Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Article
Published: 2024-03-20
Page range: 124-134
Abstract views: 6
PDF downloaded: 0

Descriptions of the larvae and pupae of Sisko Ross with notes on western Dolophilodes Ulmer larvae (Trichoptera: Philopotamidae)

2337 15 Street; Eureka; CA 95501; USA
Trichoptera Caddisfly philopotamid northwestern California southwestern Oregon frontoclypeal apotome notch


Larvae and a pupa of the caddisfly genus Sisko Ross (Trichoptera: Philopotamidae) are described. Larval and pupal photos and larval diagnoses are provided. Larval head and mandible photos and notes are provided for four species of western Dolophilodes Ulmer. A key to the larvae of North American Philopotamidae genera is included.



  1. Armitage, B.J. (1996) Diagnostic Atlas of the North American Caddisfly Adults I. Philopotamidae. 3rd Edition. The Caddis Press, Hilliard, Ohio, iii + 79 pp.
  2. Banks, N. (1914) American Trichoptera–notes and descriptions. Canadian Entomologist, 46, 252–258.
  3. Banks, N. (1924) Descriptions of new neuropteroid insects. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, 65 (12), 421–455, pls. 1–4.
  4. Banks, N. (1936) Four new Trichoptera from the United States. Arbeiten über Morphologische und Taxonomische Entomologie, 3 (4), 265–268.
  5. Blahnik, R.J. (2005) Alterosa, a new caddisfly genus from Brazil (Trichoptera: Philopotamidae). Zootaxa, 991 (1), 1–60.
  6. Denning, D.G. (1951) Records and descriptions of Nearctic caddis flies. Part III. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 24 (4), 157–162.
  7. Denning, D.G. (1966) New and interesting Trichoptera. Pan-Pacific Entomologist, 42, 228–238.
  8. Denning, D.G. (1989) Eight new species of Trichoptera. Pan-Pacific Entomologist, 65, 123–131.
  9. Felsenstein, J. (1985) Confidence limits on phylogenies: An approach using the bootstrap. Evolution, 39, 783–791.
  10. Ling, S.-W. (1938) A few new caddis flies in the collection of the California Academy of Sciences. Pan-Pacific Entomologist, 14 (2), 59–69.
  11. Morse J.C., Holzenthal, R.W., Robertson, D.R., Rasmussen, A.K. & Currie, D.C. (2019) Trichoptera. In: Merritt, R.W., Cummins, K.W., Berg, M.B. (Eds.), An Introduction to the Aquatic Insects of North America. 5th Edition. Kendall Hunt Publishing Company, Dubuque, Iowa, pp. 585–764.
  12. Muñoz-Quesada, F.J. & Holzenthal, R.W. (2008) Revision of the Nearctic species of the caddisfly genus Wormaldia McLachlan (Trichoptera: Philopotamidae). Zootaxa, 1838, 1–75.
  13. Navás, L. (1918) Insectos Chilenos. Boletín de la Sociedad Aragonesa de Ciencias Naturales. 17, 212–230.
  14. Ratnasingham, S. & Hebert, P.D.N. (2007) BOLD: The barcode of life data system ( Molecular Ecology Notes, 7, 355–364.
  15. Ratnasingham, S. & Hebert, P.D.N. (2013) A DNA-based registry for all animal species: the barcode index number (BIN) system. PLoS One, 8 (8), e66213.
  16. Ross, H.H. (1938) Descriptions of Nearctic caddis flies (Trichoptera) with special reference to the Illinois species. Bulletin of the Illinois Natural History Survey, 21 (4), 101–183.
  17. Ross, H.H. (1941) Descriptions and records of North American Trichoptera. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, 67, 35–126.
  18. Ross, H.H. (1944) The caddisflies or Trichoptera of Illinois. Bulletin of the Illinois Natural History Survey, 23, 1–326.
  19. Ross, H.H. (1949) A classification for the Nearctic species of Wormaldia and Dolophilodes. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 51, 154–160.
  20. Ross, H.H. (1956) Evolution and Classification of the Mountain Caddisflies. The University of Illinois Press, Urbana, Illinois, 213 pp.
  21. Schmid, F. (1968) Quelque trichoptères Néarctiques nouveaux ou peu connus. Naturaliste Canadien, 95, 673–698.
  22. Stephens, J.F. (1829) A Systematic Catalogue of British Insects: Being an Attempt to Arrange All the Hitherto Discovered Indigenous Insects in Accordance with their Natural Affinities. Containing also the References to every English Writer on Entomology, and to the Principal Foreign Authors. With all the Published British Genera to the Present Time. Part 1. Insecta Mandibulata. Baldwin and Cradock, London, xxxiv + 416 pp. [Trichoptera pp. 316–323]
  23. Tamura, K. & Nei, M. (1993) Estimation of the number of nucleotide substitutions in the control region of mitochondrial DNA in humans and chimpanzees. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 10, 512–526.
  24. Tamura, K., Stecher, G. & Kumar, S. (2021) MEGA 11: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis Version 11. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 38 (7), 3022–3027.
  25. Ulmer, G. (1909) Einige neue exotische Trichopteren. Notes from the Leyden Museum, 31, 125–142.
  26. Ulmer, G. (1957) Köcherfliegen (Trichopteren) von den Sunda-Inseln. Teil III. Larven und Puppen der Annulipalpia. Archiv för Hydrobiologie, Supplement 23, 109–470.
  27. Walker, F. (1852) Cataloque of the Specimens of Neuropterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum. Part I. Phryganides-Perlides. British Museum, London, 192 pp.
  28. Ward, J.V., Kondratieff, B.C. & Zuellig, R.E. (2002) An Illustrated Guide to Mountain Stream Insects of Colorado, Second Edition. University Press of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, 219 pp.
  29. Weaver III, J.S., Wojtowicz, J.A. & Etnier, D.A. (1981) Larval and pupal descriptions of Dolophilodes (Fumonta) major (Banks) (Trichoptera: Philopotamidae). Entomological News, 2, 85–90.
  30. Wiggins, G.B. (1996) Larvae of the North American Caddisfly Genera (Trichoptera). University of Toronto Press, Toronto, 457 pp.
  31. Wiggins, G.B. (2004) Caddisflies: The Underwater Architects. University of Toronto Press, Toronto, 292 pp.