and new species in Platypodidae and Scolytidae (Coleoptera). Part II. Great Basin Naturalist, 52, 78–88.
  58. Wood, S.L. (1993) Revision of the genera of Platypodidae (Coleoptera). Great Basin Naturalist, 53, 259–281. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.16605
  59. Wood, S.L. & Bright, D.E. Jr. (1992) A catalog of Scolytidae and Platypodidae (Coleoptera), part 2: Taxonomic index. Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs, 13, 1–1553.